OBGYN Study guide

Pelvic Girdle
consists of iliac crest ischia pubic bones and sacrum

Bartholin’s gland
are within vestibule, secretes lubricating mucoid substance

Suspensory ligaments
support’s the bulk of the ovary

Broad ligaments
contain the uterine tubes

Uterine appendages
are ovaries and fallopian tubes

Gravida
is the number of pregnancies

Lithotomy position
place patient’s feet in stirrups and foot rests

Pfannenstiel incision
is a lower transverse abdominal incision

Delee suction
device is used to clear the neonates airway

Posterior Coloporrhapy
is performed to repair a rectocele

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH)
removal of uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes

Cerclage
is to close a incompetent cervix

Ovaries function
is to produce and expel ova, release hormone production of oocytes and expulsion of oocytes

Tubplasty
is to restore tubal patency

Vulva
is a external female genatalia

Fundus
is a dome like portion of the uterus

Parts of Uterus
fundus, cervix and sorpus

Pap smear
is a test to rule out cervical dysplasia

Endometriosis
abnormal implantation of endometrial tissue, functioning ectopic endometrial gland and stoma outside of uterine cavity

Marsupialization
a pouch is created

Fibroids
found and grow in the endometrium

Indigo carmine
dye is used for tubal patency

D&C
dilation and curettage

Cystocele
is a prolapse of bladder wall into the vaginal vault, bladder hernia protrudes into the vagina

C-Section
most common reason is failure to progress

Salpingoectomy
is the removal of the fallopian tubes

To prevent adhesion from forming in Pelvic surgery
removal of powder from gloves, ensure saline and dextron are available for irrigation and corticosteroids for administration

Pudendal artery
is external female genitalia vascular branches

Perineum
space between vaginal opening and anus

Uterus lining
is called endometrium

Oviducts
aka the fallopian tubes

Cornu
is when fallopian tubes enter the uterus

Oxytocin
is used to induce labor

Chromic gut suture
used for episiotomy

Kocher
is placed on the fascia during a C-section

Shirodkar
is involved when you place tape around the cervix at internal os

Colporrhaphy
aka the anterior and posterior repair

Vesicovaginal fistula
is a fistula between bladder and vagina

Internal iliac
is the arterial blood supply to uterus derived from the uterine branch

Placenta previa
attachment of the placenta in the lower uterine segment adjorning covering the internal os

Auvard weighted vaginal speculum
retracts the posterior vaginal wall

Kevorian Cervical Curette
used for cervical scraping and biopsies

Heaney retractor
aka right angle retractor

Sims Uterine sound
measures the depth of the uterus

Hulka tenaculum
used for uterine manipulation

Heaney hyster forceps
clamps vessels and ligaments during hysteroectomy

Rectocele
is a protrusion or hernia of the posterior vaginal wall

Polyp
tumor with pedicle

Adenocarcinoma
malignant adenoma arising from glandular organ

PCOD
polycystic ovarian disease

HPV
Human Papilloma Virus

PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease