OBGYN Study guide

Pelvic Girdle
consists of iliac crest ischia pubic bones and sacrum
Bartholin’s gland
are within vestibule, secretes lubricating mucoid substance
Suspensory ligaments
support’s the bulk of the ovary
Broad ligaments
contain the uterine tubes
Uterine appendages
are ovaries and fallopian tubes
Gravida
is the number of pregnancies
Lithotomy position
place patient’s feet in stirrups and foot rests
Pfannenstiel incision
is a lower transverse abdominal incision
Delee suction
device is used to clear the neonates airway
Posterior Coloporrhapy
is performed to repair a rectocele
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH)
removal of uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes
Cerclage
is to close a incompetent cervix
Ovaries function
is to produce and expel ova, release hormone production of oocytes and expulsion of oocytes
Tubplasty
is to restore tubal patency
Vulva
is a external female genatalia
Fundus
is a dome like portion of the uterus
Parts of Uterus
fundus, cervix and sorpus
Pap smear
is a test to rule out cervical dysplasia
Endometriosis
abnormal implantation of endometrial tissue, functioning ectopic endometrial gland and stoma outside of uterine cavity
Marsupialization
a pouch is created
Fibroids
found and grow in the endometrium
Indigo carmine
dye is used for tubal patency
D&C
dilation and curettage
Cystocele
is a prolapse of bladder wall into the vaginal vault, bladder hernia protrudes into the vagina
C-Section
most common reason is failure to progress
Salpingoectomy
is the removal of the fallopian tubes
To prevent adhesion from forming in Pelvic surgery
removal of powder from gloves, ensure saline and dextron are available for irrigation and corticosteroids for administration
Pudendal artery
is external female genitalia vascular branches
Perineum
space between vaginal opening and anus
Uterus lining
is called endometrium
Oviducts
aka the fallopian tubes
Cornu
is when fallopian tubes enter the uterus
Oxytocin
is used to induce labor
Chromic gut suture
used for episiotomy
Kocher
is placed on the fascia during a C-section
Shirodkar
is involved when you place tape around the cervix at internal os
Colporrhaphy
aka the anterior and posterior repair
Vesicovaginal fistula
is a fistula between bladder and vagina
Internal iliac
is the arterial blood supply to uterus derived from the uterine branch
Placenta previa
attachment of the placenta in the lower uterine segment adjorning covering the internal os
Auvard weighted vaginal speculum
retracts the posterior vaginal wall
Kevorian Cervical Curette
used for cervical scraping and biopsies
Heaney retractor
aka right angle retractor
Sims Uterine sound
measures the depth of the uterus
Hulka tenaculum
used for uterine manipulation
Heaney hyster forceps
clamps vessels and ligaments during hysteroectomy
Rectocele
is a protrusion or hernia of the posterior vaginal wall
Polyp
tumor with pedicle
Adenocarcinoma
malignant adenoma arising from glandular organ
PCOD
polycystic ovarian disease
HPV
Human Papilloma Virus
PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease