NUTR 100 Test 1

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physical, emotional, intellectual, interpersonal, spiritual, environmental
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The six dimensions of wellness does include?
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fitness level and your ability to care for yourself – the higher the fitness level the higher your physical wellness will be
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Physical wellness includes?
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emotional wellness
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Optimism, trust, and self-confidence are components of?
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intellectual wellness
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A capacity to think critically is an example of?
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attending to your own thoughts and feelings, monitoring your reactions, identifying your obstacles
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Which of the following best describes emotional wellness?
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guiding beliefs, principles, and values to give meaning and purpose to life
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Which of the following best describes spiritual wellness?
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livability of your surroundings
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Environmental, or planetary, wellness includes?
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environmental
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Protecting yourself from exposure to toxic substances in the workplace is an example of promoting _______________ wellness.
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your ability to develop and maintain satisfying and supportive relationships
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Interpersonal and social wellness?
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happiness and fulfillment you gain through your work
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Another important dimension of wellness is occupational wellness, which is?
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occupational wellness
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An additional important dimension of wellness is financial wellness, which is?
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balancing income and expenditures, staying out of debt, saving for the future, understanding your emotions about money
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Financial wellness does include?
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47
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Life expectancy in 1900 was approximately __________ years.
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infectious diseases and poor environment
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The most serious threat to one’s health in the early 1900s was?
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nearly doubled
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The average life expectancy in the past 100 years has?
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chronic disease
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A disease that develops and continues over a long period of time is a(n)?
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heart disease, cancer, stroke
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The three leading causes of death in the United States are?
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accidents, homicides, suicides
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The three leading causes of death for young Americans ages 15-24 are?
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40%
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Approximately what percentage of Americans get no leisure-time activity?
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Too high in calories, unhealthy fats, and added sugars and too low in fiber, complex carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables
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The typical American diet is?
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chronic diseases
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A diet high in calories and fat and low in fiber will lead to?
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provides necessary nutrients and sufficient energy without also providing too much of dietary substances linked to diseases
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One benefit of a healthy diet is?
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regular exercise, healthy diet, stress management
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Good strategies for achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight do include?
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improve immune systems and increased susceptibility to disease
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Appropriate stress management can lead to?
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physical, mental, immediate and long term. Easier to do tasks, look good and feel good, lowers the risk of dying prematurely
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The benefits of regular exercise and physical fitness do include?
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associated with 8 out of the top 10 causes of death in the u.s.
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Tobacco use is?
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linked to 6 out of the 10 deaths in the u.s. and causes unintentional injuries
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Excessive alcohol consumption is?
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prevent them
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The most effective way of dealing with disease is?
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heredity, environment, adequate health care
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Factors involved in wellness?
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plan your target behaviors and to work on it until you succeed
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The first step in changing a health related behavior is?
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starting with something simple and learning risks and benefits
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When choosing a target behavior a change, you maximize your chances of success by?
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the figurative place a person designates as the source of responsibilities of events in his or her life
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Locus of control is best defined as?
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raise the likelihood of getting cancer and skip check ups and self exams because it is a waste of time
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If you have an external locus of control, believing you have a genetic predisposition to cancer can?
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having a external locus of control
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Donna is about 25 pounds overweight, has tried a variety of diets, and has repeatedly failed to maintain weight loss. She defends her weight with the explanation that almost all of her relatives are overweight and none has ever been successful with attempts to lose weight. Donna can best be described as?
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to set goals, commitment, and seeing possible obstacles
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The key to a successful behavior change program is?
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setting realistic goals because you are able to achieve it
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Setting realistic specific goals can help you change unwanted behavior by?
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studying with a group of friends that smoke in a non smoking area
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Which of the following is an example of modifying your environment to support change?
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trying to get friends or family to change their behavior
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In a behavior change program, a trap related to social influences might be?
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false
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T/F The wellness concept defines health as the absence of disease.
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true
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T/F Self-confidence is one characteristic of a person who possesses good emotional health.
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false
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T/F In 1900, a person was most likely to die of chronic diseases.
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true
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T/F Prevention is the most effective way of dealing with chronic disease.
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true
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T/F A goal of The Healthy People Initiative is to eliminate health disparities among Americans.
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false
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T/F Most health problems occur at the same rate of men and women.
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false
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T/F Approximately 75% of all Americans exercise regularly.
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true
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T/F Regular exercise is a crucial factor in preventing chronic disease.
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true
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T/F Women are more likely to be afflicted with Alzheimer’s disease than men.
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false
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T/F An external locus of control reinforces motivation and commitment during behavior change program.
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false
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T/F Food rewards are highly recommended for successful behavior change.
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true
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T/F Breaking your plan into smaller steps that you can accomplish one day at a time may reduce procrastination.

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