Nonanoic acid C9H18O2 structure

C9H18O2 structure
Molecular Formula C9H18O2
Average mass 158.238 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 254.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 100.0±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 45.3±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 33.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 171.7±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1272 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra mainlib_227949, replib_150540, replib_114735, nist ri
      1295 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -100 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 1988, 201-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1300 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1302 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1303 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1283 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas’ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1297 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min) =;3C/min =;160C =;10C/min =;200C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Alissandrakis E.; Tarantilis P.A.; Harizanis P.C.; Polissiou M., Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 8152-8157.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1288 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 735-745.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1278 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2169 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2171 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2115 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      217.59 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      214.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1244 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min); CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 123-132.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1247 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 2C/min =>200C =>15C/min =>250C (30min); CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1279-1284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1239 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 90 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 220 0C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Borse, B.B.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramalaksmi, K.; Raghavan, B., Chemical composition of volatiles from coconut sap (neera) end effect of processing, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 877-880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1261 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 120 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8848-8854.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1256 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 260-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1308 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 26 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =>6C/min =>200C=>15C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baroni, M.V.; Nores, M.L.; Diaz, M.D.P.; Chiabrando, G.A.; Fassano, J.P.; Costa, C.; Wunderlin, D.A., Determination of Volatile Organic Compound Patterns Characteristic of Five Unifloral Honey by Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled to Chemometrics, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7235-7241., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000); Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dohou, N.; Yamni, K.; Badoc, A.; Tahrouch, S.; Idrissi Hassani, L.M.; Bessiere, J.-M., Composes volatils de Thymelaea lythroides, endemique, ibero-marocaine, Bull. Soc. Pharm. Bordeaux, 144, 2005, 63-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1241 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C(2min)=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=>3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 112050; Active phase: CP-Sil5 CB MS; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1179-1184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1277 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Choi, H.-S., Volatile constituents of satsuma mandarins growing in Korea, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 406-412.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1300 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1278 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 43(2), 2007, 228-229., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Brun, G.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 116-119., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Beck, P.O.; Bessiere, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 182-185.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1253 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>55C/min => 85C => 1C/min =>145C => 3C/min =>250C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot, C.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of heather honeys: Calluna vulgaris and Erica arborea, Food Chem., 64, 1999, 3-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1280 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 33(3), 2002, 115-119., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 163, 2008, 445-455., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: PE-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 427-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Optima 1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Gargadennec, A.; Andary, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Volatile components of Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae), Acta bot. Gallica, 145(4), 1998, 265-269.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: BPX5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.13 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boustie, J.; Rapior, S.; Fortin, H.; Tomas, S.; Bessiere, J.-M., Chemotaxonomic interest of volatile components in Lepista inversa and Lepista flaccida distinctions, Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 26(1), 2005, 1-4., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.13 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Fruchier, A., Volatile composition of Clitocybe amoenolens, Tricholoma caligatum and Hebeloma radicosum, Cryptogamie, Mycologie, 27(1), 2006, 45-55., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1279 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 – 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 – 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1264.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure — property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1272 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1276 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1275 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez, M.R.; Estevez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 7637-7643., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 24, 2000, 145-158., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Smith, D.; Buchbauer, G., Aroma compound analysis of Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae) SPME headspace leaf samples using GC, GC-MS, and olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4643-4646., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1972-1975., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kucuk, M.; Gulec, C.; Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Yayh, N.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, T. orientale var. puberulens, and T. chamaedrys subsp. lydium, Pharm. Biol., 44(8), 2006, 592-599., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 976, 2002, 265-275.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1271 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 37, 2009, 206-213., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 112050; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J

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