Musser 6th grade geography Chapter 5: Section 2 Cultures and Lifestyles in Latin America

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Most Latin Americans today practice what religion?
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Roman Catholic Faith
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What do most Latin Americans speak?
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Spanish or Portuguese
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Explain some causes in change or movement of population in Latin America.
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A. Birth rate is causing Central America to possibly double in size by 2050. B. Certain landscape and climate areas make it to harsh to live, so people move to more favorable climates. C. Migration
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Which regions highest birth rates are where and what has it done to the population?
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In Central America, except Costa Rica. Central America as a result is growing so quickly they expect the population of Guatemala and Honduras to double by 2050.
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In what parts of the region do most Latin American live? Why?
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In more favorable climates (coasts of South America) Areas providing fertile land and easy access to transportation (area reaching from Mexico into Central America).
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Why do most people in Latin America speak languages that are based on Spanish and Portuguese?
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Spain and Porugal once ruled the region. So the 2 most common languages spoken in Latin America are Spanish and Portuguese.
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In some Latin American countries, people speak a language that is a combination of different languages. What is the name of this language?
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Pidgin Language. An example is Creole, spoken in Haiti. Most creole words are from french, but sentence structure, or organization, reflects African languages.
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Explain how Migration, or the movement of people, has greatly shaped Latin America’s population.
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People are now coming from places as far was Korea and Syria come to Latin America looking for jobs or personal freedom. Some also Latin Americans move north to the United States to escape political unrest or to find a better way of life. –legally and illegally. Most stay in contact with family and friends and plan to return when economic conditions in their home countries improve.
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Latin America’s rural areas have increased greatly in population. What has that caused in certain areas?
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a shortage of fertile land leading to Urbanization. Smaller farms can not always support large families. People often leave to find jobs elsewhere, usually in the cities. The result is urbanization, or the movement of people from the countryside to the cities.
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What percentage of South Americans live in cities?
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80% which is about the same as the United States.
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What are the main reasons why Latin Americans leave villages for the cities? Did they find what they seek?
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A. Better Jobs B. Schools C. Housing D. Healthcare No, as city population grew, jobs and housing became hard to find. People that couldnt find jobs and housing often lacked the education and skills to find the jobs and there wasnt enough schools and healthcare to take care of the growing population. Unable to return to the countryside, most people were forced into poverty with crowded neighborhoods with poor housing, lack of sanitation, and rising crime.
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African Latin Americans form a high percentage of population in the Caribean islands and northeastern Brazil. What cultural influence did they add?
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Food, music, and arts in Latin America
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Large Asian population live in the Caribbean islands and some countries of South America. How did that come about?
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They came in the 1800s to work as temporary laborers. They remained and formed ethnic communities. In Guyana about one-half of the population is South Asian or Southeast Asian ancestry.
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What is the largest Asian group living in Brazil?
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Japenese. About 1 million, making Brazil home to the largest number of Japanese in one place outside of Japan.
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Many people of Chinese descent make their homes where?
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Peru, Mexico and Cuba
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Over the century, blending of the different ethnic groups througout Latin America. Give an example
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People of mixed Native American and European descent–known as Mestizos make up the largest population.
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_______________ and ________________ play an important role in Latin American life.
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Religion and Family
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How has Christianity changing in Latin America?
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protestant missionaries have encouraged many people to convert, or to change their beliefs, to Protestant forms of Christianity.
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Christianity still has the most followers. Roman Chatholics form the largest Christian group. What are some other faiths practiced in the region?
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Hinduism Islam Buddhism–brough by Asian Immigrants Judaism–largest followers in the cities
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Describe Family Life in Latin America
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Several generations live together and adults are expected to care for their aged parents. Adult brothers and sisters live near each other, so cousins form close relationships. The father is the leader and chief decision maker….except in some parts of the Caribbean–the mother is the leader of the family.
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What sports are popular in Latin America?
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Soccer is popular Baseball has become popula
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What is the name of the large festival held in many Latin American countries on the last day before the Christian holy period called Lent?
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carnival. It is marked by singing, dancing, and parades.
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The Carnival held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is famous for what?
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It’s color and excitement
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What is the Day of the Dead Celebration?
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Mexican holiday honoring family members who have died.
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Food is a big part of the celebrations throughout Latin America. What are some popular foods?
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Corn and beans beans and rice fresh fish Beef
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The Arts–Culture in Latin America shows the influence of its ethnic mix. Cuban music is famous for what?
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for its use of African rhythms
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Who was Diego Rivera?
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painted murals that recall the artistic traditions of the ancient maya and Aztec.
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How have Latin American artists influenced those in other countries?
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The music of Cuba and Brazil has shaped American jazz. Writers invented a syle of writing called magic realism that combined fantastic events with the ordinary. This style was adopted by European and Asian writers.
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The 2 popular holidays that are celebrates?
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Carnival Day of the Dead

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