Music History Final

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Instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called __________ music.
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Program
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The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
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Liszt
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In 1830, the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
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The Prix de Rome
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The fourth movement of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony depicts a
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March to a scaffold
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The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in
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Russia, Scandanavian Countries, Poland and Bohemia, (all of the above)
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The \”father of Russian music\” is
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Mikhail Glinka
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Tchaikovsky
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began to study music theory at the age of 21
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Bedrich Smetana
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was the founder of Czech national music
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Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river is the
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moldau
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__________ recommended Dvorák’s music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvorák’s fame.
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Johannes Brahms
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Dvorák went to __________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
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New York
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The popular character of the New World symphony can be traced to the composer’s use of __________ often found in folk music.
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Syncopations, pentatonic scales, modal scales (all of the above)
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In comparison to some earlier composers, Brahms’ musical output may be considered small. This is explained in part by the fact that Brahms
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was extremely critical of his own work, and endlessly revised his compositions
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Remarkably, at the age of 79, Verdi completed his comic masterpiece
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Falstaff
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The soul of a Verdi opera is
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expressive vocal melody
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Puccini’s operas have lasting appeal because
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all of the above
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An artistic trend of the 1890s in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations was known as
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verismo
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Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in __________ solely for performances of his music drama.
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Bayreuth, Bavaria
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Wagner envisioned music drama as Gesamtkunstwerk, or \”universal art work,\” in which
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all of the above
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When he was 15, Wagner was overwhelmed by the power of the music of
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Ludwig van Beethoven
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Wagner called his works \”music dramas\” rather than operas because
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all of the above
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Mahler began his professional musical life as a
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conductor of musical comedies
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The major portion of Mahler’s creative output consists of
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symphonies
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The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of
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Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring
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Who among the following was not inspired by the folklore of his native land?
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anton webern
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A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was
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Bela Bartok
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American jazz, with its syncopated rhythms and improvisational quality, had an influence on
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all of the above
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Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?
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tone clusters
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The complete rejection of a tonal center, or treating each of the 12 tones equally, is called
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atonality
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The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by
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Arnold Schoenberg
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Radio broadcasts of live and recorded music began to reach large audiences during the
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1920s
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One of the most important teachers of musical composition in the twentieth century was
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Nadia Boulanger
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The term impressionist derived from a French critic’s derogative reaction to Claude Monet’s painting
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Impression: Sunrise
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Impressionism in music is characterized by
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a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity (NOT all of the above)
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Neoclassicism was a reaction against
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romanticism and impressionism
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A riot was caused by the premiere of Stravinsky’s ballet
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The Rite of Spring
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The deliberate evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds is known as
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primitivism
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Expressionism as an artistic movement was largely centered in
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germany and austria
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Expressionist music stresses
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All of the above
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Schoenberg’s teacher was
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himself
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An eerily expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during the expressionist period, is
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Sprechstimme
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Audiences have been attracted to Berg’s music because of its
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All of the above
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Anton Webern
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earned a doctorate in music history at The University of Vienna
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BartĂłk was a leading authority on
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peasant music
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While not rejecting any influence, BartĂłk emphasized that the strongest influence on his music was
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Hungarian
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After graduating from Yale, Charles Ives
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went into the insurance business
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Gershwin left high school at the age of 15 to
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became a pianist demonstrating new songs in a publisher’s salesroom
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George Gershwin usually collaborated with the lyricist
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Ira Gershwin
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In 1921 Copland began a three-year period of study in
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France
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At the age of 50, Copland began another career. He became a
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Conductor
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All of the following are major developments in music since 1950 except
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the continued composition of symphonies in the classical style
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Serialism is a compositional technique in which
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a series of rhythms, dynamics, or tone colors serve as a unifying idea
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In chance (aleatory) music, the composer
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chooses pitches, tone colors, and rhythms by random methods
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Minimalist music is characterized by
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a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns.
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Krzysztof Penderecki’s composition for 52-string instruments that contains tone clusters of pitches a quarter-tone apart with no feeling of beat is
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Threnody: To the Victims of Hiroshima
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The __________ is a large xylophone with resonators.
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vibraphone
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Zwilich is a
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Pulitzer Prize – winning American composer
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The immediate sources of jazz include
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All of the above
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Ragtime flourished in the United States
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From the 1890s to about 1915
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The Blues
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all of the above
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New Orleans-style Dixieland flourished in the United States
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1900-1917
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\”Scat,\” introduced by Louis Armstrong, is
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Vocalization of a melodic line with nonsense syllables
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A typical swing band had about 15 musicians grouped into three sections
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saxophones, brasses, and rhythm
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Bebop differed from earlier jazz forms in that it
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was meant for attentive listening, not dancing
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A _________ is a type of theater that fuses a dramatic script, acting, and spoken dialogue with music, singing, and dancing.
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musical comedy
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Which of the following is not true of the American musical?
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It is generally set outside the USA
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A variety show without a plot but with a unifying idea is called
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revue
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The golden era of American musical theater was from
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1920-1960
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Leonard Bernstein was a well-known
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all of the above
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West side story
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All of the above
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Initially music in film was used to
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add emotional effect and drown out the projector’s noise
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Early rock grew mainly out of __________, a dance music of American blacks that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles.
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R&B
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__________ has been described as a combination of \”gospel rhythms, modern harmonies, soft melodies, and bright lyrics,\” or a blend of rhythm and blues with popular music.
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Motown
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A kind of rhythmic talking accompanied by a disc jockey who manipulates recordings on two turntables to create a collage of rhythmic effects is known as
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Rap
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A type of basic rock popular in the 1980s, characterized by sexually explicit lyrics, bizarre costumes, and tremendous volume, is known as
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heavy metal
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A style of rock music that sprang from political and social concerns in the West Indies is called
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reggae
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A typical rock group consists of
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two electric guitars, electric bass, percussion, and electric piano or synthesizer
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MTV is a
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cable television network broadcasting rock videos and music programming
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Nonwestern music is often transmitted
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orally from parent to child or teacher to student
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Nonwestern musical scales often contain __________ tones.
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all of the above
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Music that has a texture in which all parts perform the same basic melody, but in versions that differ in ornamentation or rhythm, is called
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Heterophonic
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Drums in sub-Saharan Africa are often considered
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all of the above
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The __________ is a long-necked lute with movable frets, seven strings, and nine to 13 sympathetic strings, popular in north India.
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sitar
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Which of the following statements is not true?
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india music transmitted by formal education by ancient texts and written music like the west.
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The __________ is a Japanese instrument with 13 strings stretched over a hollow sounding board.
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koto
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When instrumental or vocal parts perform the same basic melody but in versions that differ in ornamentation or rhythm, the texture is
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heterophonic
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Who among the following was born first?
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scott joplin
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My fair lady was written by
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Lerner and loewe
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According to your textbook, Shostakovich’s most famous work is his
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Fifth Symphony
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The line, \”I cannot remember everything,\” is from
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Schoenberg’s A survivor from warsaw
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The Russian Five were
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Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Mussorgsky
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Who wrote A German Requiem?
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Brahms
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What prolific composer of both instrumental and vocal works in a western tradition said, \”I grew up in the backwoods, filling myself from earliest childhood with the inexplicable beauty of the characteristic traits of Russian folk music…. I passionately love the Russian element in all its manifestations\”?
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Tchaikovsky
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What opera features Mimi and Rodolfo?
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Puccini’s La Boheme
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A musical style that stresses tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity is
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Impressionism
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A musical style that stresses subjective emotion and harsh dissonance is
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expressionism
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Powerful evocation through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds is
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primitivism
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Schoenberg was
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an expressionist
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Who wrote \”I Got Rhythm,\” \”Of Thee I Sing,\” and \”La, La, Lucille\”?
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Gershwin
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Technically speaking, drums are
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membranophones

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