music final Argumentative Essay Essay

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by shaking, scratching, or striking the instrument itself
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– How do performers cause idiophones to produce sound?
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The Madrigal
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– The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of:
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Melody
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-succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:
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Phrase
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– unit of meaning within the larger structure of a melody is called a:
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Meter
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– Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called:
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First Beat
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– In triple meter, the strongest pulse occurs on:
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Triple Meter
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– The patriotic song America (“My country, ’tis of thee”) is an example of:
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Polyrhythm
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– The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patterns is called:
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Nonmetric
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– Music that moves without a strong sense of beat or meter is called:
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Interval
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– The distance and relationship between two tones is referred to as a(n):
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C Sharp or D Flat
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– On the piano, the black key between the white keys C and D is called:
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Romantic
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– With which era is chromatic music most frequently associated?
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V
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– The dominant chord is represented by the symbol:
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the shape of the melody
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– When a melody is transposed to another key, what remains the same:
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Sequence
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– The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called a(n):
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ABA
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– The form based on a statement and a departure without a return to the complete opening statement is called:
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Pianissimo
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– Which of the following dynamic markings is the softest?
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<
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– Which of the following symbols indicates growing louder?
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words and music that repeat in a poem.
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– The term refrain refers to:
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the total language of all artists
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– The style of a historical period is defined by:
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Ars Nova
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– Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:
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Machaut
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– The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
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Machaut
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– Who composed the chanson Ma fin est mon commencement?
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the organ
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– keyboard instrument that appeared in the medieval era is the:
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Italy
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– Where was the madrigal first developed?
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Gutenberg
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– Who is credited with inventing the printing press?
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Pavane
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– the following, which is a stately court dance?
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Antwerp
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– Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
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False
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– The Renaissance is the earliest musical period in the Western tradition:
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True
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– An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris:
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True
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– Troubadours and trouvĂšres were medieval poet-musicians:
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true.
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– During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered improper for ladies:
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true
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– Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music:
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an opera
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A drama that is sung is called
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recitative
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The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called:
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an aria
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A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
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an overture.
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The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
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the libretto.
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The text of an opera is called:
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Monteverdi
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Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
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France
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Which cultural center rejected Italian opera?
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masque
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A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:
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the covent
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Women seeking to compose substantial works often turned to:
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congregation
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Luther believed that music belonged to the:
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all of the above
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During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
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the organ.
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Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
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a grand chorale fantasia.
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The opening movement of Bach’s cantata Wachet auf is best described as:
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elaborate scenery
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Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?
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the Bible.
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The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:
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the oratorio
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George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
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Handel
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________ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England
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operas
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When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:
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the oratorio
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Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
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Messiah
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Which of the following is Handel’s most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?
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oratorio
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Handel’s Messiah is:
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all of the above
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Why is Messiah so popular in England and America today?
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an instrumental refrain in an aria
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What is a ritornello?
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Lining Out
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– In seventeenth century New England, the practice of singing developed by the Puritans that is based on call and response is called:
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Polyphonic
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– What is the basic texture of the practice of lining out?
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Harpsichord
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– A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:
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Fugue
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– The ________ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other:
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Answer
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– After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:
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Diminution
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– In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
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A Well-Tempered Clavier
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– Which of the following is a set of preludes and fugues by Bach?
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Binary
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– What is a common form of an individual movement in a suite?
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suite
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– Water Music by Handel is best described as a:
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Three
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– The typical solo concerto has ________ movements:
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Concerto
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– The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:
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Vivaldi
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– Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos in the Baroque era?
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The Violin
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– The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is:
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The Four Seasons
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– Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
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The concertos avoid ritornello
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– Which of the following does NOT characterize Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons?
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motives
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A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:
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music without a story or text
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Which of the following best describes absolute music?
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minuet-and-trio form
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In the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movement is usually in:
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ABA
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The overall form of a minuet and trio is best described as:
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chamber music
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Music for a small ensemble of two to about ten players with one player to a part is called:
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national anthem for Austria
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The melody for the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 became the
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German for “A Little Night Music.”
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Eine kleine Nachtmusik is:
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strings
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In the Classical orchestra, which group of instruments serves as the ensemble’s nucleus?
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sonata-allegro form.
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The first movement of a symphony is usually in:
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minuet-and-trio form.
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The third movement of a Classical symphony is most frequently in:
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Haydn
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The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by
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London
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Haydn’s Military Symphony was composed for his visit to which city?
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deafness
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Beethoven suffered perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?
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32
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How many symphonies did Beethoven write?
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4
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How many movements does Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 have?
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3
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How many movements are in a Classical concerto?
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the cadenza.
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A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called:
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the piano
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The most popular solo instrument in the Classical concerto was:
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a double exposition.
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The first movement of a Classical concerto features sonata-allegro form with
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a requiem.
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A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called:
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opera seria
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During the Classical era, the prevalent form of opera, which occupied itself mainly with the affairs of nobility and Greek legends, was called:
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Don Giovanni.
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Don Giovanni attempts to console Donna Elvira, who has been betrayed by:
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the recapitulation
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The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development, and:
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all of the above
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Theme-and-variations form often utilizes which of the following compositional techniques?
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2 violins, 1 viola and 1 cello
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A string quartet consists of
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theme-and-variations
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The form of the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 is:
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a serenade
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Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of
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Requiem
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Mozart died while writing his:
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is a modified song form.
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The form of the first movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp Minor, Op. 27, No. 2
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the symphony.
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The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period is:
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Symphony No. 9
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The “Ode to Joy” is the finale to Beethoven’s
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england
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Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country?
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It was sung in the vernacular.
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How did comic opera differ from opera seria?
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Lorenzo da Ponte
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Mozart’s librettist for Don Giovanni was:
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tragedy
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Which of the following descriptions characterizes the story of Don Giovanni?
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a musical idea that is used as a building block.
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In musical compositions, a theme is:
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the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music.
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Mozart is remembered today as:
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piano and trumpet
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Which of the following was NOT a favored sonata instrumentation in the late eighteenth century?
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a four-note motive
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Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5?
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exotic
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Artists and writers in the nineteenth century turned to Italy and Spain as well as Asia and the Far East for inspiration. These locales were considered
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true
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Nationalistic feelings inspired Romantic composers to incorporate folk songs and dances from their native lands into their works
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false
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Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians.
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Aida & Madame Butterfly
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Which of these Romantic-era works is considered to have an “exotic” narrative?
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False
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The Bohemian artist adhered to the social norms of the establishment.
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Clara Wieck Schumann & Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
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Which of the following are Romantic-era composers?
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conductor
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The large size of the Romantic orchestra resulted in the need for a
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the middle class
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The French Revolution signaled the transfer of power from the hereditary landholding aristocracy to whom?
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Frederic Chopin
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Novelist George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin) played a key role in which composer’s career?
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eschewal of chromatic and dissonant pitches
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Which of the following is NOT a style trait of Romantic music?
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Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein
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Who of the following played a key role in Franz Liszt’s career?
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true
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The French Revolution fostered the rise of a middle-class society.
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lyrical and singable
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Romantic-era melodies are best described as
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English horn, contrabassoon, & piccolo
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Which of the following were new instruments added to the Romantic orchestra?
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true
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Musicians and composers achieved a higher social status during the Romantic era than they had in the Classical era.
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Frédéric Chopin
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Novelist George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin) played a key role in which composer’s career?
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affordable
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The Industrial Revolution brought with it the means to create more ___________ and responsive musical instruments as well as technical improvements that influenced the sound of Romantic music.
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Walter Scott Victor Hugo
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Which of these authors wrote during the Romantic era?
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false
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Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians.
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Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel Clara Wieck Schumann
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Which of the following are Romantic-era composers?
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true
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Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was a prominent composer of Lieder.
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Every stanza is set to same melody.
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Which of the following correctly describes strophic song form?
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modified
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The two main Romantic-era song structures include strophic and through-composed. An intermediate type, which is a combination of these two, is called _______ strophic
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music criticism composition
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Robert Schumann was noted for which of the following in his day?
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The poetry was written by Heine. It is in a strophic form. It is for solo voice and piano.
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Which of the following is a characteristic of Robert Schumann’s In the Lovely Month of May?
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true
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According to legend, anyone touched by the Elfking must die.
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piano
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The German art song was a genre that was generally performed by a solo voice and
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German
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A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in
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text-painting
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What special technique is used at the end of the first verse in the song “In the Lovely Month of May”?
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It is comprised of sixteen songs. It is a song cycle. The poems follow a psychological progression.
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Which of the following describes Robert Schumann’s Dicterliebe (A Poet’s Love)?
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Clara Schumann Franz Schubert
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Who of the following were prominent composers of Lieder?
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He wrote more than 600 Lieder. He sang in a prestigious choir in Vienna. His music shows both Classical and Romantic traits.
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Which of the following correctly describe a part of Franz Schubert’s career? Correct Answer(s)
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song cycle
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What is the term for a group of Lieder unified by a descriptive or narrative theme?
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true
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Romantic Lied texts are written in German.
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
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Who wrote the dramatic poem (based on a Danish legend) which provides the text for Schubert’s Elfking?
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through-composed form
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A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in which form?
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Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
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Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
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true
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Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was a prominent composer of Lieder.
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Every stanza is set to same melody
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Which of the following correctly describes strophic song form?
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set to a Goethe poem through-composed form
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Schubert: Elfking
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set to a Heine poem strophic form
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Schumann: “In the Lovely Month of May”
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true
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Nineteenth-century parlor music in the United States was written to be accessible to amateurs.
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true
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Foster was sympathetic toward the Abolitionist cause.
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false
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Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.
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minstrel show
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Which of the following was a type of racially-charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century?
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Stephen Foster
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who helped to build a powerful musical industry in the United States in the nineteenth century, even though he earned very little from sales of his sheet music.
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strophic
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The form of Stephen Foster’s song Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is __________
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art song
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Nineteenth-century songwriters in the United States combined elements of European _____ _____ and opera with other traditions such as nostalgic “folk songs” to create commercially successful popular music.
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false
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Music in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century America was wildly divergent from European traditions.
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Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
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Foster’s My Old Kentucky Home was inspired by which?
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homophonic
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Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is primarily composed in what texture?
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Christy Minstrels
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From 1847 on, Stephen Foster was under contract with the
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Stephen Foster
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The famous American tunes Oh, Susanna!, Beautiful Dreamer, and Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair were all composed by who?
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true
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Stephen Foster is known for his minstrel show tunes and parlor songs.
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false
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Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.
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Old Folks at Home Camptown Races
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Which of the following songs were written by Stephen Foster?
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true
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Stephen Foster’s songs exemplify the intersection between the American spirit and the European art tradition.
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syllabic major key moderate tempo
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Which of the following correctly describes Stephen Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair?
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“scenes from the plantation”
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In nineteenth-century minstrel shows, white performers acted out __________________ in blackface.
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minstrel show
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Which of the following was a type of racially-charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century?
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true
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Foster was sympathetic toward the Abolitionist cause.
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true
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Stephen Foster’s songs exemplify the intersection between the American spirit and the European art tradition.
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mazurka
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The lively triple-meter dance with an accent on the second or third beat in the measure that originated in Mazovia is known as the.
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poet.
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Robert Schumann praised the level of expression in Chopin’s work, calling Chopin a(n) _________
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mazurkas and polonaises
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Chopin paid homage to his Eastern European ancestry by composing which?
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chromatic melody triple meter
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Which of the following describes Chopin’s Mazurka in B-flat Minor, Op. 24, No. 4?
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true
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The short lyric piano work was the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century song.
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true
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Romantic era piano character pieces often had fanciful titles.
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France
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After his conservatory studies, Frédéric Chopin spent most of his productive career in __________
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polonaises Ă©tudes nocturnes
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Which of the following are pieces that Chopin wrote and which are not?
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true
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The piano played a crucial role in nineteenth-century musical culture.
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false
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The piano experienced minor technical improvements during the nineteenth century.
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robbed time
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Which is the best definition of tempo rubato?
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Felix Mendelssohn Franz Liszt Clara Wieck Schumann
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Who of the following composers wrote short lyric piano pieces in the Romantic era ?
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piano.
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Polish composer Frédéric Chopin dedicated his entire compositional output to the _______
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dancelike
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What best describes the character of the Chopin’s Mazurka?
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string quartets
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Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output?
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rubato.
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In his music Chopin called for “robbed” time, a technique formally known as
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character
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Able to exhibit melodious and dramatic moods despite its compact form, the short lyric piano piece, also known as the _________ piece, was the instrumental equivalent to the song.
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novelist
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Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned French ___________

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