Music CH 9-15

Flashcard maker : Ruth Blanco
True or False. The Native American population after the Civil War swiftly declined in the face of war, disease, and poverty.
True
True or False. William Cody collected recordings of more than two-thousand Native American tribal songs over fifty years.
False
True or False. Most popular culture in nineteenth-century America challenged, sensationalized, and distorted portrayals of the Native American.
False
True or False. Frances Densmore’s recordings of Native American music provided a faithful, accurate document of the Native American music making experience.
False
Which of the following acts is the latest?
a) Indian Removal Act
b) Indian Nationality Act
c) Indian Citizenship Act
d) Indian Reorganization Act
b) Indian Nationality Act
Which figure did NOT attempt a scholarly study of Native American culture?
a) Alice C. Fletcher
b) William Cody
c) Frances Densmore
d) Francis La Flesche
b) William Cody
True or False. American labor unions emerged in the early 1800s.
False
The image of the outspoken, educated, middle-class American emerging as the \”new negro\” became a harbinger of the _____________ of the 1920s and 1930s.
a) Minstrel Show
b) Vaudeville Tradition
c) Harlem Renaissance
d) Swing Era
c) Harlem Renaissance
Who among the following did NOT contribute to the large body of song that took shape in the American West?
a) Miners
b) Loggers
c) Mormons
d) Bankers
d) Bankers
George L. White established __________ in 1870.
a) Appalachain settlement schools
b) The Tuskegee Institute
c) Fiske University
d) The Fiske Jubilee Singers
d) The Fiske Jubilee Singers
in 1915, Cecil Sharp learned of a community maintaining an ancient folk song tradition from the British Isles in the mountains of:
a) Pennsylvania
b) Virginia
c) North Carolina
d) South Carolina
c) North Carolina
The concert spiritual was:
a) A concertized stage presentation of the minstrel show
b) A form of African American opera
c) An expression of African American experience grounded in folk music
d) An expression of African American experience that incorporated the manner of European classical music
d) An expression of African American experience that incorporated the manner of European classical music
__________ collected, transcribed, and recorded Hispanic folk songs.
a) Frances Densmore
b) William Cody
c) Cecil Sharp
d) Charles F. Lummis
d) Charles F. Lummis
The motivations behind the preservation and dissemination of African American folk music, spirituals, and slave songs are closely connected with similar concerns regarding _____________ music in the later nineteenth century.
a) Native American
b) Hispanic
c) Anglo-Celtic
d) Labor
a) Native American
True or False. Johann Gottfried von Herder’s notion of \”das Volk\” was closely tied to ideas of political ideology.
False
How many Native Americans were alive in 1865?
a) One hundred thousand
b) Three hundred thousand
c) One million
d) Four million
b) Three hundred thousand
William Francis Allen published:
a) Alliance and Labor Songster
b) Slave Songs of the United States
c) Spanish Songs of Old California
d) Folk Songs of the Southern Appalachians
b) Slave Songs of the United States
True or False. The nineteenth century saw a significant increase in the quantity and quality of Native American ethnography.
True
True or False. By the 1800s, collections of Anglo-Celtic ballads were more interested in ballad reworkings than the earlier British forms.
False
Which of the following skews the historical record of preserving Native American music culture in the 1800s?
a) Incompleteness of the surviving data
b) Difference between music in its natural habitat and outside
c) Contrast between native and non-native perceptions of Native American ways
d) All of the above
d) All of the above
Victor Herbert composed how many operettas?
a) 40
b) 60
c) 80
d) 110
a) 40
Irving Berlin’s \”immigrant\” song period existed from:
a) 1890-1899
b)1900-1910
c)1912-1917
d)1920-1930
c)1912-1917
True or False. Al Jolson was not connected to the musical comedy tradition.
False
The key to the distinctive voice in American musicals was:
a) Ragtime
b) Popular Song
c) Minstrelsy
d) opera
b) Popular Song
True or False. New York City’s Metropolitan Opera opened in 1861.
False
Many early twentieth-century operas composed for the Metropolitan Opera focused on which of the following groups as a subject matter? a) Native Americans
b) African Americans
c) Italian Americans
d) German Americans
a) Native Americans
True or False. Despite the regular presence of ragtime in most popular music of this period, only songs having to do with African American subject matter were considered ragtime.
True
True or False. Between 1910 and 1920, the Metropolitan Opera especially encouraged creative opera efforts by American composers, and many won an enduring place in the repertory.
False
Scott Jolpin’s first published rag was entitled.
a) Mississippi Rag
b) Maple Leaf Rag
c) The Entertainer
d) Treemonisha
a) Mississippi Rag
The most successful black musician to bring music from the black folk tradition into the popular sphere was:
a) Will Marion Cook
b) Matilda Sissieretta Jones
c) Al Jolson
d) Scott Joplin
d) Scott Joplin
Irene and Vernon Castle were known for:
a) Offering dance lessons of \”exotic\” styles for the mainstream
b) Providing critical reviews of early ragtime music
c) Recording coon songs
d) Promoting the interests of early African American professional musicians
a) Offering dance lessons of \”exotic\” styles for the mainstream
True or False. British theatrical imports dominated the American stage throughout the nineteenth century.
True
True or False. Black minstrel shows set the stage for the careers of professional African American entertainers after the Civil War.
True
True or False. George M. Cohen’s \”I Want to Hear a Yankee Doodle Tune\” made references to foregoing operatic repertoire.
True
Musical comedy differed from operetta in that:
a) It was inspired heavily by church music
b) It was exclusively American
c) It involved relatively few actual musical numbers
d) Its settings and characters were contemporary
d) Its settings and characters were contemporary
________ pervaded all three entertainment types of theater, song, and dance.
a) Folk music traditions
b) Minstrelsy
c) Hymn Tunes
d) Ragtime
d) Ragtime
The landmark United States Supreme Court decision Plessy v. Ferguson occurred in:
a) 1876
b) 1896
c) 1910
d) 1917
b) 1896
Which of the following would have been viewed as the lowest form of musical entertainment during the early twentieth century?
a) Operetta
b) Revue
c) Burlesque
d) Vaudeville
c) Burlesque
True or False. New York City’s Metropolitan Opera toured Mexico.
True
Typically, operetta differed from opera in that:
a) It presented less sophisticated musical challenges to performers
b) The plots were carried by spoken dialogue
c) It deal solely in historical and political narratives
d) It was far less popular than opera
b) The plots were carried by spoken dialogue
True or False. Jimmie Rodgers was the first undisputed solo star of country music.
True
True or False. Advantages such as literacy, music lessons that promoted literacy, ownership of musical instruments-especially the piano- were beyond the reach of many Americans, especially in the least prosperous regions of the country.
True
True or False. An example of a new up-to-date musical comedy of the 1920s was The Student Prince with songs by George and Ira Gershwin.
False
Of the following, the earliest recorded blues singer was:
a) Mamie Smith
b) Bessie Smith
c) Ethel Waters
d) Alberta Hunter
a) Mamie Smith
Some hillbilly music fits neatly into the category of __________, but much of it does not.
a) Ragtime
b) Folk
c) Musical Comedy
d) Tin Pan Alley
b) Folk
True or False. The blues was developed by whites in the rural South.
False
The newly discovered market for African American musicians playing the blues was dubbed:
a) Blues toones
b) Black blues
c) Race records
d) Okeh records
c) Race Records
True or False. The blues would go on to influence nearly every style of music that developed in its wake.
True
When A&R man was hired by Okeh Records to comb the rural South in search of new artists for the white Southern market?
a) \”Fiddlin’ John\” Carson
b) Ralph Peer
c) Jimmie Rodgers
d) A.P. Carter
b) Ralph Peer
Like Tin Pan Alley, Broadway embraced ragtime and, from the 1920s until well after World War II, many popular songs would display some degree of __________ influence.
a) Hillbilly
b) Blues
c) Minstrel
d) Folk
b) Blues
Show Boar significantly fused which two dramatic genres?
a) Opera and Operetta
b) Musical comedy and Operetta
c) Tin Pan Alley and musical comedy
d) Hillbilly and Operetta
b) Musical Comedy and Operetta
True or False. Most show songs that won popularity in the years between the two world wars were about romantic love.
True
Jimmie Rodgers’s style and output borrowed deeply from ___________ music practice and culture.
a) African American
b) European
c) Sacred
d) Jewish American
a) African American
Outside his work with the Carter Family music group, A.P. Carter was:
a) A church organist
b) A minister
c) A lawyer
d) An amateur song catcher
d) An amateur song catcher
True or False. In the years between the two world wars, the boundaries between country music and other genres were clearly marked.
False
The Carter Family was from:
a) Georgia
b) Tennessee
c) Virginia
d) South Caroline
c) Virginia
Two acts that would eventually transform country music from a small specialty market into a major segment of the American music industry were:
a) The Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers
b) \”Fiddlin’ John\” Carson and W.C. Handy
c) Ethel Waters and Alberta Hunter
d) Joe \”King\” Oliver and Louis Armstrong
a) The Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers
True or False. A lively tradition of stage musical entertainment developed in the rural South disseminating new songs at a time when minstrel and vaudeville shows were largely urban phenomena.
True
In what year was the electric microphone introduced into the recording studio?
a) 1910
b) 1915
c) 1920
d) 1925
b) 1925
Of the following, which is NOT an explicitly successful ingredient for an independent show tune?
a) Sentimentality
b) Simplicity
c) Memorability
d) Interesting lyrical subject matter
a) Sentimentality
True or False. Duke Ellington toured for the U.S. State Department in the 1950s.
False
True or False. When Varese looked to science for compositional inspiration, Rudhyar found in spiritualism a similar inspiration to create a highly dissonant, nontraditional- sounding music.
True
In which city is jazz believed to have originated?
a) Chicago
b) New York
c) New Orleans
d) Los Angeles
c) New Orleans
True or False. The music of Henry Cowell drew on Chinese, Japanese, African, South Indian, Javanese, and Irish musics.
True
Under what composer did Henry Cowell study music in his youth?
a) Arnold Schoenberg
b) Igor Stravinsky
c) Charles Seeger
d) Dane Rudhyar
c) Charles Seeger
Louis Armstrong’s legacy was known for:
a) Virtuosity
b) Scat Singing
c) Solo Inventiveness
d) All of the above
d) All of the above
True or False. John Coltrane studied under Leo Ornstein.
True
Which figure was not a student of Henry Cowell?
a) Burt Bacharach
b) John Cage
c) George Gershwin
d) Charles Ives
d) Charles Ives
True or False. The first jazz recording was made by white musicians.
True
What early jazz giant fell into obscurity as the New Orleans sound became dated?
a) Jelly Roll Morton
b) Louis Armstrong
c) Bix Biederbecke
d) Duke Ellington
a) Jelly Roll Morton
Jazz and gospel music share a grounding in ___________.
a) Ragtime
b) Tin Pan Alley
c) Blues
d) Folk Music
c) Blues
Who among the following was NOT an ultramodernist composer?
a) Charles Ives
b) Edgar Varese
c) Dane Rudhyar
d) Carl Ruggles
a) Charles Ives
Which of the following would NOT be a part of a musical modernist aesthetic?
a) Fragmented Melodies
b) Lyricism
c) Dissonant Harmonies
d) Irregular Rhythms
b) Lyricism
Who recorded the first jazz recording in 1917 for Victor Records?
a) King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band
b) Bessie Smith
c) Armstrong and His Hot Five
d) The Original Dixieland Jazz Band
d) The Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Ellington composed and copyrighted ________ pieces.
a) More than 300
b) More than 500
c) More than 750
d) More than 1100
d) More than 1100
Duke Ellington’s most significant arranger-composer was:
a) Johnny Hodges
b) Joe \”Tricky Sam\” Nanton
c) Bubber Miley
d) Billy Strayhorn
d) Billy Strayhorn
True or False. In their own period, composer Leo Ornstein was less well-known than Charles Ives.
False
True or False. After World War I, jazz was seen by some as a decline of civilization.
True
True or False. Jelly Roll Morton made his first recordings in New Orleans.
False
Trumpet, clarinet, and trombone comprise what part of a typical New Orleans jazz band?
a) Front Line
b) Rhythm Section
c) Collective Improvisation
d) Break
a) Front Line
True or False. In the decades between the two worlds, the composer was elevated to a standing in the classical sphere once reserved for the performer.
False
True or False. The radio provided an important new medium to broadcast a wide variety of music.
True
Gershwin’s first hit was:
a) Lady be Good!
b) Rhapsody in Blue
c) \”Swanee\”
d) Porgy and Bess
c) \”Swanee\”
George Gershwin’s early work was as a:
a) Singer
b) Music Teacher
c) Music Published
d) Song-plugger
d) Song-plugger
Duke Ellington found great success merging:
a) Ragtime and Tin Pan Alley
b) Jazz and Blues
c) Jazz and Concert Music
d) Folk and Concert Music
c) Jazz and Concert Music
True or False. Ruth Crawford Seeger was the third woman to receive the Guggenheim Fellowship.
False
True or False. James P. Johnson’s concert music enjoyed moderate critical and popular success during his lifetime.
False
Ruth Crawford Seeger’s early compositions were inspired by:
a) Dane Rudhyar
b) Charles Seeger
c) Arnold Schoenberg
d) Bela Bartok
a) Dane Rudhyar
In which year was the League of Composers founded?
a) 1903
b) 1913
c) 1923
d) 1933
c) 1923
Ruth Crawford Seeger’s music was often directly connected with:
a) Nationalism
b) Politics
c) Commercialism
d) Race
b) Politics
The premiere of William Grant Still’s Afro-American Symphony marked the first time in history that:
a) An African American musician gained prominence
b) An African American composer wrote a symphonic work
c) African American music material directly inspired classical music
d) A major orchestra performed a symphonic work by an African American composer
d) A major orchestra performed a symphonic work by an African American composer
James P. Johnson’s Yamekraw: A Negro Rhapsody premiered in:
a) Boston’s Symphony Hall
b) New York City’s Carnegie Hall
c) New York City’s Paramount Theatre
d) Boston’s Colonial Theatre
b) New York City’s Carnegie Hall
True or False. George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess became the twentieth century’s most performed piece of American concert music.
False
True or False. Aaron Copland’s modernist interests managed to appeal to conservative tastes.
True
True or False. Florence Price carried forward the development of the concert spiritual as begun by Harry T. Burleigh.
True
True or False. William Grant Still was his generation’s most versatile black composer.
True
Which of the following conductors especially championed the music of new American composers?
a) Arturo Toscanini
b) Serge Koussevitsky
c) Leopold Stokowski
d) Eugene Ormandy
b) Serge Koussevitsky
With whom had Florence Price studied composition?
a) Chadwick
b) Ives
c) Seeger
d) Gershwin
a) Chadwick
Founded in 1928, the __________ concerts produced ten concerts by 1932.
a) League of Composers
b) International Composers’ Guild
c) Copland- Sessions
d) Pan American Association of Composers
c) Copland- Sessions
The first piece by Aaron Copland to quote folk material was:
a) El Salon Mexico
b) Billy the Kid
c) Rodeo
d) Appalachian Spring
a) El Salon Mexico
What Chicago musician and songwriter has performing credits that included a stint as a painist for Ma Rainey as well as a lifelong devotion to sacred music?
a) Marion Williams
b) Thomas A. Dorsey
c) Mahalia Jackson
d) Roberta Marvin
b) Thomas A. Dorsey
Likely the delta blues musician with the most legendary status was:
a) Willie Brown
b) Robert Johnson
c) Skip James
d) Blind Lemon Jefferson
b) Robert Johnson
Which of the following labels were NOT used by Billboard magazine to name country music recordings during the 1940s?
a) \”Country records\”
b) \”Folk records\”
c) \”Hillbilly records\”
d) \”Country and Western\”
a) \”Country Records\”
True or False. The second decade of country music experienced a marked slowing in its development.
False
True or False. Woodie Guthrie wrote or adapted more than a thousand songs, reflecting his travels and emphasizing the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl drought of the 1930s.
True
True or False. By the end of World War II, the term \”hillbilly\” was on its way out.
True
True or False. Blues and black gospel music share a melodic and harmonic idiom, a rhythmic approach, a rootedness in traditional African American culture, and a similar function.
False
True or False. Gene Autry appeared in nearly ninety western films.
True
____________ took shape before World War II as mainstream denominations brought Pentecostal musical styles into their worship.
a) Classic blues
b) Modern black gospel music
c) Country music
d) Modern folk music
b) Modern black gospel music
____________ were a significant way for country musicians to reach a wider audience.
a) Vaudeville shows
b) Minstrel shows
c) Broadway musicals
d) Motion pictures
d) Motion pictures
Who was the central figure in Western swing?
a) Patsy Montana
b) Gene Auty
c) Bob Wills
d) Leon McAuliffe
c) Bob Wills
Pete Seeger’s musical group was:
a) Boys of the Golden West
b) The Almanac Singers
c) The Texas Playboys
d) Cackle Brothers
b) The Almanac Singers
True or False. Western swing artists took cues with regard to sound, style, and instrumentation from the jazz-oriented swing bands that toured the Southwest.
True
Pete Seeger’s mentor was:
a) Charles Seeger
b) Woodie Guthrie
c) Ruth Crawford Seeger
d) Alan Lomax
b) Woodie Guthrie
One of the first, Texas-based country-blues musicians to make records was:
a) Blind Lemon Jefferson
b) Charlie Patton
c) Son House
d) Tommy Johnson
a) Blind Lemon Jefferson
Who was the most successful Jimmie Rodgers imitator?
a) Patsy Montana
b) Johnny Marks
c) Gene Autry
d) Bob Wills
c) Gene Autry
From which of the following areas did Western swing NOT originate?
a) Texas
b) Tennessee
c) Louisiana
d) Oklahoma
b) Tennessee
True or False. Pete Seeger worked at the Archives of American Folk Song.
True
Typically, country blues involves:
a) A female singer with piano accompaniment
b) A male singer accompanying himself on guitar
c) Two female singers with band accompaniment
d) Two male singers with band accompaniment
b) A male singer accompanying himself on guitar
True or False. Alan Lomax replaced Robert Winslow Gordon in the Archives of American Folk Song at the Library of Congress.
False
Which of the following does NOT characterize Lester Young’s playing style?
a) Thick vibrato
b) A light sound
c) Intensity
d) Understatement
a) Thick vibrato
Which of the following is NOT a Copland film score?
a) Of Mice and Men
b) Our Town
c) The Magnificent Seven
d) Something Wild
c) The Magnificent Seven
True or False. Bassie formed his nine-piece orchestra in wake of Benny Goodman’s success and Bennie Moten’s early death.
True
Which of the following film genres used popular music prominetly and in pathbreaking ways?
a) The animated cartoon
b) The story musical based on fantasy
c) The dance musical
d) All of the above
d) All of the above
True or False. Copland praised Max Steiner’s film scores.
False
Which jazz artist wielded the most significant influence of vocalists?
a) Count Basie
b) Louis Armstrong
c) Benny Goodman
d) Lester Young
b) Louis Armstrong
Who among the following possessed an especially strong gift for melodic improvisation?
a) Al Jolson
b) Bennie Moten
c) Elmer Bernstein
d) Billie Holiday
d) Billie Holiday
True or False. Jazz of the Swing Era tended to place a more equal emphasis on all four beats in a bar.
True
With whom did Fred Astaire NOT collaborate?
a) Irving Berlin
b) George Gershwin
c) Richard Rodgers
d) Jerome Kern
Richard Rodgers
True or False. Erich Wolfgang Korngold scored the soundtrack for Gone with the Wind.
False
True or False. The Jazz Singer was the first film to demonstrate that a spoken soundtrack was marketable.
True
Copland’s film scores proved that:
a) Musically sophisticated audiences would not accept modernist music when it was used intelligently and appropriately for cinematic purposes.
b) Musically unsophisticated audiences would accept modernist music when it was used intelligently and inappropriately for cinematic purposes.
c) Musically unsophisticated audiences would accept modernist music when it was used intelligently and appropriately for cinematic purposes.
d) Musically unsophisticated audiences would not accept modernist music when it was used intelligently and appropriately for cinematic purposes.
c) Musically unsophisticated audiences would accept modernist music when it was used intelligently and appropriately for cinematic purposes.
True or False. The Birth of a Nation makes uses of leitmotif technique.
True
True or False. Copland film scores were more lush and romantic than lean and astringent.
False
Before working with Oscar Hammerstein II, Richard Rodgers’s most significant partner was:
a) Ira Gershwin
b) Cole Porter
c) Leonard Bernstein
d) Lorenz Hart
d) Lorenz Hart
The Stagecoach soundtrack was written by ____________ who had conducted at the Metropolitan Opera.
a) Richard Rodgers
b) Richard Hageman
c) Aaron Copland
d) Max Steiner
b) Richard Hageman
Copland’s pandiatonic style was indebted to which composer?
a) Stravinsky
b) Ruggles
c) Seeger
d) Cage
a) Stravinsky
True or False. South Pacific ran for 2, 248 performances on Broadway, surpassing all box-office records.
False
The rise of _____________ as a popular medium of art and entertainment was one of the most important cultural developments in the years between the world wars.
a) Radio
b) Motion Pictures
c) Swing Music
d) Musical comedies
b) Motion Pictures
Which musical was the first collaboration between Rodgers and Hammerstein II?
a) Oklahoma!
b) South Pacific
c) Carousel
d) The Sound of Music
a) Oklahoma!

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member