Music Appreciation Part 5

Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years
1820-1900
Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?
An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by
+using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands
+using their national legends as subject matter
+Basing their music on the folk songs of their country
all of the above
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
exoticism
Program music is
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ___ musicians.
100
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
rubato
All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except
Hector Berlioz
An important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
piano
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
Heinrich Heine
The form of “The Erlking” is
through-composed
The piano’s relentless rhythm in “The Erlking” unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the
galloping horse
Robert Schumann’s works are
+intensely autobiographical
+usually linked with descriptive titles, texts, or programs
+essentially lyrical in nature
all of the above
Robert Schumann’s “Carnaval” is a(n)
cycle of piano pieces
Clara Wieck Schumann was
+A composer
+A concert pianist
+A mother of a large family
all of the above
An ____ is a study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties.
etude
Chopin’s “Revolutionary Etude” in C Minor develops the pianist’s left hand because
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
The ___ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately procession for the Polish nobility.
polonaise
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
+had a charismatic personality
+was a stupendous performer
+was an innovative composer
all of the above
Liszt created the _____, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
symphonic poem
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
Johann Sebastian Bach
Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
soloist, who presents the main theme
Instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called ____ music.
program
Nonprogram music is also known as ____ music.
absolute
The symphonic poem, or tone poem, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas was developed by
Franz Liszt
The musical scores composed for moving pictures may be regarded as examples of ____ music.
incidental
The “Fantastic Symphony” reflects Berlioz’s
love for the actress Harriet Smithson
As one of the first great ____, Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians.
orchestral conductors
Berlioz’s “Fantastic Symphony” is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
idee fixe
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the “Fantastic Symphony” is the
“Dies irae”
Bedrich Smetana
was the founder of the Czech national music
Dvorak “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in the
African American spirituals
In the first movement of the “New World” Symphony, Dvorak
composed a theme that resembles “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot”
Which of the following is not a ballet by Tchaikovsky?
“Coppelia”
Tchaikovsy’s “Romeo and Juliet” is
a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form
Brahms’s works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
+Joseph Haydn
+Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
+Ludwig van Beethoven
all of the above
The soul of a Verdi opera is
expressive vocal melody
Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?
“Cavalleria rusticana”
Rigoletto, the title character in Giuseppe Verdi’s opera, is
+A hunchback
+A court jester to the duke of Mantua
+The father of Gilda
all of the above
Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini?
“Aida”
The movement in opera known as “verismo” is best exemplified by
Giacomo Puccini
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in Puccini’s “La Boheme” because she has come to his door to ask for a
light for her candle
Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because
+there is a continuous musical flow within each act
+there are no breaks where applause can interrupt
+the vocal line is inspired by the rhythms and pitches of the German text
All of the above
Richard Wagner spins an orchestral web out of recurrent musical themes called
leitmotifs
Siegmund, in Wagner’s opera “Die Walkure”, is
+Sieglinde’s brother, then wife
+Wotan’s son by a mortal woman
+Siegfried’s father
all of the above
Romantic style flourished in music during the period
1820-1900
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of romanticism?
emotional restraint
Which of the following composers is NOT associated with the romantic period?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is called
nationalism
Instrumental music that is associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene is called ____ music.
program
The orchestra in the romantic period
was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra
A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo, characteristically employed in the performance of much romantic music, is
rubato
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Ludwig van Beethoven
An art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano
When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem the form is known as
strophic
When a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem the form is known as
through-composed
“The Erlking”, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of
death
Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and
mazurkas
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the
nocturne
The symphonic poem, or tone poem, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas, was created by
Franz Liszt
Liszt’s piano works are characterized by
+An unprecedented range of dynamics
+Rapid octaves and daring leaps
+Arpeggios
All of the above
The opening of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin in E minor is unusual in that
the main theme is presented by the soloist
Instrumental music written for its own sake, and for which the composer did not intend a program, is called
absolute music
Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of
incidental music
Which of the following statements is NOT true of Berlioz’s “Fantastic Symphony”?
The fourth movement depicts a dream of a witches’ sabbath
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s “Fantastic Symphony” are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
idee fixe
The founder of Czech national music was
Bedrich Smetana
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
Moldau
Antonin Dvorak’s “Symphony No. 9”
+Is his most famous work
+Is subtitled “From the New World”
+Glorifies Czech and American folk spirits
All of the above
In the first movement of the “New World” Symphony, Dvorak introduces a gracious melody that resembles the spiritual
“Swing Low, Sweet Chariot”
Tchaikovsky’s “Romeo and Juliet” is a(n)
concert overture
Brahms created masterpieces in all the traditional forms except
opera
Verdi’s first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
“Nabucco”
The famous aria “La donna e mobile” is taken from Giuseppe Verdi’s opera
“Rigoletto”
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
verismo
Giacomo Puccini’s “La Boheme” takes place in
Paris
The librettos to “The Ring of the Nibelung” were written by
Richard Wagner
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called
leitmotif
At the end of the first act of Richard Wagner’s opera “Die Walkure”,
+Sieglinde recognizes the stranger as her brother and renames him Siegmund
+Siegmund draws the magical sword “Notung” from the tree
+Siegmund embraces Sieglinde with passionate fervor
All of the above