Music Appreciation Middle Ages

question

Church modes (68)
answer

scales containing seven tones with an eighth tone duplicating the first an octave higher, but with patterns of whole and half steps different from major and minor scales; used in medieval, Renaissance, and twentieth-century music an in folk music
question

Drone (71)
answer

consists of one or more long, sustained tones accompanying a melody
question

Troubadors (73)
answer

during the Middle Ages, poet-musician who lived in southern France and wrote poems in the Provencal Language
question

Polyphony
answer

when you hear 2 more melodic lines of relatively equal interest, at the same time
question

Estampie (74-75)
answer

a medieval dance that is one of the earliest surviving forms of instrumental music
question

What does “Middle Ages” mean? “in between time”
answer

the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), or, more narrowly, from c. 1100 to 1453.
question

People had deep religious faith-Christianity governed everything. Every human activity was subject to religious scrutiny
answer

question

No meter or barlines were used in medieval music (look at the music on pg. 69, and compare with modern music on pg 71)
answer

question

Secular songs, rather than sacred songs, showed the very first signs of polyphony
answer

question

What years did the Middle Ages span?
answer

450-1450
question

What were the 3 main social classes during the Middle Ages? (62)
answer

Nobility , peasantry, and clergy
question

What was the gravest crime during the Middle Ages?
answer

heresy
question

What was the Vocation (career) of most important musicians? What institution did they work for? (67)
answer

They worked for the church and their career was liturgical singing
question

Why did the church frown on instruments in the early Middle Ages? (67)
answer

because of their role in pagan rites
question

What has been the official music of the Roman Catholic Church for over 1,000 years? (67)…It consists of the following 3 things: (1) melody set to sacred Latin texts (2) it is sung without accompaniment, which means voices only are used (3) the texture is monophonic, which means that it is a single line-just a melody
answer

Gregorian chant
question

Who is Gregorian chant named after?
answer

Pope Gregory I (The Great)
question

For centuries, most western music had a single melodic line (monophonic). Between 700 and 900, the revolution known as organum began to transform western music. This means that 2 or more lines were now used in music, rather than just 1. That is real progress, don’t you think?
answer

question

What is the term for Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines? (76)
answer

organum
question

What city became the intellectual and artistic capital of Europe after 1150? (76)
answer

Paris
question

Why is measured rhythm important as a “first” in music history? (76-77)
answer

question

The Agnus Dei is a prayer for (79)
answer

mercy and peace
question

Fact
answer

Secular (non-church) music become more important/popular than sacred music in the fourteenth century because of the 100 Years’ War, The Back death plague, and the weakening of the Catholic Church

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member