Music Appreciation Final Exam: Chapters 1 & 2

A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:
a. an interval
b. a melody
c. a harmony
d. a chord

A unit of meaning within the larger structure of a melody is called a:
a. phrase
b. stanza
c. cadence
d. climax

Musical punctuation, which is similar to a comma or period in a sentence, is called a:
a. cadence
b. syncopation
c. chord
d. scale

The striking emotional effect created by the high point in a melodic line is called the:
a. cadence
b. countermelody
c. climax
d. range

Music is propelled forward in time by:
a. harmony
b. rhythm
c. texture
d. timbre

The basic unit of rhythm that divides time into equal segments is called the:
a. meter
b. syncopation
c. beat
d. accent

Beats that are more strongly emphasized than others is said to be:
a. minor
b. major
c. accented
d. metrical

Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called:
a. offbeats
b. meters
c. syncopations
d. metrical

In triple meter, the strongest pulse occurs on:
a. the first beat
b. the second beat
c. the third beat
d. all beats equally

The patriotic song “America” is an example of:
a. duple meter
b. triple meter
c. quadruple meter
d. compound meter

The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patterns is called:
a. polyrhythm
b. syncopation
c. additive meter
d. compound meter

Music that moves without a strong sense of beat or meter is called:
a. compound
b. additive
c. non metric
d. irregular

The distance and relationship between two tones is referred to as a:
a. interval
b. scale
c. octave
d. chord

Of the following, which does NOT describe a dissonance?:
a. it is a discordant sound
b. it creates a need for resolution
c. it sustains a sense of stability
d. it creates tension

Should a composer write a film score for a horror movie, we might reasonably expect that the harmony would include a great deal of:
a. syncopation
b. conjunct motion
c. consonance
d. dissonance

On the piano, the black key between the white keys C and D is called:
a. C-sharp or D-flat
b. C-flat or B
c. D-sharp or E
d. none of the above

Tonality means that we hear a piece of music in relation to a central tone, called the:
a. dominant
b. subdominant
c. scale
d. tonic

The principle of organization whereby we hear a piece of music in relation to a central tone is called:
a. tonality
b. transposition
c. modulation
d. chromaticism

Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scale is called:
a. chromatic
b. diatonic
c. modal
d. transposed

With which era is chromatic music most frequently associated?:
a. Romantic
b. Renaissance
c. Classical
d. Middle Ages

The dominant chord is represented by the symbol _______:
a. I
b. IV
c. V
d. VII

When a melody is transposed into another key, what remains the same?:
a. the pitch level of the melody
b. the key note, or sonic, of the melody
c. the shape of the melodic line
d. the number of sharps or flats

The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice then restated in another is called:
a. inversion
b. diminution
c. retrograde
d. imitation

A composition with strict imitation throughout is called a(n):
a. canon.
b. augmentation.
c. retrograde.
d. sequence.

The form based on a statement and a departure without a return to the complete opening statement is called:
a. binary.
b. variation.
c. ternary.
d. repetition.

The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called a(n):
a. motive.
b. theme.
c. sequence.
d. ostinato.

The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called a:
a. motive.
b. canon.
c. sequence.
d. cadence

The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:
a. meter.
b. movement.
c. tempo.
d. mood.

Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo?
a. grave
b. presto
c. largo
d. adagio

Which of the following tempo markings is the fastest?
a. presto
b. moderato
c. vivace
d. allegro

Which of the following dynamic markings is the softest?:
a. pianissimo (pp)
b. mezzo piano (mp)
c. piano (p)
d. mezzo forte (mf )

Which of the following symbols indicates growing louder?
a. >
b. < c. mp d. mf

Rhymed units in poetry are called:
a. strophes.
b. lyrics.
c. choruses.
d. cadences.

The term “refrain” refers to:
a. a central idea in the text.
b. the avoidance of repetition.
c. the beginning and ending of a poem.
d. words and music that repeat in a poem.

A mechanism that generates musical vibrations and launches them into the air is called a(n):
a. mute.
b. baton.
c. podium.
d. instrument.

The generally accepted term for the high male vocal range is:
a. bass.
b. alto.
c. tenor.
d. soprano

Which of the following musical instruments is NOT a chordophone?:
a. violin
b. bagpipes
c. guitar
d. yangquin

How do performers cause idiophones to produce sound?:
a. by making a string vibrate
b. by setting a column of air to vibrating
c. by shaking, scraping, or striking the instrument itself
d. by striking a tightly stretched membrane

Drum-type instruments fall into the category of:
a. aerophones.
b. idiophones.
c. chordophones
d. membranophones

The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking a string with the finger is called:
a. vibrato.
b. pizzicato.
c. glissando.
d. tremolo.

The device placed on the bridge of string instruments to muffle the sound is called a:
a. reed.
b. bow.
c. double reed.
d. mute.

Which of the following instruments is most likely played by a rock musician?:
a. acoustic guitar
b. hollow-bodied electric guitar
c. solid-bodied electric guitar
d. mandolin

Woodwind instruments:
a. are all made of wood.
b. are all played with a wooden reed.
c. all have a woody tone quality.
d. all consist of a pipe with holes.

The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessing a brilliant timbre is the:
a. trumpet.
b. clarinet.
c. French horn.
d. violin.

The percussion family comprises a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:
a. strumming.
b. plucking.
c. blowing air.
d. striking or shaking.

Timpani are members of the ________ family of instruments:
a. string
b. percussion
c. brass
d. woodwind

The term band refers to a:
a. rock group
b. a jazz group.
c. a marching ensemble.
d. all of the above

A jazz group is normal made up of:
a. woodwind instruments
b. brass instruments
c. percussion instruments
d. all of the above

Which meter would be conducted in a down-right-up pattern?:
a. duple
b. triple
c. quadruple
d. sextuple

Which of the following is a pitched percussion instrument?:
a. xylophone
b. snare drum
c. bass drum
d. gong

Musical style is best defined as:
a. the characteristic manner of presentation of a work.
b. the succession of dynamics from beginning to end of a work.
c. the shape of the melody line in a work.
d. the harmonies of a work.

The approximate dates for the Renaissance era are:
a. 1150-1450.
b. 1600-1750.
c. 1450-1600.
d. 1725-1775

The Classical period:
a. followed antiquity and preceded the Middle Ages.
b. followed the Renaissance and preceded the Baroque.
c. followed the Baroque and preceded the Romantic era.
d. followed the Romantic era and preceded the twentieth century.

Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?:
a. monophonic texture
b. triadic harmonies
c. free verse rhythm
d. generally conjunct motion

Gregorian chant used scale patterns called:
a. melismas.
b. neumes.
c. motets.
d. modes.

The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts Christ’s Last Supper is:
a. Vespers.
b. the Mass.
c. Matins.
d. the Office

The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
a. the Proper.
b. the liturgy.
c. the Ordinary.
d. none of the above.

Of the following, which does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?:
a. living in quiet seclusion
b. being at the center of trade and commerce
c. devotion to prayer, scholarship, and charity
d. participating in teaching and hospital work

Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?:
a. Hildegard of Bingen
b. Eleanor of Aquitaine
c. Isabella d’Este
d. Lucrezia Borgia

In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?:
a. Mass Ordinary
b. Office
c. Mass Proper
d. liturgical drama

In what era did the development of polyphony begin to emerge?:
a. Renaissance
b. Ars Nova
c. Dark Ages
d. Romanesque Era

In what era did composers begin to be recognized?:
a. renaissance
b. gothic
c. dark ages
d. ars nova

The earliest type of polyphony was:
a. plainsong
b. organum
c. the motet
d. none of the above

Polyphony required the development of:
a. new musical instruments
b. new melodic modes
c. more precise notation
d. new performance

The first major center of polyphony was:
a. St. Peters in Rome
b. Westminster Abbey
c. Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
d. St. Mark’s in Venice

The sacred texts of Isalm is called the:
a. Quran
b. Adhan
c. Magam
d. Siyer

In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called:
a. Minnesingers
b. troubadours
c. minstrels
d. trobairitz

The tradition of troubadours and trouveres developed in:
a. france
b. italy
c. england
d. the middle east

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called:
a. motet
b. goliard song
c. estampie
d. chanson

Of the following, which is NOT a fixed poetic form?:
a. rondeau
b. ballade
c. virelai
d. motet

Who composed the chanson “Ma fin est mon commencement”?:
a. Machaut
b. Vaquerias
c. Leonin
d. Hildegard

What is the form of a rondeau?:
a. A-B-B
b. A-b-b-a-A
c. A-A-B
d. A-B-a-A-a-b-A-B

Of the following, which does NOT characterize the carol?:
a. set for two or three voices
b. originally a dance song
c. often associated with Christmas
d. subject was secular

In a carol, a repeated section of music and text was called:
a. a burden.
b. a strophe.
c. a coda.
d. a rondeau.

Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
a. high or low.
b. soft or loud.
c. string or wind.
d. folk or aristocratic.

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:
a. the sackbut.
b. the shawm.
c. the cornetto.
d. the nakers.

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
a. Gregorian chant
b. hymns
c. motets
d. chansons

What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music?:
a. imitative
b. monophonic
c. homorhythmic
d. heterophonic

Which of the following make up the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?
a. Introit, Gradual, Ite missa est, Agnus Dei
b. Kyrie, Collect, Epistle, Gradual
c. Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
d. Agnus Dei, Magnificat, Dies irae, Kyrie

Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?
a. the Credo
c. the Kyrie
b. the Gloria
d. the Sanctus

Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of:
a. a Mass.
b. a chanson.
c. a motet.
d. a madrigal

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:
a. the Crusades.
b. the Counter-Reformation.
c. the Reformation.
d. the Thirty Years’ War.

The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:
a. word-painting.
b. imagery.
c. a cappella.
d. chromaticism.

Why does Josquin’s chanson Mille regretz have the sound of sacred music?:
a. It is sung a cappella.
b. It uses a church mode.
c. It has imitation.
d. all of the above

Madrigals with simpler and more accessible texts were especially favored in:
a. Germany.
b. France.
c. Italy.
d. England.

Which best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis?:
a. devotional and moralizing
b. pastoral and light
c. courtly and idealized
d. bombastic and heavy

Of the following, which is a stately court dance?:
a. pavane
b. galliard
c. saltarello
d. allemande

Of the following, which is an Italian jumping dance?
a. pavane
b. galliard
c. saltarello
d. allemande

The Venetian style of multiple choirs was developed:
a. for outdoor concerts.
b. at St. Mark’s Cathedral.
c. at newly created opera houses.
d. for festive court entertainments.

Of the following, which does NOT characterize Gabrieli’s Canzona septimi toni?
a. written for two choirs of instruments
b. requires antiphonal playing
c. one sustained dynamic level
d. points to the emerging Baroque style

The style of a historical period is defined by:
a. its leading artist.
b. the total language of all its artists.
c. a single defining work.
d. its dominant musical critic.

________ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.:
a. Charlemagne
b. Pope Gregory
c. Léonin
d. Machau

A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:
a. syllabic.
b. melismatic.
c. neumatic.
d. modal.

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to five or six notes per syllable might be considered:
a. syllabic.
b. melismatic.
c. neumatic.
d. modal.

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called: a. the Proper.
b. the Gradual.
c. the Ordinary.
d. none of the above.

Until the mid-twentieth century, the primary language of the Mass was:
a. Hebrew
b. Italian
c. Greek
d. Latin

In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:
a. visions that foretold the future.
b. founding her own convent.
c. writing religious poetry.
d. all of the above.

Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:
a. the Ars antiqua.
b. the Renaissance.
c. the Ars nova.
d. Notre Dame polyphony.

The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
a. Machaut.
b. Chaucer.
c. Boccaccio.
d. Petrarch.

The key board instrument that appeared in the medieval era was the:
a. harpsichord.
b. organ.
c. piano.
d. clavichord.

The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
a. Word-painting.
b. a cantus firmus.
c. a cappella.
d. a saltarello.

Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?:
a. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
b. Saint Ignatius Loyola
c. Martin Luther
d. Ascanio Sforza

Where was the madrigal first developed?:
a. England
b. Italy
c. France
d. Germany

The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of:
a. the madrigal
b. the chanson
c. the motet
d. the anthem

Who is credited with inventing the printing press?:
a. Gutenburg
b. Petrucci
c. Chinese
d. Newton

Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?:
a. Paris
b. London
c. Rome
d. Antwerp

TRUE OR FALSE? – Secular music is generally intended for religious occasions.

The Renaissance is the earliest musical period in the Western tradition

TRUE OR FALSE? – A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.

TRUE OR FALSE? – An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris

TRUE OR FALSE? – Troubadours and trouvères were medieval poet-musicians.

TRUE OR FALSE? -Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.

TRUE OR FALSE? -During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered improper for ladies.

TRUE OR FALSE? – The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.

TRUE OR FALSE? – England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form.