Modules Quiz – Chapter 18: Social Change in the Global Community

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Maureen Hallinan, former president of the American Sociological Association, has been critical of the __________ of social change
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***** equilibrium model
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Talcott Parsons’ functionalist view of society as tending toward a state of stability or balance is known as
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the equilibrium model.
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Various religious groups and their followers are very upset about scientific advances in reproductive technology, such as birth control pills, abortion pills, in-vitro fertilization, and genetic engineering. This conflict between religious values and new scientific concepts illustrates
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culture lag
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Which term is used to refer to the ways in which a social movement utilizes such resources as money, political influence, access to the media, and personnel?
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resource mobilization
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Which theory of social change holds that society is moving in a definite direction?
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evolutionary theory
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Those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change and who have a stake in maintaining the status quo are called
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vested interests
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Which sociological perspective suggests that censorship is an ever-present danger that society’s most powerful groups will use to invade the privacy of the less powerful?
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Conflict perspective.
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Which sociological perspective would suggest that individuals, institutions, and societies will face unprecedented adaptive challenges in adjusting to the technological advances soon to come?
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WRONG – interactionist perspective, conflict
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By 2010, almost _______ people were connected to the Internet.
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2 billion
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Which sociological perspective criticizes the functionalist approach to social change for disregarding the crucial significance of change that is needed to correct social injustices and inequalities?
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Conflict
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Which sociological perspective would likely be interested in the labels attached to activists associated with a social movements such as a feminist student referred to as a \”bra burner\”?
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interactionist perspective
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Which of these statements is true?
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English is the most commonly used language on the Internet. Internet usage patterns are changing very quickly. Use of Chinese language on the Internet has increased 1,000 percent between 2009 and 2008.
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Which is the second most used language on the Internet?
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Chinese
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Which one of the following is an example of a new social movement?
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an environmental social movement that focuses on the interconnection of all the world’s people and resources
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When did sociologists start to become interested in the transnational phenomenon?
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WRONG the 1960, 1970
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What term do we use to refer to the act of using existing advertisements and the other public media as a vehicle for protesting the institutions that created them?
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culture jamming
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Which sociological perspective views transnationals as a way for economies to maximize their use of human labor?
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functionalism
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Which sociological perspective would suggest that the Internet serves the manifest function of facilitating communication?
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functionalist
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Which sociological perspective would be most likely to study the bestowal of status that activists assume in their new social roles created through social movements?
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interactionist perspective
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The PATRIOT Act allows federal officials more latitude in
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gathering electronic data, like banking records.
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Organized collective activities that address values and social identities as well as improvements in the quality of life are called
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WRONG – resource mobilization
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Which of the following would be an example of a \”social movement\”?
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all
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Which of these statements is true?
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When it comes to Internet access, there is a global pattern of inequality. Almost all of the world’s Internet hosts are located in Europe and North America. World systems theory can be applied to information technology issues.
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Immigrants who sustain multiple social relationships that link their societies of origin with their societies of settlement are known as
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transnationals
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The most all-encompassing type of collective behavior is/are
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social movements
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The Electronic Communications Privacy Act, which passed in 1986, requires the authorization of a U.S. attorney general and then the approval of a federal judge before surveillance of
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telephone calls.
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A group of students is incorrectly labeled by the school system as \”slow learners.\” Their teachers and parents have low expectations for them, and their academic progress is negligible. This situation would exemplify which one of Karl Marx’s concepts?
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false consciousness
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Social change is defined as
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significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture, including norms and values
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Which sociological perspective views transnational migration as having increased the economic gulf between developed and developing nations?
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WRONG interactionists
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Which of these statements about social change is true?
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Some people have a vested interest in resisting social change.
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Which term is used by sociologists to refer to organized collective activities aimed at bringing about fundamental changes in existing society?
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social movements
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A new technique of using technology to increase food production and to make agriculture more economical is called
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Genetically modified food
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The role of women in the family has changed dramatically within the U.S. during the last 50 years. Women have furthered their education and developed careers. This change in the family has necessitated adaptive changes in school systems, corporations, churches, and other facets of society to provide childcare services. This situation reflects which view of social change?
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WRONG – resource mobilization theory & the emergent-norm perspective
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Which term refers to the period of maladjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions?
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culture lag
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Which region of the world has the highest number of Internet users?
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WRONG – north america, europe
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Which of these has been a significant social event in recent decades, according to Maureen Hallinan?
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terrorism the collapse of communism the spread of AIDS
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Which term refers to the conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities?
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relative deprivation
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Critics of Nicholas Negroponte’s plan to cheaply provide his XO laptop to 1.2 billion children of the developing world have called the computer maker a
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cyberevangelist.
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For many unskilled workers, immigrating illegally to the U.S. involves an economic incentive that would be equivalent to earning ___________ a year for an American.
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WRONG – 50,000 & 100000
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Consistent with Immanuel Wallerstein’s world system analysis, peripheral nations connecting to the Internet are required to depend on industrial giants such as North America and Europe to serve as their
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Internet hosts.
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Which sociological perspective would likely suggest that members of new social movements tend to mobilize as they reject statements made by established authority figures, including scientists and technical authorities?
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conflict perspective
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One key feature of current consumer technologies is that
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they require more frequent updating.
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English language usage on the Internet grew by what percentage, between 2000 and 2009?
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252
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The Internet evolved from a computer system built by the U.S. Defense Department in
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1962
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For many people in the world, immigration involves
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making more money than would be possible in their native country. illegally entering a new country. not being able to return to their native country for one or more years.
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Which of the following illustrates relative deprivation?
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nomiddle management workers in a corporation who are discontented because they cannot afford the luxury cars or expensive homes that their bosses have
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False consciousness is defined as
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attitudes that do not reflect the objective position of workers.
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Which sociological perspective would likely stress that social movements should require leaders to sharpen the awareness of the oppressed, who may suffer from false consciousness?
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conflict perspective
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In the Dominican Republic, the prevalence of transnational emigration is evident in
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consumer goods bought with remittances AND billboards promoting phone rates to U.S.
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Rebellious craft workers in nineteenth-century England who destroyed new factory machinery as part of their resistance to the new industrial revolution were known as
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Luddites

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