MGT Ch. 14 Quiz

Flashcard maker : Robert Lollar
Research at three universities has confirmed that two basic leader behaviors, ______ and ______, are central to successful leadership.
initiating structure; consideration
Which of the following is the best leadership style for all situations?
a. country club management
b. authority-compliance
c. team management
d. middle of the road management
e. none of these
e. none of these
Fiedlers contingency theory assumes:
a. favorable situations permit leaders to influence group members
b. leaders should be judged according to how they perform–not how their subordinates perform
c. leadership styles cannot be matched to the proper situation
d. leaders can change their leadership styles to fit the situation
e. leaders are effective when their work groups perform well
e. Leaders are effective when their work groups perform well
The most important situational factor in Fieldler’s Contingency Theory is:
a. Procedural power
b. Task structure
c. Leader-member relations
d. Leader relations
e. Position power
c. Leader-member relations
Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler’s contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
a. teaching managers how to change situational favorableness
b. creating standing plans concerning leader actions and reactions
c. only hiring supervisors with appropriate leadership traits
d. arbitrary definition of situations
e. accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
e. accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
Which of the following is NOT one of the four leadership styles identified in the path-goal theory of leadership?
a. achievement-oriented
b. charismatic
c. supportive
d. participative
e. directive
b. charismatic
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, __________ means setting challenging goals, having high expectations of employees, and displaying confidence that employees will assume responsibility and put forth extraordinary effort.
Achievement oriented leadership
The Vroom-Yetton-Jago Model is another name for the:
Normative decision theory
Transactional leaders:
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior
____is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.
Leadership
Which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?
a. Leaders are critical to getting out the day-to-day work.
b. Managers are critical to inspiring employees and setting long-term direction.
c. Organizations need both leaders and managers.
d. All of these statements about leaders and managers are true.
e. Most organizations place greater emphasis on leadership than on management.
c. Organizations need both leaders and managers
Relatively stable characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives, or consistent patterns of behavior, form the basis for the ____ of leadership.
Trait theory
Which one of the following traits refers to high levels of effort and is characterized by achievement, motivation, ambition, energy, tenacity, and initiative?
a. desire to lead
b. Drive
c. motivational cues
d. Charisma
e. self-confidence
b. Drive
Successful business leaders are not like other people. Successful business leaders ____.
a. are knowledgeable about business
b. are accurately described by all of these
c. are self-confident
d. have a desire to lead
e. have emotional stability
b. are accurately described by all of these
Which of the following is another term for considerate leadership behavior?
a. initiating structure behavior
b. participative management
c. concern for production
d. employee-centered leadership
e. job-centered leadership
d. employee-centered leadership
Research shows that while initiating structure impacts primarily on ____, consideration impacts primarily on ____.
job performance; job satisfaction
Which of the following statements about the two basic leader behaviors that are central to successful leadership is true?

a. Most effective leaders select one behavior, adopt it, and maintain that style of leadership for their entire careers.
b. These behaviors are dependent, meaning that leaders can only do one at a time.
c. The worst leadership style entails the use of both behaviors in equal amounts.
d. These behaviors are referred to as initiating structure and consideration.
e. The best leadership style entails high levels of both of these behaviors.

d. These behaviors are referred to as initiating structure and consideration
Which of the following is an example of a situational theory of leadership?
a. stimulus-response theory
b. Fiedler’s contingency theory
c. equity theory of leadership
d. charismatic theory
e. trait theory
b. Fiedler’s contingency theory
Which of the following leadership theories assumes that leadership styles are consistent and difficult to change?
a. the Vroom theory
b. none of these
c. the status quo theory of leadership
d. path-goal theory
e. normative decision theory
b. none of these
In Fiedler’s contingency theory, the term ____ refers to the degree to which leaders are able to hire, fire, reward, and punish workers.
position power
In Fiedler’s contingency theory, the term ____ refers to the degree to which a particular situation either permits or denies a leader the chance to influence the behavior of group members.
situational favorableness
Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler’s contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
a. only hiring supervisors with appropriate leadership traits
b. accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
c. arbitrary definition of situations
d. creating standing plans concerning leader actions and reaction
e. teaching managers how to change situational favorableness
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
Which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency in path-goal theory?
a. subordinate experience
b. task structure
c. perceived ability
d. locus of control
e. subordinate performance
b. task structure
According to the path-goal theory, which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency?
a. the formal authority system
b. locus of control
c. focus of subordinate
d. perceived ability
e. subordinate satisfaction
a. the formal authority system
The normative decision theory ____.
a. states that the situation determines what leadership style to use
b. helps managers determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
c. assumes that certain inalienable characteristics determine the most effective leaders
d. assumes leader behavior can be fitted to subordinate characteristics
e. assumes leaders are generally unable to change their leadership style
b. helps managers determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
The two types of visionary leadership are ____.
charismatic leadership and transformational leadership
____ refers to the behavioral tendencies and personal characteristics of leaders that create an exceptionally strong relationship between them and their followers.
Charismatic leadership
Charismatic leaders generally ____.
*a. articulate a vision based on strongly held values*
b. model those values by acting in a way consistent with the vision
c. communicate high performance expectations to followers
d. display confidence in followers’ abilities to achieve the vision
e. all of these are true
e. all of these are true
Transformational leaders ____.
a. are able to make their followers feel they are a vital part of the organization
b. encourage followers to make sacrifices for the organization
c. help followers see how their jobs fit with the organization’s vision
d. get employees to see beyond their own needs for the good of the group
e. are accurately described by all of these
e. are accurately described by all of these
Transactional leaders ____.
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior

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