According to team leadership theory, the leader is primarily
B. A medium for processing information
In team leadership theory, two of the leader’s primary decisions are
B. To monitor or take action
McGrath describes diagnosing group deficiencies as part of
For leaders, McGrath’s critical leadership functions do not include which type of group leadership function?
C. Negating remedial action
According to Zaccaro, principled leadership influences team effectiveness through these processes:
B. Cognitive, motivational, affective, and integrative
Leadership decisions include all of the following except
B. Overt or covert
Team effectiveness is evaluated on these desired team outcomes:
A. Performance and development
Characteristics of team effectiveness include all of the following except
B. Relationship-driven structure
Internal relational leadership actions include all of these except
D. Networking and forming alliances
Which of the following is not one of the characteristics of team excellence, according to Larson and LaFasto:
C. Authoritative leadership
External leadership actions include:
What scholar(s) provided grounded research support for the group effectiveness approach?
A. Hackman and Walton
Hill’s model for team leadership suggests what number of leadership decisions a leader must make before taking leadership actions?
McGrath suggests preventing deleterious changes as part of
D. Executive action/external
Team leadership research started focusing on more than just outcomes in the
A criticism of the team leadership model is
C. It is too complex and isn’t practical for a growing number of team leaders
What scholar(s) studied real-life successful teams and found eight characteristics that were consistently associated with team excellence?
C. Larson and LaFasto
The team leadership model puts who or what in the driver’s seat of team effectiveness?
Team leaders need to construct a mental model to
A. Identify problems and solutions within the team
Liz is a team leader at a local grocery store. Recently, her boss said that she needs to address the negative attitudes of employees. To try and fix this problem, she has begun awarding gift-cards to employees who have great attitudes. What internal leadership intervention is Liz addressing?
C. Goal focusing
According to McGrath, “taking remedial action” is part of
B. Executive action/internal
Internal task leadership actions include all of the following except
What model attempts to integrate mediation and monitoring concepts with team effectiveness?
A. Team leadership model
Forecasting environmental changes fits into what quadrant of the critical leadership functions?
Examples of organizational teams can include all of the following except
D. Project manager
In the 1970s, popular press reported
A. Women were inferior to men when it came to leadership
What is not a result found by meta-analysis on characteristics and behaviors of female and male leaders?
C. Women evaluated favorably when they used directive or autocratic styles
A meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness of female and male leaders found all of these except
C. Men were more effective than women in government, and education organizations
In the area of human capital differences, what is not true for women?
D. They tend to self-select themselves out of leadership tracks
Factor(s) that contribute to leadership effectiveness and rise of female leaders include all of the following except
C. Higher effectiveness when the majority of subordinates are men
Research on transformational leadership did not find that
B. Greater negotiation power for women
Which of the following leadership traits or skills is more likely to belong to men than to women?
What does the term velvet ghetto refer to?
D. The field of human resource management
According to research, when a woman leader encounters gender-leader stereotypes, her likely response
D. Is to display a vulnerable response if the threats are combined
According to research, one way women can advance in leadership is
A. By blending individualized consideration with inspirational motivation
Due to researchers identifying problems with the term glass ceiling, an alternative metaphor now used is
B. Leadership labyrinth
Which of the following is not a cited reason for women’s underrepresentation in leadership roles?
In the “promoting leadership effectiveness” model, what is a listed goal at the interpersonal level?
A. Decreasing gender stereotypes
In 2008, what percentage of privately owned businesses were women-owned?
Which of the following statements is false?
B. Men earn more bachelor’s degrees than women
Human capital differences for women include all the following except
What scholar(s) used meta-analysis to research gender and leadership style?
A. Early and Carli
Norma and Joel work in a legal firm. They both are aware of a potential promotion coming up soon. In the last project they did, Joel put most of the paperwork on Norma, and she gladly took on the extra workload. However, when their boss was complimenting the project, Norma let Joel take the credit and acted as if they both did the same amount of work. This is an example of what advancement barrier for Norma?
Which of the following statements is true?
C. Women make up 50% of people in managerial/professional positions
Dora is in charge of the third-shift cashiers at 24-hour superstore. She has worked there for 5 years and recently found out there is an opportunity to make more money if she can move to the stock room and manage the employees there. Dora goes to her boss, Gary, and asks if she can be considered for the transfer and promotion. Gary tells Dora, “Sorry, we really need someone that can lift and throw stock around, so I’m going to give it to one of our guys.” What advancement barrier is Dora facing?
B. Gender stereotypes
Which of the following is not listed as a gender difference in the leadership labyrinth?
According to the leadership labyrinth, which of the following is a characteristic of prejudice?
What decade did researchers start paying attention to issues of gender and leadership?
What characteristic is considered a gender stereotype of women?
According to research, which of the following is not a described level of promoting leadership effectiveness?
C. Governmental level
Five cross-cultural competencies for leaders include all of the following except
D. Teaching the importance of one’s own culture to other cultures
A definition of culture does not include
A. Individual qualities
According to the GLOBE study, which of these is not a cultural dimension?
C. Division of labor
Global leadership behaviors include all of these except
A. Self-directive leadership
Universally desirable leadership attributes do not include
Universally undesirable leadership behaviors include all of the following except
Applications for culture and leadership do not include
D. Help maximize profit within a locally owned and operated organization
How many cultural dimensions did GLOBE researchers identify?
The cultural dimension in which organizations encourage and reward members for excellence is
D. Performance orientation
Who is(are) the most referenced researcher(s), identifying five major dimensions on which cultures differ?
Who developed five cross-cultural competencies for leaders?
A. Adler and Bartholomew
Who researched culture and leadership resulting in the GLOBE research program?
How many “country clusters” did GLOBE focus its findings on?
A strength of the GLOBE research study is that it includes ____ countries.
According to the text, the conceptualization of leadership used by GLOBE was derived in part from
B. Implicit leadership theory
A major factor in the need for increased cross-cultural awareness is
A. Increases of globalization
A criticism of the GLOBE research study, cited in the text, is
A. The way the study measured leadership