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Medical Terms Ch 8 SCTI

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Rhinitis
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Inflammation of the nose
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Pulmonary
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Refers to the lungs
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Pharyngitis
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Inflammation of the throat
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Chronic laryngitis
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Likely to cause aphonia
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Sputum
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Material raised from inflamed membranes of the respiratory
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Antitussive
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An agent that is used to prevent of relieve a cough
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Inspiration
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Breathing air into the lungs
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Orthopnea
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A repiratory condition in which there is discomfort in breathing in any position except sitting erect or standing
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Spirometry
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The measurement of the amount of air taken into and expelled from the lungs
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Aphasia
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The inability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs caused by improper functioning of the brain
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Embolism
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The sudden blocking of an artery by foreign material
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Pneumonia
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Inflammation of the lungs
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Alveoli
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Tiny air sacs through which the exchange of oxygen and cabon dioxide takes place
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Pharynx
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The throat
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Pulmonary Lobectomy
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Excision of a lob of the lung
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Trachyeotomy
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Incision of the windpipe through the skin and muscles of the neck overlying it
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Wheeze
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Whistling sound made during respiration
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Vital capacity
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The largest volume of air that can be expelled after maximal inspiration
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Diaphragm
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The muscular wall that separates the abdomen from the thoracic cavity
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Pleura
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Each lung is surrounded by a membrane
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Pneumocardial
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Pertains to the heart and lungs
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Pneumonitis
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Inflammation of the lungs
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Pulmonary edema
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Effusion of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lungs
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Epiglottis
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The lidlike structure that covers the voice box during the swallowing of food
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Asthma
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A respiratory condition characterized by paroxysmal dyspnea and wheezing
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Emphysema
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A chronic disease characterized by increased size of alveoli and destructive changes of their walls
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Endotracheal intubation
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The general name of the procedure in which a tube is placed through the mouth or nose , pharynx, and larynx into the trachea for the purpose of establishing an airway
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Pneumoconiosis
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A respiratory condition caused by inhalation of dust particles
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Apnea
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Absence of breathing
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Bronchiectasis
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Chronic dilation of the bronchi with a secondary infection that usually involves the lower part of the lung
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Laryngalgia
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Painful larynx
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Bronchoscopy
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Bronchoscopic examination
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Percutaneous lung
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Removal of small bits of tissue by puncture of the suspected lesion through the skin
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Paroxysmal
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Sudden, periodic attacks
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Phrenic
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Pertaining to the diaphragm
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Pneumohemothorax
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Air and blood in the pleural cavity
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Aphonia
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Absence of voice
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COPD
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A disease process that causes decreased abiliy of the lungs to perform their ventilatory function and can result from several other chronic disorders of the respiratory organs
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Tracheobronchial
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Pertaining to the windpipe and the bronchi
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Bradypnea
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Abnormally slow breathing
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Anoxia
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Deficiency of oxygen
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Atelectasis
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A collapsed or airless condition of the lungs
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Trachea
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The windpipe
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Silicosis
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A form of pneumoconiosis
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Thoracic
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Chest
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Rhinoplasty
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Plastic surgery of the nose
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Pleurisy
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The same as pleuritis
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Dyspnea
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Labored or difficult breathing
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Ventilator
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A machine for prolonged artificial respiration
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Pneumanectomy
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Removal of lung tissue
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Dysphonia
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A weak voice
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Hyperpnea or tachypnea
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Abnormally fast breathing
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Transtracheal
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Across the windpipe
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Hemothorax
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Blood in the pleural cavity
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Bronchitis
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Inflammation of the bronchi
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Eupnea
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Nomal respiration
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Pharyngeal
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Pertaining to the throat
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Tracheal
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Pertaining to the windpipe
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Bronchography
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Radiography of the bronchi
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Antihistamine
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medicine used to treat allergies and hypersensitive reactions and colds
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Asphyxiation
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killing by depriving of oxygen
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Effusion
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the passage of a gas under pressure through a tiny opening
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Orthopneic
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sitting upright or erect
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Thoracentesis
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surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space