Medical Terminology Terms Chapter 1

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Resection
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Process of cutting back (removal)
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Diagnosis
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Complete knowledge
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Erythrocyte
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Red blood cell
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Epigastric
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Pertaining to above the stomach
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Gynecology
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Study of woman’s diseases
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Leukocyte
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White blood cell
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Iatrogenic
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Pertaining to produced by treatment
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Hepatitis
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Inflammation of the liver
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Hypodermic
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Pertaining to under the skin
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Subhepatic
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Pertaining to below the liver
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Enteritis
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Inflammation of the small intestine
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Gastrectomy
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Removal of the stomach
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Neurology
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Study of nerves
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Anemia
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Blood condition of low numbers of erythrocytes or deficient hemoglobin in the red cell
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Gastritis
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Inflammation of the stomach
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Incision
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Process to cut into a part of the body
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Nephrology
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Study of the kidney
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Hematoma
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Mass of blood under the skin
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Laparotomy
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Process of cutting into the abdomen
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Dyspnea
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Difficult breathing
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Hematology
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Study of blood
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Cardiologist
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Specialist of the heart
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Osteomalacia
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softening of the bone
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Gastroscope
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Instrument of visual examination of the stomach
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Bradycardia
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Condition of a slow heart
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Laryngitis
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Inflammation of the larynx
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Dysuria
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Condition of painful urination
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Thoracentesis
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Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest
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Osteoarthritis
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Inflammation of bone and joints
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Craniostomy
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Process of cutting a hole into the skull
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Bilateral
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Pertaining to two sides
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Renal
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Pertaining to the kidney
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Nephrosis
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State of the kidney
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Myocardium
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Structure heart muscle
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Gastralgia
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Pain in the stomach
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Hepatitis
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Inflammation of the liver
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Angioma
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Tumor of a vessel
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Arteriostenosis
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Tightening of an artery
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Neuropathy
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Disease of the brain (or nerves)
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Endocarditis
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Inflammation of within the heart
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Hypogastric
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Pertaining to under the stomach
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Hysterectomy
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Process of cutting into the uterus
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Adenoma
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Tumor of a gland
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Adenitis
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Inflammation of a gland
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Arthritis
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Inflammation of a joint
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Biology
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Study of life
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Biopsy
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Viewing of life
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Carcinoma
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A cancerous tumor
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Cardiology
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Study of the heart
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Cephalic
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Pertaining to the head
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Excision
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To cut out
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Cerebral
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Pertaining to the cerebrum
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Incision
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The process of cutting into
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Endocrine
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Secreting within
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Cystoscopy
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The visual examination of the urinary bladder
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Cytology
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The study of cells
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Dermatitis
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Inflammation of the skin
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Hypodermic
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Pertaining to below the skin
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Electrocardiogram
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To record the electricity in the heart
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Electroencephalogram
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To record the electricity in the brain
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Enteritis
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Inflammation of the small intestine
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Erythrocyte
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Red cells
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Gastrectomy
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The removal of the stomach
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Gastrotomy
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To cut into the stomach
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Diagnosis
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The state of complete knowledge
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Prognosis
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The state of knowledge before
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Gynecology
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The study of women’s diseases
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Hematology
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The study of blood
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Hematoma
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A collection of blood
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Hepatitis
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Inflammation of the liver
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Iatrogenic
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Pertaining to treatment; Producing treatment; Produced by treatment; or Produced in treatment
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Leukocyte
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White cell
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Nephritis
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Inflammation of the kidney
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Nephrology
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The study of the kidney
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Neurology
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The study of nerves
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Oncology
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The study of tumors
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Oncologist
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One who specializes in tumors
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Ophthalmoscope
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Instrument for eye examination
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Osteitis
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Inflammation of the bone
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Osteoarthritis
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Degeneration of the bone
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Pathology
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The study of diseases
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Pathologist
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One who specializes in diseases
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Pediatric
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A children’s doctor
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Psychology
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The study of the mind
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Psychiatrist
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One who specializes in the mind
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Radiology
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The study of x-rays
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Renal
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Pertaining to the kidney
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Rhinitis
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Inflammation of the nose
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Sarcoma
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Tumor of flesh
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Thrombocyte
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Clot cell
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Urology
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The study of the urinary tract
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Cardiac
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Pertaining to the heart
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Neural
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Pertaining to the nerves
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Arthralgia
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Joint pain
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Neuralgia
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Nerve pain
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Nephrectomy
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Removal of the kidney
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Leukemia
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White blood condition
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Carcinogenic
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Produces cancerous; Pertaining to cancer
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Pathogenic
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Produces disease; Pertaining to disease
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Iatrogenic
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Produced by treatment
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Gastric
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Pertaining to the stomach
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Neurological
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Pertaining to the study of nerves
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Excision
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The process of removal
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Cystitis
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Inflammation of the urinary bladder
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Endocrinology
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The study of secreting within
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Hepatoma
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Liver tumor
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Biopsy
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Process of viewing life
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Nephrosis
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Kidney condition
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leukocytosis
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White cell condition
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Enteropathy
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Disease condition in the small intestine
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Adenopathy
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Gland disease condition
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Endoscopy
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Instrument to examine within
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Osteotomy
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Process of cutting bone
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Gastroenterology
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Process of studying the stomach and intestines
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Anemia
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Without blood condition
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Autopsy
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View of self; Examination of a dead body
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Endocrinologist
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Specialist of secreting within
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Epigastric
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Pertaining to above the stomach
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Epidermis
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Above the skin
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Hyperglycemia
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Excessive glucose blood condition
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Pericardium
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Surrounding heart tissue
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Retrocardiac
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Pertaining to behind the heart
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Subhepatic
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Pertaining to below the liver
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Transhepatic
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Pertaining to through the liver

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