Medical Terminology Terms Chapter 1

Resection
Process of cutting back (removal)

Diagnosis
Complete knowledge

Erythrocyte
Red blood cell

Epigastric
Pertaining to above the stomach

Gynecology
Study of woman’s diseases

Leukocyte
White blood cell

Iatrogenic
Pertaining to produced by treatment

Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver

Hypodermic
Pertaining to under the skin

Subhepatic
Pertaining to below the liver

Enteritis
Inflammation of the small intestine

Gastrectomy
Removal of the stomach

Neurology
Study of nerves

Anemia
Blood condition of low numbers of erythrocytes or deficient hemoglobin in the red cell

Gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach

Incision
Process to cut into a part of the body

Nephrology
Study of the kidney

Hematoma
Mass of blood under the skin

Laparotomy
Process of cutting into the abdomen

Dyspnea
Difficult breathing

Hematology
Study of blood

Cardiologist
Specialist of the heart

Osteomalacia
softening of the bone

Gastroscope
Instrument of visual examination of the stomach

Bradycardia
Condition of a slow heart

Laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx

Dysuria
Condition of painful urination

Thoracentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

Osteoarthritis
Inflammation of bone and joints

Craniostomy
Process of cutting a hole into the skull

Bilateral
Pertaining to two sides

Renal
Pertaining to the kidney

Nephrosis
State of the kidney

Myocardium
Structure heart muscle

Gastralgia
Pain in the stomach

Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver

Angioma
Tumor of a vessel

Arteriostenosis
Tightening of an artery

Neuropathy
Disease of the brain (or nerves)

Endocarditis
Inflammation of within the heart

Hypogastric
Pertaining to under the stomach

Hysterectomy
Process of cutting into the uterus

Adenoma
Tumor of a gland

Adenitis
Inflammation of a gland

Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint

Biology
Study of life

Biopsy
Viewing of life

Carcinoma
A cancerous tumor

Cardiology
Study of the heart

Cephalic
Pertaining to the head

Excision
To cut out

Cerebral
Pertaining to the cerebrum

Incision
The process of cutting into

Endocrine
Secreting within

Cystoscopy
The visual examination of the urinary bladder

Cytology
The study of cells

Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin

Hypodermic
Pertaining to below the skin

Electrocardiogram
To record the electricity in the heart

Electroencephalogram
To record the electricity in the brain

Enteritis
Inflammation of the small intestine

Erythrocyte
Red cells

Gastrectomy
The removal of the stomach

Gastrotomy
To cut into the stomach

Diagnosis
The state of complete knowledge

Prognosis
The state of knowledge before

Gynecology
The study of women’s diseases

Hematology
The study of blood

Hematoma
A collection of blood

Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver

Iatrogenic
Pertaining to treatment; Producing treatment; Produced by treatment; or Produced in treatment

Leukocyte
White cell

Nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney

Nephrology
The study of the kidney

Neurology
The study of nerves

Oncology
The study of tumors

Oncologist
One who specializes in tumors

Ophthalmoscope
Instrument for eye examination

Osteitis
Inflammation of the bone

Osteoarthritis
Degeneration of the bone

Pathology
The study of diseases

Pathologist
One who specializes in diseases

Pediatric
A children’s doctor

Psychology
The study of the mind

Psychiatrist
One who specializes in the mind

Radiology
The study of x-rays

Renal
Pertaining to the kidney

Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nose

Sarcoma
Tumor of flesh

Thrombocyte
Clot cell

Urology
The study of the urinary tract

Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart

Neural
Pertaining to the nerves

Arthralgia
Joint pain

Neuralgia
Nerve pain

Nephrectomy
Removal of the kidney

Leukemia
White blood condition

Carcinogenic
Produces cancerous; Pertaining to cancer

Pathogenic
Produces disease; Pertaining to disease

Iatrogenic
Produced by treatment

Gastric
Pertaining to the stomach

Neurological
Pertaining to the study of nerves

Excision
The process of removal

Cystitis
Inflammation of the urinary bladder

Endocrinology
The study of secreting within

Hepatoma
Liver tumor

Biopsy
Process of viewing life

Nephrosis
Kidney condition

leukocytosis
White cell condition

Enteropathy
Disease condition in the small intestine

Adenopathy
Gland disease condition

Endoscopy
Instrument to examine within

Osteotomy
Process of cutting bone

Gastroenterology
Process of studying the stomach and intestines

Anemia
Without blood condition

Autopsy
View of self; Examination of a dead body

Endocrinologist
Specialist of secreting within

Epigastric
Pertaining to above the stomach

Epidermis
Above the skin

Hyperglycemia
Excessive glucose blood condition

Pericardium
Surrounding heart tissue

Retrocardiac
Pertaining to behind the heart

Subhepatic
Pertaining to below the liver

Transhepatic
Pertaining to through the liver

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