MCAT Psychology / Sociology Appendix B

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Types of Social Institutions
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Government Education Family Religion Culture Economy
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Types of Demographics
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Age Fertility Ethnicity Education
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Functionalism
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Oldest sociological theory \”living organism\” – many parts Different purposes & contributions
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Types of Social mobility
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1. Upward mobility 2. Downward mobility 3. Intergenerational mobility 4. Intragenerational mobility 5. Meritocracy
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Social Stratification systems
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1. Class system 2. Caste system 3. Meritocracy
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Social reproduction
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structures & activities within a society that function to perpetuate the inequalities present 2 Mechanisms: cultural capital, social capital
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Cultural capital & Social capital
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BOTH = mechanisms by which an individual can promote social mobility Cultural capital: non-financial social assets (i.e. education) Social capital: social networks (\”old boys\”)

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