MAN 4164- FSU:- Chapter 3 – Flashcards

question
To improve strategic leadership, leaders can:
answer
identify weak points in the necessary skills required for thinking strategically and work toward correcting them.
question
An effective vision:
answer
question
Diane heads an event management company called Venus Inc. The company encourages an innovative and creative approach to work. Diane plans to co-create a vision. Which of the following steps should she apply to implement her plan?
answer
Diane should target a vision for a desired future.
question
In the context of using SUBSTITUTE for LEADERSHIP, which of the following factors tends to substitute for leader task orientation?
answer
Formalized RULES
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, which of the following activities refers to delegation in decision making?
answer
A leader permits the group to make a decision within prescribed limits
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, position power is low when the leader has:
answer
Little authority over subordinates and cannot evaluate their work
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, if SUBORDINATES have a high level of expertise in relation to a problem,
answer
more responsibility for the decision can be delegated to them.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader uses negative concepts to describe the least preferred coworker, he or she is considered a
answer
task-oriented leader
question
According to the PATH-GOAL theory of leadership, ________ involves planning, making schedules, setting performance goals and behavior standards, and stressing adherence to rules and regulations?
answer
Directive leadership
question
Which of the following things should leaders know in order to use FIEDLER'S CONTINGENCY THEORY of leadership?
answer
First, the leader should know whether he or she has a relationship-or task oriented style. Second, the leader should diagnose the situation and determine whether leader-member relations, task structure, and position power are FAVORABLE or unfavorable.
question
CONTINGENCY APPROACH to leadership states?
answer
approaches that seek to delineate the characteristics of situations and followers and examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively.
question
According to the SITUATIONAL THEORY OF LEADERSHIP, a leader with a(n)____ provides both task instruction and personal support, explains decisions, and gives followers a chance to ask questions and gain clarity about work tasks.
answer
COACHING LEADERSHIP STYLE
question
Which of the following statements is TRUE of the Vroom-Jago contingency model
answer
It tells the leader precisely the correct amount of participation by subordinates to use in making a particular decision.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency theory of leadership, in situations of intermediate favorability, a relationship-oriented leader?
answer
may be moderately well liked and have some power.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, a task-oriented leader performs better in situations of intermediate favorability because human relations skills are important for high group performance.
answer
False
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, the directing style reflects a low concern for both tasks and relationships.
answer
False
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, the personal characteristics of followers, which is a situational contingency, includes factors such as _____.
answer
motivation
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, creative, ill-defined tasks, such as research and development or strategic planning, have a low degree of task structure.
answer
TRUE
question
Directive leadership behavior, as described in the path-goal theory, is similar to the coaching or supporting style of leadership in the Hersey and Blanchard model.
answer
FALSE
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, which of the following does leader-member relations refer to?
answer
It refers to the group atmosphere and members' attitudes toward and acceptance of the leader.
question
According to the least preferred coworker (LPC) scale of Fiedler's model of leadership styles, if the leader describes the least preferred coworker using positive concepts, the leader:
answer
is relationship oriented
question
According to the situational model of leadership, a coaching leadership style works well when followers lack confidence, ability, and willingness to learn but possess the skills or experience for the job.
answer
FALSE
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader describes the least preferred coworker using positive concepts, he or she is considered relationship-oriented.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, when an incorrect reward is given to a subordinate, directive leadership behavior is used to change this
answer
FALSE
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a(n) _____ can be effective when followers have the necessary education, skills, and experience but might be insecure in their abilities and need some encouragement from the leader.
answer
Supporting leadership style
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, path clarification means that the leader works with subordinates to help them identify and learn the behaviors that will lead to successful task accomplishment and organizational rewards
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following leadership styles involves consulting with subordinates about decisions?
answer
Participative leadership
question
The contingencies most important to leadership are the situation and followers.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, if subordinates have a high level of expertise in relation to a problem, _____.
answer
more responsibility for the decision can be delegated to them
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, when a subordinate is unchallenged by a task, a(n) _____ is used to set higher goals.
answer
Achievement oriented leadership behavior
question
In the context of using substitutes for leadership, physical separation of leader and subordinate neutralizes both people-oriented and task-oriented leadership styles.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, _____ involves planning, making schedules, setting performance goals and behavior standards, and stressing adherence to rules and regulations.
answer
Directive leadership
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a leader with a(n) _____ provides little direction or support because complete responsibility for decisions and their implementation is turned over to followers.
answer
entrusting leadership style
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a leader with a(n) _____ provides detailed objectives and explicit instructions about how tasks should be accomplished.
answer
DIRECTING STYLE
question
An important contribution of Fiedler's research on the contingency model of leadership is that it:
answer
goes beyond the notion of leadership styles to try to show how styles fit a situation.
question
The Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership starts with the idea that a leader faces a problem that requires a solution?
answer
TRUE
question
In the context of using substitutes for leadership, which of the following factors tends to substitute for leader task orientation?
answer
Formalized rules
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following leadership styles stresses high-quality performance and improvement over current performance?
answer
Achievement oriented leadership
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader uses negative concepts to describe the least preferred coworker, he or she is considered a _____.
answer
task-oriented leader
question
According to Fiedler's contingency theory of leadership, which of the following statements is true of task-oriented leaders?
answer
They are more effective when a situation is highly unfavorable because a great deal of structure and task direction is needed
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, position power is low when the leader has:
answer
Little authority over subordinates and cannot evaluate their work.
question
In the context of the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following statements is true of supportive leadership?
answer
It involves showing concern for subordinates' well being and personal needs
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following situational contingencies consists of the educational level of subordinates and the quality of relationships among them?
answer
work-group characteristics
question
In the context of the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, the time-based model is to be used if time and efficiency are less important criteria than the opportunity to develop the thinking and decision-making skills of followers.
answer
FALSE
question
Which of the following statements is true of the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership?
answer
It tells the leader precisely the correct amount of participation by subordinates to use in making a particular decision.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, which of the following indicates a high degree of task structure?
answer
Routine tasks
question
A theory meaning one thing depends on other things?
answer
Contingency
question
Approaches that seek to delineate the characteristics of situations and followers and examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively?
answer
Contingency approaches
question
A model designed to diagnose whether a leader is task-oriented or relationship-oriented and match leader style to the situation
answer
Fiedler's contingency model
question
A situational characteristic that counteracts the leadership style and prevents the leader from displaying certain behaviors.
answer
Neutralizer
question
A contingency approach to leadership in which the leader's responsibility is to increase subordinates' motivation by clarifying the behaviors necessary for task accomplishment and rewards
answer
Path-goal theory
question
Hersey and Blanchard's extension of the leadership grid focusing on the characteristics of followers as the important elements of the situation, and consequently, of determining effective leader behavior.
answer
Situational theory
question
A situational variable that makes leadership unnecessary or redundant.
answer
Substitute
question
A contingency model that focuses on varying degrees of participative leadership, and how each level of participation influences quality and accountability of decisions
answer
Vroom-Jago contingency model
question
Which of the following statements is true of the contingency approach to leadership?
answer
The needs, maturity, and cohesiveness of followers have been identified as a key contingency
question
Which of the following statements is true of a mission?
answer
It defines the company's core values and reason for being.
question
A change that both produces a high strategic impact and is easy to execute would be:
answer
a leader's first choice for putting strategy into action.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic leadership?
answer
It involves the ability to work with others to initiate changes that will create a competitive advantage for the organization in the future.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.
question
A good vision brings out the best in people by:
answer
letting them be part of something bigger than themselves.
question
Which of the following is a difference between strategies and execution?
answer
Strategies are more important than execution in strategic leadership.
question
Freddie is the head of operations of Ambassador Inc. He aims to co-create a vision for his organization. Identify the appropriate step that should be applied by Freddie to fulfill his aim.
answer
Restrain writing from the heart, remembering that vision is not an emotional appeal to human needs.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic leadership?
answer
It involves the ability to work with others to initiate changes that will create a competitive advantage for the organization in the future.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.
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question
To improve strategic leadership, leaders can:
answer
identify weak points in the necessary skills required for thinking strategically and work toward correcting them.
question
An effective vision:
answer
question
Diane heads an event management company called Venus Inc. The company encourages an innovative and creative approach to work. Diane plans to co-create a vision. Which of the following steps should she apply to implement her plan?
answer
Diane should target a vision for a desired future.
question
In the context of using SUBSTITUTE for LEADERSHIP, which of the following factors tends to substitute for leader task orientation?
answer
Formalized RULES
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, which of the following activities refers to delegation in decision making?
answer
A leader permits the group to make a decision within prescribed limits
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, position power is low when the leader has:
answer
Little authority over subordinates and cannot evaluate their work
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, if SUBORDINATES have a high level of expertise in relation to a problem,
answer
more responsibility for the decision can be delegated to them.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader uses negative concepts to describe the least preferred coworker, he or she is considered a
answer
task-oriented leader
question
According to the PATH-GOAL theory of leadership, ________ involves planning, making schedules, setting performance goals and behavior standards, and stressing adherence to rules and regulations?
answer
Directive leadership
question
Which of the following things should leaders know in order to use FIEDLER'S CONTINGENCY THEORY of leadership?
answer
First, the leader should know whether he or she has a relationship-or task oriented style. Second, the leader should diagnose the situation and determine whether leader-member relations, task structure, and position power are FAVORABLE or unfavorable.
question
CONTINGENCY APPROACH to leadership states?
answer
approaches that seek to delineate the characteristics of situations and followers and examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively.
question
According to the SITUATIONAL THEORY OF LEADERSHIP, a leader with a(n)____ provides both task instruction and personal support, explains decisions, and gives followers a chance to ask questions and gain clarity about work tasks.
answer
COACHING LEADERSHIP STYLE
question
Which of the following statements is TRUE of the Vroom-Jago contingency model
answer
It tells the leader precisely the correct amount of participation by subordinates to use in making a particular decision.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency theory of leadership, in situations of intermediate favorability, a relationship-oriented leader?
answer
may be moderately well liked and have some power.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, a task-oriented leader performs better in situations of intermediate favorability because human relations skills are important for high group performance.
answer
False
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, the directing style reflects a low concern for both tasks and relationships.
answer
False
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, the personal characteristics of followers, which is a situational contingency, includes factors such as _____.
answer
motivation
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, creative, ill-defined tasks, such as research and development or strategic planning, have a low degree of task structure.
answer
TRUE
question
Directive leadership behavior, as described in the path-goal theory, is similar to the coaching or supporting style of leadership in the Hersey and Blanchard model.
answer
FALSE
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, which of the following does leader-member relations refer to?
answer
It refers to the group atmosphere and members' attitudes toward and acceptance of the leader.
question
According to the least preferred coworker (LPC) scale of Fiedler's model of leadership styles, if the leader describes the least preferred coworker using positive concepts, the leader:
answer
is relationship oriented
question
According to the situational model of leadership, a coaching leadership style works well when followers lack confidence, ability, and willingness to learn but possess the skills or experience for the job.
answer
FALSE
question
In the context of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader describes the least preferred coworker using positive concepts, he or she is considered relationship-oriented.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, when an incorrect reward is given to a subordinate, directive leadership behavior is used to change this
answer
FALSE
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a(n) _____ can be effective when followers have the necessary education, skills, and experience but might be insecure in their abilities and need some encouragement from the leader.
answer
Supporting leadership style
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, path clarification means that the leader works with subordinates to help them identify and learn the behaviors that will lead to successful task accomplishment and organizational rewards
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following leadership styles involves consulting with subordinates about decisions?
answer
Participative leadership
question
The contingencies most important to leadership are the situation and followers.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, if subordinates have a high level of expertise in relation to a problem, _____.
answer
more responsibility for the decision can be delegated to them
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, when a subordinate is unchallenged by a task, a(n) _____ is used to set higher goals.
answer
Achievement oriented leadership behavior
question
In the context of using substitutes for leadership, physical separation of leader and subordinate neutralizes both people-oriented and task-oriented leadership styles.
answer
TRUE
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, _____ involves planning, making schedules, setting performance goals and behavior standards, and stressing adherence to rules and regulations.
answer
Directive leadership
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a leader with a(n) _____ provides little direction or support because complete responsibility for decisions and their implementation is turned over to followers.
answer
entrusting leadership style
question
According to the situational theory of leadership, a leader with a(n) _____ provides detailed objectives and explicit instructions about how tasks should be accomplished.
answer
DIRECTING STYLE
question
An important contribution of Fiedler's research on the contingency model of leadership is that it:
answer
goes beyond the notion of leadership styles to try to show how styles fit a situation.
question
The Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership starts with the idea that a leader faces a problem that requires a solution?
answer
TRUE
question
In the context of using substitutes for leadership, which of the following factors tends to substitute for leader task orientation?
answer
Formalized rules
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following leadership styles stresses high-quality performance and improvement over current performance?
answer
Achievement oriented leadership
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, if a leader uses negative concepts to describe the least preferred coworker, he or she is considered a _____.
answer
task-oriented leader
question
According to Fiedler's contingency theory of leadership, which of the following statements is true of task-oriented leaders?
answer
They are more effective when a situation is highly unfavorable because a great deal of structure and task direction is needed
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, position power is low when the leader has:
answer
Little authority over subordinates and cannot evaluate their work.
question
In the context of the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following statements is true of supportive leadership?
answer
It involves showing concern for subordinates' well being and personal needs
question
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following situational contingencies consists of the educational level of subordinates and the quality of relationships among them?
answer
work-group characteristics
question
In the context of the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership, the time-based model is to be used if time and efficiency are less important criteria than the opportunity to develop the thinking and decision-making skills of followers.
answer
FALSE
question
Which of the following statements is true of the Vroom-Jago contingency model of leadership?
answer
It tells the leader precisely the correct amount of participation by subordinates to use in making a particular decision.
question
According to Fiedler's contingency model of leadership, which of the following indicates a high degree of task structure?
answer
Routine tasks
question
A theory meaning one thing depends on other things?
answer
Contingency
question
Approaches that seek to delineate the characteristics of situations and followers and examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively?
answer
Contingency approaches
question
A model designed to diagnose whether a leader is task-oriented or relationship-oriented and match leader style to the situation
answer
Fiedler's contingency model
question
A situational characteristic that counteracts the leadership style and prevents the leader from displaying certain behaviors.
answer
Neutralizer
question
A contingency approach to leadership in which the leader's responsibility is to increase subordinates' motivation by clarifying the behaviors necessary for task accomplishment and rewards
answer
Path-goal theory
question
Hersey and Blanchard's extension of the leadership grid focusing on the characteristics of followers as the important elements of the situation, and consequently, of determining effective leader behavior.
answer
Situational theory
question
A situational variable that makes leadership unnecessary or redundant.
answer
Substitute
question
A contingency model that focuses on varying degrees of participative leadership, and how each level of participation influences quality and accountability of decisions
answer
Vroom-Jago contingency model
question
Which of the following statements is true of the contingency approach to leadership?
answer
The needs, maturity, and cohesiveness of followers have been identified as a key contingency
question
Which of the following statements is true of a mission?
answer
It defines the company's core values and reason for being.
question
A change that both produces a high strategic impact and is easy to execute would be:
answer
a leader's first choice for putting strategy into action.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic leadership?
answer
It involves the ability to work with others to initiate changes that will create a competitive advantage for the organization in the future.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.
question
A good vision brings out the best in people by:
answer
letting them be part of something bigger than themselves.
question
Which of the following is a difference between strategies and execution?
answer
Strategies are more important than execution in strategic leadership.
question
Freddie is the head of operations of Ambassador Inc. He aims to co-create a vision for his organization. Identify the appropriate step that should be applied by Freddie to fulfill his aim.
answer
Restrain writing from the heart, remembering that vision is not an emotional appeal to human needs.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic leadership?
answer
It involves the ability to work with others to initiate changes that will create a competitive advantage for the organization in the future.
question
Which of the following statements is true of strategic thinkers?
answer
They examine problems or opportunities from many perspectives.