MAH Chapter 9

question

Why did the prohibition movement appeal to so many women?
answer

Women wouldn’t get beat by their husbands. Most guys were all ways drunk.
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What contribution did muckrakers make to the reform movement?
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Showed the people how bad things were.
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Contrast the goals of scientific management with other progressive reforms
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To make things better
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How did government change during the Progressive Era?
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elected not by party bosses
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Why did reformers seek to end Child labor?
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Children couldn’t be free and live plus it killing children
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Summarize the impact of the direct election of senators
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Senators selected by the people not by “party bosses”
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Progressive movement
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aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life
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Florence Kelley
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improved the lives of women and children
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prohibition
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banning of alcoholic beverages (WCTU)
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muckraker
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journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life
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scientific management
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studies to see just how quickly each task could be performed
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Robert M. La Follette
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” fighting Bob” led the way in regulating big business. served 3 terms as governor, target railroad industry
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initiative
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bill originated by people rather than lawmakers on the ballot
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referendum
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vote on the initiative
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recall
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enable voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term voters asked for it
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Seventeenth Amendment
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direct election of senators
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What kinds of job opportunities prompted more women to complete high school?
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Got better jobs
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What social and economic effects did higher education have one women?
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kept independents and applied skills to reform
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Why did suffragist leaders employ a three-parts strategy for gaining the right to vote?
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Go after 3 different ways then they might gain it
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NACW
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National Association of colored Women merging two earlier organizations, moral education of race with which we are identified
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Suffrage
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right to vote
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Susan B. Anthony
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leader of proponent of woman suffrage
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NAWSA
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National American Woman Suffrage Association, faced the liquor industry feared that women would vote, men simply feared the changing role
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What actions and characteristics of Teddy Roosevelt contributed to his reputation as the first modern president?
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youngest president ever at 42 years old, leadership, he says he will help he people, but won’t help if its bad things.
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What was significant about the way the 1902 coal strike was settled?
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10% pay hike, nine-hour work days
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What similarities did the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act share?
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have to label the meat, without the acts meat in harmful
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Summarize Roosevelt’s approach to environmental problems
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Roosevelt try to solve them only and he made it fair for everyone
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Upton Sinclair
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research for a novel in 1904, human conditions in the stockyard of Chicago. wrote “The Jungle”
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The Jungle
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wrote about Sinclair (1906) labor of men and women for profits
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Theodore Roosevelt
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nauseated by Sinclair’s account. President invited the author to visit him
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Square Deal
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see to it that the common people received
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Meat Inspection Act
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dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meat packer and created the program of federal meat inspection (1990’s)
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Pure Food and Drug Act
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halted the sale of contaminated food and medicines and called for truth in labeling
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conservatism
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them meant that some wilderness areas would be preserved while others would be developed for the common good
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NAACP
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National Association for the Advancement of colored people
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How did Taft’s appointee Richard Ballinger anger conservationists?
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Ballinger, who disapproved of conservationist controls on western lands, removed 1 million acres of forest and mining lands from the reserved list and returned it to the public domain
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What were the differences between Taft’s and Roosevelt’s campaign platforms?
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Taft- lowering tariffs, staple of the progressive agenda, Republican Roosevelt- 42 years old, people get want they want
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What might be one of Wilson’s first issues as president?
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Women are fighting about the right to vote
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Gifford Pinchot
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head of the U.S Forest Service under President Roosevelt, took a middle ground
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William Howard Taft
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run against William Jennings Bryan, by the Democrats for the third time
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Payne-Aldrich Tariff
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compromise that only moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill, believed Taft had abandoned progressiveness (the best Tariff bill the Republican party ever passed)
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Bull Moose Party
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after Roosevelt’s boast that he was “as strong as a bull moose” The party platform for the direct election of senators, and adoption in all stated
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Woodrow Wilson
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In the 1912 presidential election, they put forward as their candidate a reform governor of New Jersey. Gave Women the right to vote
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What was the impact of the 2 antitrust measures?
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Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, Sherman Antitrust Act of 1990
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Why were tariff reform and the Federal Reserve System important?
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They both had to do with money and banks
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Why do you think women won the right to vote in 1920, after earlier efforts had failed?
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They never gave up. They went back to jail several times. They were not going to let this go
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What actions of Wilson disappointed civil rights advocates?
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established a precedent as delivering the Sate of the Union message in person, block tariff reductions
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Carrie Chapman Catt
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NAWSA’s president, saw victor on the horizon
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Clayton Antitrust Act
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1914, specified that labor unions and farm organizations, sticks, picketing, boycotts all became legal
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Federal Trade Commission
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1914, “watchdog”, power to investigate possible violations of regulatory statutes, to require periodic reports from corporations, and to put an end to number of unfair business practices
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Federal Reserve System
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1923, roughly 70% of the nation’s banking resources were part, system still serves as the basis of the nation’s banking system
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Nineteenth Amendment
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1919, women the right to vote

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