Lesson Check up #18

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When people pressed their arms upward rather than downward while observing unfamiliar Chinese symbols, they subsequently rated these stimuli more positively. This best illustrates the impact of:
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latent learning
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Garcia and Koelling’s studies of taste aversion in rats demonstrated that classical conditioning is constrained by:
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biological predispositions
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The “psychic secretions” that interfered with Pavlov’s experiments on digestion were:
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conditioned responses
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Rats easily learn to associate nausea-producing radiation treatments with:
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novel tastes
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By pushing vending machine buttons, children often learn that this action is associated with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying:
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operant conditioning
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Humans most easily develop a conditioned aversion to alcohol if its taste is associated with
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nausea-producing food
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In order to assess whether Mrs. Webster had Alzheimer’s disease, researchers conditioned her blink in response to a sound that signaled the delivery of a puff of air directly toward her face. In this application of classical conditioning, the sound was a:
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Conditioned Stimulus
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John B. Watson considered himself to be a
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behaviorist
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A real estate agent showed Gavin several pictures of lakeshore property while they were eating a delicious, mouth-watering meal. Later, when Gavin was given a tour of the property, he drooled with delight. For Gavin, the lakeshore property was a
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Conditioned Response
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In classical conditioning, the ____ signals the impending occurrence of the ____
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CS; UCS
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Pavlov’s research on classical conditioning was important because:
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so many different species of animals, including humans, can be classically conditioned
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A person adhering to the cognitive perspective would be likely to emphasize that classical conditioning depends on:
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an organism’s expectation that a UCS will follow a CS
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A geometric figure is most likely to become sexually arousing if presented shortly _____ as appropriate ____
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before; UCS
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The idea that any perceivable neutral stimulus can serve as a CS was challenged by:
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Garcia and Koelling’s findings on taste aversion in rats
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A child’s slight fear at the sight of a hypodermic needle is a
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conditioned response

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