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lauer__ch 08__race, ethnic groups, and racism

question

When one makes people of other races feel excluded and unimportant it is called ________.
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marginalization
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In 2009, how many Americans identified themselves as multiracial?
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5.3 million
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While the United is considered a melting pot by some, others like to use the term _______.
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salad bowl
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Imposing a poll tax on black voters is an example of ________________.
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disfranchisement
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Segregation in schools was declared unconstitutional in ___________.
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1954
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Job inequality is maintained for minorities by practices at the ________ stages.
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A) job candidate B) job entry C) job promotion ******D) all of the above
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The median net worth of non-Hispanic white households is about _________ times that of black households.
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13
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In 2010, _____________ had the highest median household income.
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asians
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In 2010, _____________ had the lowest median household income.
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blacks
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The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the ________.
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declaration of independence
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In 2010, Latinos had the lowest median household income.
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false
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There are approximately 75 racist and neo-Nazi groups in the U.S.
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false
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A rigid, emotional attitude that legitimates discriminatory behavior toward people in a group is called discrimination.
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false
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The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the Bill of Rights.
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false
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According to the text, one of the four freedoms proclaimed by President Franklin Roosevelt was freedom from fear.
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true
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A group of people distinguished from other groups on the basis of certain biological characteristics is referred to as race.
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true
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While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, one in three black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
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true
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African Americans are often forced to pay more than whites for the same quality of housing.
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true
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Minorities are not as well represented in Congress as are whites.
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true
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Prejudice is mainly a U.S. problem most Europeans don’t combat.
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false
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A group of people distinguished from other groups on the basis of certain biological characteristics is referred to as __________.
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race
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People who have a shared historical and cultural background that leads them to identify with each other are called a ___________.
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ethnic group
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The belief that some racial groups are inherently inferior to others is referred to as _______.
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racism
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When one makes people of other races feel excluded and unimportant it is called ________.
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marginalization
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When one imputes racial problems to those of other races rather than to one’s own race it is called ___________.
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problematization
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When one continues to deny the existence of racism it is called ___________.
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containment
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According to the text, all human beings belong to one biological species; __________.
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homo sapiens
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By 2000, there were ___________ Americans, 2.4 percent of the population who were reported as multiracial.
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6.8 million
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The number of Americans who identified themselves as multiracial increased _____ from 1960 to 1990.
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tenfold
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According to the Census Bureau, between mid-2004 and mid-2005, about one out of every two people added to the population were _____________.
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hispanic
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While the United States is considered a melting pot by some, others like to use the term _______.
answer

salad bowl
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Disfranchisement is _____________________.
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denying a person the right to vote
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Segregation was declared unconstitutional in ___________.
answer

1964
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The case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka dealt with ___________.
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segregated schools
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Researchers estimate that for men born between 1965 and 1969 ___________ of African Americans will serve some time in prison by the time they are thirty.
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20%
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While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, _________ of black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
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one in three
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It is ___________________ that have the highest unemployment rates.
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american indians
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In 2004, the unemployment rate for American Indians was close to _________.
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46%
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It is ___________________ that have the lowest unemployment rates.
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whites
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Which of the following groups have the highest median net worth?
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whites
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In 2005, _______________ had 27.5 percent of their households earning over $100,000 a year.
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asians
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In 2005, _____________ had the highest median household income.
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asians
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In 2005, _____________ had the lowest median household income.
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blacks
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The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the ________.
answer

declaration of independence
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The median income of Asians in 2002 was ____________.
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52,291
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The probability of gaining certain advantages defined as desirable, such as long life and health is called _______________.
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life chances
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According to the text, one of the four freedoms proclaimed by President Franklin Roosevelt was freedom from ______________.
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fear
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An example of stealth racism is ______________________.
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taxis that refuse to pick up blacks
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Hidden or subtle acts of prejudice and discrimination that may be apparent only to the victim are called ____________.
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stealth racism
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The term \”dwb\” means ____________________.
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driving while black
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The fallacy of __________________ is used to defend an unjust social order.
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personal attacks
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According to a Gallup poll asking whether racial minorities have equal job opportunities as whites, 62 percent of Hispanics and _________ percent of African Americans said minorities do not have equal opportunities.
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81%
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A rigid, emotional attitude that legitimates discriminatory behavior toward people in a group is called _________________.
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prejudice
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In the text, which of the following countries scored highest on a prejudice scale?
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belgium
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All human beings belong to one biological species, ________________.
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homo sapiens
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Both the Asian American and the ___________ population are growing at much faster rates than the population as a whole.
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hispanic
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Part of the difference in the life expectancy of whites and blacks is the result of the high rate of __________for young black males.
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homicide
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Much of the increase in the American Indian population has been due to __________.
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switching
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According to Padilla from 1999, there were approximately __________ racist and neo-Nazi groups in the nation.
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400
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The number of whites continues to increase as a percentage of the American population.
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false
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Surveys report that while African Americans make less money then whites they are generally more happy than whites.
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false
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While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, one in three black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
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true
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According to the text, there are at least 36 different biological species of humans
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false
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According to a Gallup poll asking whether racial minorities have equal job opportunities as whites, 62 percent of Hispanics and 81 percent of African Americans said minorities do not have equal opportunities.
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true