lauer__ch 08__race, ethnic groups, and racism

Flashcard maker : Joel Boykin
When one makes people of other races feel excluded and unimportant it is called ________.
marginalization
In 2009, how many Americans identified themselves as multiracial?
5.3 million
While the United is considered a melting pot by some, others like to use the term _______.
salad bowl
Imposing a poll tax on black voters is an example of ________________.
disfranchisement
Segregation in schools was declared unconstitutional in ___________.
1954
Job inequality is maintained for minorities by practices at the ________ stages.
A) job candidate
B) job entry
C) job promotion
******D) all of the above
The median net worth of non-Hispanic white households is about _________ times that of black households.
13
In 2010, _____________ had the highest median household income.
asians
In 2010, _____________ had the lowest median household income.
blacks
The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the ________.
declaration of independence
In 2010, Latinos had the lowest median household income.
false
There are approximately 75 racist and neo-Nazi groups in the U.S.
false
A rigid, emotional attitude that legitimates discriminatory behavior toward people in a group is called discrimination.
false
The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the Bill of Rights.
false
According to the text, one of the four freedoms proclaimed by President Franklin Roosevelt was freedom from fear.
true
A group of people distinguished from other groups on the basis of certain biological characteristics is referred to as race.
true
While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, one in three black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
true
African Americans are often forced to pay more than whites for the same quality of housing.
true
Minorities are not as well represented in Congress as are whites.
true
Prejudice is mainly a U.S. problem most Europeans don’t combat.
false
A group of people distinguished from other groups on the basis of certain biological characteristics is referred to as __________.
race
People who have a shared historical and cultural background that leads them to identify with each other are called a ___________.
ethnic group
The belief that some racial groups are inherently inferior to others is referred to as _______.
racism
When one makes people of other races feel excluded and unimportant it is called ________.
marginalization
When one imputes racial problems to those of other races rather than to one’s own race it is called ___________.
problematization
When one continues to deny the existence of racism it is called ___________.
containment
According to the text, all human beings belong to one biological species; __________.
homo sapiens
By 2000, there were ___________ Americans, 2.4 percent of the population who were reported as multiracial.
6.8 million
The number of Americans who identified themselves as multiracial increased _____ from 1960 to 1990.
tenfold
According to the Census Bureau, between mid-2004 and mid-2005, about one out of every two people added to the population were _____________.
hispanic
While the United States is considered a melting pot by some, others like to use the term _______.
salad bowl
Disfranchisement is _____________________.
denying a person the right to vote
Segregation was declared unconstitutional in ___________.
1964
The case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka dealt with ___________.
segregated schools
Researchers estimate that for men born between 1965 and 1969 ___________ of African Americans will serve some time in prison by the time they are thirty.
20%
While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, _________ of black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
one in three
It is ___________________ that have the highest unemployment rates.
american indians
In 2004, the unemployment rate for American Indians was close to _________.
46%
It is ___________________ that have the lowest unemployment rates.
whites
Which of the following groups have the highest median net worth?
whites
In 2005, _______________ had 27.5 percent of their households earning over $100,000 a year.
asians
In 2005, _____________ had the highest median household income.
asians
In 2005, _____________ had the lowest median household income.
blacks
The right to \”life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness\” was affirmed in the ________.
declaration of independence
The median income of Asians in 2002 was ____________.
52,291
The probability of gaining certain advantages defined as desirable, such as long life and health is called _______________.
life chances
According to the text, one of the four freedoms proclaimed by President Franklin Roosevelt was freedom from ______________.
fear
An example of stealth racism is ______________________.
taxis that refuse to pick up blacks
Hidden or subtle acts of prejudice and discrimination that may be apparent only to the victim are called ____________.
stealth racism
The term \”dwb\” means ____________________.
driving while black
The fallacy of __________________ is used to defend an unjust social order.
personal attacks
According to a Gallup poll asking whether racial minorities have equal job opportunities as whites, 62 percent of Hispanics and _________ percent of African Americans said minorities do not have equal opportunities.
81%
A rigid, emotional attitude that legitimates discriminatory behavior toward people in a group is called _________________.
prejudice
In the text, which of the following countries scored highest on a prejudice scale?
belgium
All human beings belong to one biological species, ________________.
homo sapiens
Both the Asian American and the ___________ population are growing at much faster rates than the population as a whole.
hispanic
Part of the difference in the life expectancy of whites and blacks is the result of the high rate of __________for young black males.
homicide
Much of the increase in the American Indian population has been due to __________.
switching
According to Padilla from 1999, there were approximately __________ racist and neo-Nazi groups in the nation.
400
The number of whites continues to increase as a percentage of the American population.
false
Surveys report that while African Americans make less money then whites they are
generally more happy than whites.
false
While one in 17 white males will spend some time in prison, one in three black males will spend some time in prison during their lifetime.
true
According to the text, there are at least 36 different biological species of humans
false
According to a Gallup poll asking whether racial minorities have equal job opportunities as whites, 62 percent of Hispanics and 81 percent of African Americans said minorities do not have equal opportunities.
true

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