Last Exam (ch11-15)

Cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) are sometimes subject to criminal investigation because the
infant died of unexplained causes.
Giving up a child for adoption is an example of
reproductive loss.
Which of the following factors tend to reduce conflict between grieving couples who have lost a child by death? 1. open and honest communication. 2. expressing emotions in each other’s company. 3. holding positive views about the relationship. 4. having been married for more than five years.
1, 2 and 4
For bereaved spouses, contact with other widowed people can be helpful in coping with the loss because they can help each other
understand their feelings and learn to cope with them.
A major source of conflict among bereaved couples in coping with the death of a child relates to their
differences in beliefs, expectations, and grieving styles.
According to Erik Erikson, the last stage of psychosocial development is
maturity.
Which of the following is an example of psychic separation in situations involving a dying child?
Parents visit the child less often and stay a shorter time.
A psychological autopsy is
a method of determining a person’s state of mind prior to death.
People who engage in suicidal behavior tend to be
ambivalent about living or dying.
Which of the following forms the MOST deadly link with suicide?
substance abuse
It is estimated that for every death by suicide there are
25 attempts.
The term, “chronic suicide,” coined by Karl Menninger, refers to individuals who
destroy themselves by means of reckless living, such as drug or alcohol abuse.
Which of the following are among the insights associated with the psychological model of suicide? 1. The acute suicidal crisis is of relatively short duration. 2. Suicidal individuals are likely to be ambivalent about ending their lives. 3. Suicidal events tend to be dyadic. 4. Suicidal individuals are likely to lack normal moral values.
1, 2 and 3
According to Islamic tradition, funerals should be
simple.
In combat situations, most soldiers are motivated to fight because of their
will to survive.
Which of the following is NOT one of the questions posed by Robert Neimeyer about death anxiety
What situations are utilized for research?
The view of reality reflected in the ancient Chinese text known as the I Ching is that
the world of experience is constantly changing.
In ancient Greece, it was considered exceptional luck to die
at the peak of creativity.
Buddhism emphasizes the
impermanence of the self.
The Bible reflects ideas about death that are
modified over long periods of time
The term “bardo” refers to a(n)
intermediate or transitional state.
The ancient Hebrews praised righteous conduct because
it leads to harmony in the present life.
The Hebrew word She’ol refers to
the underworld of the dead.
According to the text, war creates a “phantom army” composed of
spouses, children, and parents who serve at home.
According to the text, in an article on the status of research and practice in thanatology, Herman Feifel points out that the:
fear of death is a monolithic variable.
Islamic teachings about death emphasize that
God determines a person’s lifespan.
In ancient Greece, to die young was considered
exceptional luck.
Robert Kastenbaum and Ruth Aisenberg cite evidence from psychology and behavioral therapy regarding positive reinforcement in reaching the conclusion that capital punishment
does little to improve the behavior of others.
In the 1960s, the therapeutic use of LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) was pioneered by Eric Kast with the goal of
easing the physical and mental pain experienced by dying patients.
Herman Feifel asserts that the death-awareness movement has
helped humanize medical relationships and health care.
Which Greek philosopher believed that, through purification, discipline, and successive rounds of births and deaths, the soul eventually merges with the divine?
Pythagoras
In homicide cases, which one of the following is considered LEAST important by the legal system
the killer’s life chances
Death education relates to
the past, the present, and the future.
Which of the following statements are usually true concerning the death of a parent? 1. the death of a mother is harder to cope with 2. the death of a father is harder to cope with 3. a mother’s death represents the loss of having “parents” because fathers tend to die before mothers 4. a father’s death represents the loss of having “parents” because mothers tend to die before fathers
1 and 3
As medically defined, stillbirth refers to the death of a child occurring between
the twentieth week of pregnancy and birth.
The 1989 explosion aboard the USS Iowa brought increased public attention to
psychological autopsies.
All of the following are definitions of suicide EXCEPT
behavior that seeks to solve an existential problem by making an attempt on the life of the other
All of the following are definitions of suicide
self-killing deriving from a person’s inability or refusal to accept the terms of the human condition

the act or instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally

the human act of self-inflicted, self-intentioned cessation

Coroners tend to list suicide as the cause of death
only when circumstances clearly justify such a determination.
According to the sociological model, sudden trauma or catastrophe may result in a type of suicide classified as
anomic suicide.
As a form of self-destructive behavior, suicide threats and attempts are associated with a
cry for help.
Which of the following are considered risk factors that influence suicidal behavior? 1. culture 2. personality 3. autogenic factors 4. biological factors
1, 2 and 4
In homicide cases, what are considered important by the legal system
the killer’s relationship with the victim

the killer’s motivation

the killer’s intentions

According to the analysis by Sam Keen, before a nation actually goes to war it must have
political propaganda that causes it to view the other nation as an enemy.
Traditional Hawaiian beliefs about the afterlife emphasize the
community.
In the life of the ancient Hebrews, a characteristic theme was
faith in a community with a common destiny.
Herman Feifel asserts that the death-awareness movement has
helped humanize medical relationships and health care.
How does the separation of civil and criminal law affect the modern system of justice?
Modern law views crime as acts committed against the state rather than as acts committed against individuals.
In a study of more than 300 homicides in a major American city, it was found that half of the
suspects were released before trial.
What the questions are posed by Robert Neimeyer about death anxiety
What are the strengths and limitations of various instruments?

What definition of death is implied by various testing instruments?

What are the implications for future research?