KJZ Mnemonics from First Aid for the USMLE Step 2 CK

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The 6 P’s of Compartment Syndrome
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Pain, Pallor, Parestheisas, Poikilothermia, Paralysis, Pulselessness
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Phalen’s
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Falen’s is Flexing (wrists, tests for carpal tunnel by reproducing aching & numbness in < 60 sec)
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Tinel’s
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Tinel’s Taps to cause Tingling (over median nerve, to test for carpal tunnel)
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Causes of hyperuricemia
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CCDDDDLLSS Cell turnover increased (hemolysis, blast crisis, tumor lysis, myelodysplasia, psoriasis), Cyclosporine, Dehydration, DI, Diet (red meat, alcohol), Lead poisoning, Lesh-Nyhan, Salicylates (low dose), Starvation
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CREST syndrome
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Calcinosis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, Esophageal dysmotility, Sclerodactyly, Telangiectasias
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Criteria for SLE
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DOPAMINE RASH Discoid rash, Oral ulcers, Photosensitivity, Arthritis, Malar rash, Immunologic criteria, Neurologic sx (lupus cerebritis, seizures) Elevated ESR, Renal dz, ANA +, Serositis (pleural or pericardial effusion), Hematologic abnormalities
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Drugs that can cause a lupus syndrome
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CHIMPs mind their Ps & Qs Chlorpromazine, Hydralazine, INH, Methyldopa, Penicillamine, Procainamide, Quinidine
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Duchenne’s cause
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Duchenne has Deficiency of Dystrophin
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Making a differential diagnosis
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D rugs I nfection R heumatologic/autoimmune E ndocrine C ardiovascular T rauma I nflammatory O ther N eoplasm

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