Introduction to Occupational Therapy – Flashcards

question
Occupation
answer
activity in which one engages, through activities that give meaning
question
Therapy
answer
Treatment of an illness or disability
question
Activity
answer
State or condition of being involved, associated with the occupation. (cooking is an activity assoc with the occupation of being a mother)
question
Independence
answer
State of condition of being self-reliant (independent)
question
Function
answer
An action for which the person is specifically fitted
question
Occupational Therapy
answer
Is a practice that uses goal directed activity to promote independence in function.
question
Areas of occupation
answer
various life activities including activities of daily living (ADL's), IADL, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation.
question
Occupational performance
answer
The ability to carry out activities of daily life (including the areas of occupation)
question
purposeful activity
answer
an activity used in treatment that is goal directed and that the client sees as meaningful or purposeful.
question
occupational therapy practitioner
answer
refers to two different levels of clinicians
question
Occupational therapy assistant
answer
performs at the technical level, and work under the supervision of the OT, must complete two year assoc degree
question
Occupational Therapist
answer
performs on the professional level, must complete masters degree
question
OT
answer
refers to those within the field at either level
question
Goal
answer
OT intervention is to increase the ability of the client to participate in everyday activities (feeding, dressing, bathing)
question
Hospitals, clinics, schools, client homes, community settings and prison
answer
What are some typical settings for OT?
question
What does an OT do?
answer
The OT practitioner interacts with a client to assess existing performance, set therapeutic goals, develop a plan & implement intervention
question
...
answer
OT guides the person to actively participate in intervention, they aren't there to do it for them.
question
patient
answer
often referred to when working in hospital or rehab environment
question
client
answer
term often used when working in a mental health facility, or training center.
question
personality characteristics of an OT
answer
creative thinkers, enjoy hands on work, skilled problem solvers, demonstrate ability to handle their own personal problems/feeling before helping others
question
continued education
answer
an OT practitioner is never finished with education, must always invest within an ever changing field maintaining competency.
question
Scientific areas Occupational therapy represents
answer
biological, & behavioral sciences. including sociology, anthropology, and medicine.
question
Science
answer
is considered a foundation, students learn the theories and processes related to OT.
question
Clinical experience
answer
helps students integrate the elements of theory and practice
question
OT & OTA
answer
both programs accredited by the (ACOTE) Accreditation Council for OT
question
OT Curricula
answer
has a strong science base and includes a focus on human development across the life span.
question
mandate of OT profession
answer
to help clients engage in occupations.
question
recipients of therapy
answer
are people who have problems that interfere with their ability to engage in everyday activities
question
range of problems
answer
genetic, neurological, orthopedic, musculoskeletal, immunological, and cardiac dysfunction. this can also include: psychological, social, behavioral, & emotional disorders.
question
Who does OT serve?
answer
all ages infants to older adults; impairments which may be a result of trauma, disease, conflict, stress, social deprivation, genetics, or congenital abnormalities.
question
OT
answer
________ evaluate a clients abilities and area of weakness to develop an intervention plan based on a clients interests, motivations and goals.
question
what is a purposeful activity
answer
an activity meaningful to a client, helping them to regain skills and abilities and compensate for changes so that they may engage in occupations
question
preparatory activity
answer
prepares clients for engagement in purposeful activities of occupation based activities, such as stretching to improve range of motion.
question
contrived activity
answer
made-up activities that may include some same skills required for the occupation, pretending to throw a ball.
question
occupation centered activity
answer
in this setting, clients retain skills better and are more motivated when performing the actual occupation, these are performed in natural settings (physical, social, temporal)
1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers
question
Occupation
answer
activity in which one engages, through activities that give meaning
question
Therapy
answer
Treatment of an illness or disability
question
Activity
answer
State or condition of being involved, associated with the occupation. (cooking is an activity assoc with the occupation of being a mother)
question
Independence
answer
State of condition of being self-reliant (independent)
question
Function
answer
An action for which the person is specifically fitted
question
Occupational Therapy
answer
Is a practice that uses goal directed activity to promote independence in function.
question
Areas of occupation
answer
various life activities including activities of daily living (ADL's), IADL, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation.
question
Occupational performance
answer
The ability to carry out activities of daily life (including the areas of occupation)
question
purposeful activity
answer
an activity used in treatment that is goal directed and that the client sees as meaningful or purposeful.
question
occupational therapy practitioner
answer
refers to two different levels of clinicians
question
Occupational therapy assistant
answer
performs at the technical level, and work under the supervision of the OT, must complete two year assoc degree
question
Occupational Therapist
answer
performs on the professional level, must complete masters degree
question
OT
answer
refers to those within the field at either level
question
Goal
answer
OT intervention is to increase the ability of the client to participate in everyday activities (feeding, dressing, bathing)
question
Hospitals, clinics, schools, client homes, community settings and prison
answer
What are some typical settings for OT?
question
What does an OT do?
answer
The OT practitioner interacts with a client to assess existing performance, set therapeutic goals, develop a plan & implement intervention
question
...
answer
OT guides the person to actively participate in intervention, they aren't there to do it for them.
question
patient
answer
often referred to when working in hospital or rehab environment
question
client
answer
term often used when working in a mental health facility, or training center.
question
personality characteristics of an OT
answer
creative thinkers, enjoy hands on work, skilled problem solvers, demonstrate ability to handle their own personal problems/feeling before helping others
question
continued education
answer
an OT practitioner is never finished with education, must always invest within an ever changing field maintaining competency.
question
Scientific areas Occupational therapy represents
answer
biological, & behavioral sciences. including sociology, anthropology, and medicine.
question
Science
answer
is considered a foundation, students learn the theories and processes related to OT.
question
Clinical experience
answer
helps students integrate the elements of theory and practice
question
OT & OTA
answer
both programs accredited by the (ACOTE) Accreditation Council for OT
question
OT Curricula
answer
has a strong science base and includes a focus on human development across the life span.
question
mandate of OT profession
answer
to help clients engage in occupations.
question
recipients of therapy
answer
are people who have problems that interfere with their ability to engage in everyday activities
question
range of problems
answer
genetic, neurological, orthopedic, musculoskeletal, immunological, and cardiac dysfunction. this can also include: psychological, social, behavioral, & emotional disorders.
question
Who does OT serve?
answer
all ages infants to older adults; impairments which may be a result of trauma, disease, conflict, stress, social deprivation, genetics, or congenital abnormalities.
question
OT
answer
________ evaluate a clients abilities and area of weakness to develop an intervention plan based on a clients interests, motivations and goals.
question
what is a purposeful activity
answer
an activity meaningful to a client, helping them to regain skills and abilities and compensate for changes so that they may engage in occupations
question
preparatory activity
answer
prepares clients for engagement in purposeful activities of occupation based activities, such as stretching to improve range of motion.
question
contrived activity
answer
made-up activities that may include some same skills required for the occupation, pretending to throw a ball.
question
occupation centered activity
answer
in this setting, clients retain skills better and are more motivated when performing the actual occupation, these are performed in natural settings (physical, social, temporal)