Please enter something

Introduction to Occupational Therapy

question

Occupation
answer

activity in which one engages, through activities that give meaning
question

Therapy
answer

Treatment of an illness or disability
question

Activity
answer

State or condition of being involved, associated with the occupation. (cooking is an activity assoc with the occupation of being a mother)
question

Independence
answer

State of condition of being self-reliant (independent)
question

Function
answer

An action for which the person is specifically fitted
question

Occupational Therapy
answer

Is a practice that uses goal directed activity to promote independence in function.
question

Areas of occupation
answer

various life activities including activities of daily living (ADL’s), IADL, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation.
question

Occupational performance
answer

The ability to carry out activities of daily life (including the areas of occupation)
question

purposeful activity
answer

an activity used in treatment that is goal directed and that the client sees as meaningful or purposeful.
question

occupational therapy practitioner
answer

refers to two different levels of clinicians
question

Occupational therapy assistant
answer

performs at the technical level, and work under the supervision of the OT, must complete two year assoc degree
question

Occupational Therapist
answer

performs on the professional level, must complete masters degree
question

OT
answer

refers to those within the field at either level
question

Goal
answer

OT intervention is to increase the ability of the client to participate in everyday activities (feeding, dressing, bathing)
question

Hospitals, clinics, schools, client homes, community settings and prison
answer

What are some typical settings for OT?
question

What does an OT do?
answer

The OT practitioner interacts with a client to assess existing performance, set therapeutic goals, develop a plan & implement intervention
question

answer

OT guides the person to actively participate in intervention, they aren’t there to do it for them.
question

patient
answer

often referred to when working in hospital or rehab environment
question

client
answer

term often used when working in a mental health facility, or training center.
question

personality characteristics of an OT
answer

creative thinkers, enjoy hands on work, skilled problem solvers, demonstrate ability to handle their own personal problems/feeling before helping others
question

continued education
answer

an OT practitioner is never finished with education, must always invest within an ever changing field maintaining competency.
question

Scientific areas Occupational therapy represents
answer

biological, & behavioral sciences. including sociology, anthropology, and medicine.
question

Science
answer

is considered a foundation, students learn the theories and processes related to OT.
question

Clinical experience
answer

helps students integrate the elements of theory and practice
question

OT & OTA
answer

both programs accredited by the (ACOTE) Accreditation Council for OT
question

OT Curricula
answer

has a strong science base and includes a focus on human development across the life span.
question

mandate of OT profession
answer

to help clients engage in occupations.
question

recipients of therapy
answer

are people who have problems that interfere with their ability to engage in everyday activities
question

range of problems
answer

genetic, neurological, orthopedic, musculoskeletal, immunological, and cardiac dysfunction. this can also include: psychological, social, behavioral, & emotional disorders.
question

Who does OT serve?
answer

all ages infants to older adults; impairments which may be a result of trauma, disease, conflict, stress, social deprivation, genetics, or congenital abnormalities.
question

OT
answer

________ evaluate a clients abilities and area of weakness to develop an intervention plan based on a clients interests, motivations and goals.
question

what is a purposeful activity
answer

an activity meaningful to a client, helping them to regain skills and abilities and compensate for changes so that they may engage in occupations
question

preparatory activity
answer

prepares clients for engagement in purposeful activities of occupation based activities, such as stretching to improve range of motion.
question

contrived activity
answer

made-up activities that may include some same skills required for the occupation, pretending to throw a ball.
question

occupation centered activity
answer

in this setting, clients retain skills better and are more motivated when performing the actual occupation, these are performed in natural settings (physical, social, temporal)