Introduction to Neuroscience

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neurochemistry
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study of chemistry of neural function
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neurophysiology
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the physiology of neurons; the study of hormones
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psychophysiology
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study of the brain by making recordings from the brain to the body
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neuroanatomy
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anatomy of the brain
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neuropharmocology
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study of how drugs interact with neural tissue
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neuropsychology
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the study and diagnosis of brain damage and therefore brain mechanisms
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brain- behavior relationship
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how the brain functions in producing such psychological phenomena as seeing, remembering, feeling pain, experiencing emotions
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neurosciences consist of
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the brain, brain- behavior relationships, neurochemistry and neuropharmocology
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psychobiology, behavioral biology, behavioral neuroscience, and biopsychology
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Can be considered synonyms
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evolutionary/ genetic/ comparative; anatomical/ physiological; learning/ behavioral; perceptual/ cognitive
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four conceptual frameworks to behavioral neuroscience
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comparative approach
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the study of biological processes by comparing different species– usually from the evolutionary perspective
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comparative psychology
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studies the evolution, genetics, and adaptiveness of behavior, often by using the comparative approach
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physiological psychology
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studies the neural mechanisms of behavior through direct manipulation of the brains of nonhuman animal subjects in controlled experiments
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psychophysiologists
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emotion, lie detection, and biofeedback are phenomena studied by
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genes
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determine the unique arrangements of proteins that make up individuals. Code for proteins
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Proteins
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shape species- typical behavior
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phylogenetic history
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hereditary, nature
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ontogenetic history
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environmental, nurture
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molecular
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anatomy, physiology, neurochemistry

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