Introduction to Medical Terminology

white blood cell
leukocyte
prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prognosis
swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
edema
rapid onset
acute
turning the palm of the hand upward
spination
examination procedure
palpation
fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
exudate
pathologic tissue change
lesion
pounding heart
palpitation
torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound
laceration
abnormal condition or disease of the stomach
gastrosis
a set of signs and symptoms
syndrome
rupture of a muscle
myorrhexis
stomach pain
gastralgia
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
pyoderma
Lower-than-normal blood pressure is called _____.
hypotension
The process of recording a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium is known as _____.
angiography
The term meaning above or outside the ribs is _____.
supracostal
A/an _____ diagnosis is also known as a rule out.
differential
A/an _____ is an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
fistula
An erythrocyte is commonly known as a red blood cell.
T – Erythrocyte
Arteriomalacia is abnormal hardening of blood vessels of the walls of an artery or arteries.
F – Arteriomalacia
A colostomy is the surgical creation of an artificial opening between the colon and the body surface.
T – Colostomy
Malaise is often the first symptom of inflammation.
F – Malaise
An infection is the invasion of the body by a disease-producing organism.
T – Infection
Otorhinolaryngology is the study of the ears, nose, and throat.
ot/o, rhin/o, laryng, -ology
The term mycosis means any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
myc/o, -osis
Polimyelitis is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
poli/o, myel, -itis
Neonatology is the study of disorders of the newborn.
neo-, nat, -ology
The term endarterial means pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery.
end-, arteri, -al
Miguel required a/an _____ injection. This term means that the medication was placed directly within the muscle.
Intramuscular
Mrs. Tillson underwent _____ to remove excess fluid from her abdomen.
Abdominocentesis
The term laser is a/an _____. This means that it is a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term.
Acronym
In an accident, Felipe Valladares broke several bones in his fingers. This medical term for these injuries is fractured _____.
Phalanges
In case of a major disaster Cheng Lee, who is a trained paramedic, helps perform _____. This is the screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
Triage
Gina’s physician ordered laboratory tests that would enable him to establish a differential _____ to identify the cause of her signs and symptoms.
Diagnosis
Jennifer plans to go to graduate school so she can specialize in _____. This specialty is concerned with the study of all aspects of diseases.
Pathology
John Randolph’s cancer went into _____. Although this is not a cure, his symptoms disappeared and he felt much better.
Remission
Mr. Jankowski describes that uncomfortable feeling as heartburn. The medical term for this condition is _____.
Pyrosis
Phyllis was having great fun traveling until she ate some contaminated food and developed _____. She felt miserable and needed to stay in her hotel because of the frequent flow of loose or watery stools.
Diarrhea