Introduction to Medical Terminology

white blood cell
leukocyte

prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prognosis

swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
edema

rapid onset
acute

turning the palm of the hand upward
spination

examination procedure
palpation

fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
exudate

pathologic tissue change
lesion

pounding heart
palpitation

torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound
laceration

abnormal condition or disease of the stomach
gastrosis

a set of signs and symptoms
syndrome

rupture of a muscle
myorrhexis

stomach pain
gastralgia

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
pyoderma

Lower-than-normal blood pressure is called _____.
hypotension

The process of recording a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium is known as _____.
angiography

The term meaning above or outside the ribs is _____.
supracostal

A/an _____ diagnosis is also known as a rule out.
differential

A/an _____ is an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
fistula

An erythrocyte is commonly known as a red blood cell.
T – Erythrocyte

Arteriomalacia is abnormal hardening of blood vessels of the walls of an artery or arteries.
F – Arteriomalacia

A colostomy is the surgical creation of an artificial opening between the colon and the body surface.
T – Colostomy

Malaise is often the first symptom of inflammation.
F – Malaise

An infection is the invasion of the body by a disease-producing organism.
T – Infection

Otorhinolaryngology is the study of the ears, nose, and throat.
ot/o, rhin/o, laryng, -ology

The term mycosis means any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
myc/o, -osis

Polimyelitis is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
poli/o, myel, -itis

Neonatology is the study of disorders of the newborn.
neo-, nat, -ology

The term endarterial means pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery.
end-, arteri, -al

Miguel required a/an _____ injection. This term means that the medication was placed directly within the muscle.
Intramuscular

Mrs. Tillson underwent _____ to remove excess fluid from her abdomen.
Abdominocentesis

The term laser is a/an _____. This means that it is a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term.
Acronym

In an accident, Felipe Valladares broke several bones in his fingers. This medical term for these injuries is fractured _____.
Phalanges

In case of a major disaster Cheng Lee, who is a trained paramedic, helps perform _____. This is the screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
Triage

Gina’s physician ordered laboratory tests that would enable him to establish a differential _____ to identify the cause of her signs and symptoms.
Diagnosis

Jennifer plans to go to graduate school so she can specialize in _____. This specialty is concerned with the study of all aspects of diseases.
Pathology

John Randolph’s cancer went into _____. Although this is not a cure, his symptoms disappeared and he felt much better.
Remission

Mr. Jankowski describes that uncomfortable feeling as heartburn. The medical term for this condition is _____.
Pyrosis

Phyllis was having great fun traveling until she ate some contaminated food and developed _____. She felt miserable and needed to stay in her hotel because of the frequent flow of loose or watery stools.
Diarrhea