Introduction to Medical Terminology

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white blood cell
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leukocyte
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prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
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prognosis
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swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
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edema
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rapid onset
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acute
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turning the palm of the hand upward
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spination
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examination procedure
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palpation
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fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
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exudate
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pathologic tissue change
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lesion
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pounding heart
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palpitation
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torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound
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laceration
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abnormal condition or disease of the stomach
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gastrosis
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a set of signs and symptoms
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syndrome
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rupture of a muscle
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myorrhexis
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stomach pain
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gastralgia
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any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
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pyoderma
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Lower-than-normal blood pressure is called _____.
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hypotension
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The process of recording a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium is known as _____.
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angiography
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The term meaning above or outside the ribs is _____.
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supracostal
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A/an _____ diagnosis is also known as a rule out.
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differential
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A/an _____ is an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
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fistula
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An erythrocyte is commonly known as a red blood cell.
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T – Erythrocyte
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Arteriomalacia is abnormal hardening of blood vessels of the walls of an artery or arteries.
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F – Arteriomalacia
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A colostomy is the surgical creation of an artificial opening between the colon and the body surface.
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T – Colostomy
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Malaise is often the first symptom of inflammation.
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F – Malaise
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An infection is the invasion of the body by a disease-producing organism.
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T – Infection
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Otorhinolaryngology is the study of the ears, nose, and throat.
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ot/o, rhin/o, laryng, -ology
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The term mycosis means any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
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myc/o, -osis
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Polimyelitis is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
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poli/o, myel, -itis
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Neonatology is the study of disorders of the newborn.
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neo-, nat, -ology
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The term endarterial means pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery.
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end-, arteri, -al
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Miguel required a/an _____ injection. This term means that the medication was placed directly within the muscle.
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Intramuscular
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Mrs. Tillson underwent _____ to remove excess fluid from her abdomen.
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Abdominocentesis
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The term laser is a/an _____. This means that it is a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term.
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Acronym
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In an accident, Felipe Valladares broke several bones in his fingers. This medical term for these injuries is fractured _____.
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Phalanges
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In case of a major disaster Cheng Lee, who is a trained paramedic, helps perform _____. This is the screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
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Triage
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Gina’s physician ordered laboratory tests that would enable him to establish a differential _____ to identify the cause of her signs and symptoms.
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Diagnosis
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Jennifer plans to go to graduate school so she can specialize in _____. This specialty is concerned with the study of all aspects of diseases.
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Pathology
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John Randolph’s cancer went into _____. Although this is not a cure, his symptoms disappeared and he felt much better.
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Remission
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Mr. Jankowski describes that uncomfortable feeling as heartburn. The medical term for this condition is _____.
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Pyrosis
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Phyllis was having great fun traveling until she ate some contaminated food and developed _____. She felt miserable and needed to stay in her hotel because of the frequent flow of loose or watery stools.
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Diarrhea

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