Intro to Visual Arts Essay

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A combination of different pictures to make a story.
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Photomontage
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is usually made by people who are unaware of art history or the art trends of their time.
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Outsider Art
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A 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.
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Surealism
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A visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.
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Abstract Art
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Another way to refer to Abstract Art. These artworks do not represent or depict a being, a place or a thing in the natural world.
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Non-representational Art
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A type of representational art
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Figurative Art
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Refers to subjects and symbols used in an image to covey its meaning.
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Iconography
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Represents something we see everyday, recognizable
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Representational Art
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Refers to describe an elevated awareness of beauty that the viewer sees
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Aesthetics
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A mark with length and direction.A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point.
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Line
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(brightness) and Value (lightness or darkness).
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Color
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The lightness or darkness of a color.
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Value
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An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements.
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Shape
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A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2-dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-dimensional.
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Form
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-The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. -Foreground, Middle-ground and Background (creates DEPTH) -Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas).
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Space
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The surface quality or “feel” of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
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Texture
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Can be actual or visual
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Texture
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The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work.
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Balance
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The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.
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Symmetrical Balance
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When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other.
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Asymmetrical Balance
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The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most.
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Emphasis
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A large difference between two objects or colors that create interest and tension.
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Contrast
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A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement.
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Rhythm or Movement
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Repetition of a design, object, line, color, or element
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Pattern
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When all the elements and principles work together to create a composition that feels connected to each other.
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Unity
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The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work.
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Variety
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The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE.
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Proportion
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Refers to the process of arranging, selecting and ordering elements and principles within the composition.
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Design
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Consists of mainly one color
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Monochromatic color
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Was a tomb for the ruler Jahan’s favorite wife who died in childbirth
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Taj Mahal
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Function of art was for persuasion
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Augustus of Prima Porta
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Collection of objects gathered in an artwork. It shows the artists’ feelings of a divided self.
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Assemblage
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Violent and swift movement.
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What does the use of a sharp jagged line suggest?
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Dominant shapes
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Positive Shapes
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Background Areas
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Negative Shapes
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linear perspective
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Raphael’s The School of Athens provides the viewer with the illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface by the use of…
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His progression through space and time.
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Saint Anthony is shown 3 times in this painting to show..
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Kinetic art, because they move in space.
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Alexander Calder’s mobiles are examples of…
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Qualities of Space
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Architects are generally most concerned
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intensity
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What is the the purity or saturation of a color called?
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complementary colors
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The colors here for Keith Haring’s work are…
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Unity
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What is the appearance of oneness in art?
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characterized by or exhibiting symmetry; well-proportioned, as a body or whole; regular in form or arrangement of corresponding parts.
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Symmetrical design
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symmetrical balance
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When the two sides of a composition correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement of form, the work has…
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Chiaroscuro
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When 2D artists create the illusion of volume with light
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asymmetrical balance
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Edgar Degas. Jockeys Before the Race shows…
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contrast
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The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as…
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rhythm
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Any kind of movement or structure of dominant and subordinate elements in sequence in a work of art refers to
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rhythm and repetition
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Ogata Korin’s Cranes exemplifies the principle of
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Shuttlecocks
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What work of art affects the viewer immediately through its scale?
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Large Reclining Nude
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What did Matisse photograph during the process of its creation?
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Formal Theories
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Focus attention on the composition of the artwork and how earlier artworks may have influenced it.
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Censorship
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Chris Olfili’s Holy Virgin Mary and Michelangelo’s Last Judgment was subject to ___
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criticism; censorship, contextual ,and formal theories
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Making discriminating judgments about art is inherent to all art ___, _____, ____, and ____
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contextual theories
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Critics who examine the environmental influences on a work of art, such as the economic system, cultural values, and politics, use _____
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Carpenter
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Van Gogh’s ___ demonstrates careful attention to detail
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Study of a Reclining Male Nude
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Michelangelo created ______ in preparation for a larger work.
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Charcoal
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Medium today is most similar to drawing media used by prehistoric people.
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Pastel
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Very similar to chalk; it does not need to dry, has a purity of color, and has very little binding material
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Liquid media
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Means using ink or gouache to make a drawing with a brush.
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calligraphy
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The Chinese regard painting to derive from the art of ____
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Persepolis
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____ is an example of a graphic novel, which is like comics but it has book-length story lines.
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Projective drawing
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Involves creating something that only exists in the artist’s mind.
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David Hockney
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Artist who creates paintings on an IPAD
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paint vehicle
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the carrier used for spreading agents in paint such as water for watercolor.
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Binder
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the material that bonds to pigment and remains on the surface once the paint dries.
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Pigment
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The color of paint
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Diego Rivera
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is considered a leader in the revival of fresco painting in the 1920s and 1930s.
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Keltie Ferris
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demonstrates a contemporary approach by finishing her works with spray paint.
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Encaustic
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A type of painting in which pigment is suspended in a binder of hot wax
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Fresco
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A technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp lime-plaster surface
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Gesso
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A mixture of glue and chalk, thinned with water and applied as a ground before painting with oil or egg tempura
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Tempera
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A water-based chalk paint that uses egg yolk as a binder.

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