Intro to sociology pt 2

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anticipatory socialization
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when we prepare for future life roles
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degradation ceremony
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the process by which new members of a total institution lose aspects of their old identity and are given new ones
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generalized other
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the common behavioral expectations of general society
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hidden curriculum
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informal teaching done at school
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nature
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the influence of our genetic makeup on self development
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nurture
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the role that our social environment plays in self development
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resocialization
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the process by which old behaviors are removed and new behaviors are learned in their place
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self
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a persons distinct identity as developed through social interaction
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socialization
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the process wherein people come to understand societal norms and expectations, to accept society’s beliefs, and to be aware of societal values
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group
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any collection of at least two people who interact with some frequency and who share some sense of aligned identity
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aggregate
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croud
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category
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people who share similar characteristics but aren’t connected in any way
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primary group
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small, informal groups of people who are closest to us (expressive functions)
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secondary groups
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larger, more impersonal groups that are task focused and time limited (instrumental functions)
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in group
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a group a person belongs to and feels is an integral part of his identity
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out group
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a group a person is not a member or and may even compete with
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reference group
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group people compare themselves to
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instrumental leader
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leader that is goal oriented, and largely concerned with acccomplishing set tasks
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expressive leaders
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leader concerned with process and ensuring everyone’s emotional well being
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conformity
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extent to which an individual complies with group norms or expectations
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strain theory
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theory that addresses the relationship between having socially acceptable goals and having socially acceptable means to reach those goals
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social disorganization theory
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asserts that crime is most likely to occur in communities with weak social ties and the absence of social control
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power elite
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concept by C. Wright Mills where a small group of wealthy and influential people at the top of society hold the power and resources
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primary deviance
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violation of norms that does not result in any long term effects on the individuals self image or interactions with others
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secondary deviance
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when a persons self concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of a society
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master status
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label that defines the chief characteristic of an individual

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