IC Chapter 9

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We feel the need to belong
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Why do we form social relationships?
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Baumeister’s theory
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Each of us is norm with a drive to seek, form, maintain, and protect strong social relationships
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Baumeister’s theory; social bonds
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______________ suggests that in order for us to satisfy our drive for relationships, we need ______ that are both interactive and emotionally close
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emotional rewards, material, and health
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Social relationships bring three types of rewards…??? What are they?
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Emotional support or encouragement during emotional turmoil and having friends is happiness
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What are the two types of emotional rewards?
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attraction theory
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describes why we are drawn to others
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uncertainty reduction theory
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indicates why we initially interact with others
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predicted outcome value theory
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details why we get to know some people and not others
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social exchange theories
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indicates how we compare our current relationships with our alternatives and how we count our costs and benefits
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relational maintenance behaviors
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communication behaviors we use to sustain our relationships
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interpersonal attraction, physical attraction, social attraction, and task attraction
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What are the four types of attraction theories?
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interpersonal attraction
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any force that draws people together for form a relationship
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physical attraction
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attraction to someone’s physical appearance
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social attraction
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attraction to someone’s personality
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task attraction
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attraction to someone’s abilities and dependability
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true
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physical attractiveness is cross cultural? True of False?
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proximity
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how closely together people live or work and how often they interact
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reduced
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The internet has increased or reduced the influence of physical proximity on attraction?
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complementary
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beneficial to ourselves because they provide a quality that we lack
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uncertainty reduction theory
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suggests that you will find uncertainty to be unpleasant
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predicted outcome value theory
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theory predicting that we form relationships when we think the effort will be worth it
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approach behaviors
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communication behaviors that signal one’s interest in getting to know someone
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smiling and eye contact
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examples of approach behaviors
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avoidance behaviors
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communication behaviors that signal one’s lack of interest in getting to know someone
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social exchange theory
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people seek to maintain relationships in which their benefits outweigh their costs
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comparison level
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a person’s realistic expectation of what the person wants and thinks he or she deserves from a relationships
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comparison level for alternatives
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a person’s assessment of how good his or her current relationship is, compared with other options
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over benefited
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one’s relational rewards exceed one’s relational costs
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under benefited
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one’s relational costs exceed one’s relational rewards
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equity theory
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a good relationship is one in which a person’s ratio of costs and rewards is equal to that of the person’s partner
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positivity
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they make others feel comfortable around us as people
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openness
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a person’s willingness to take about their relationships
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assurances
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behaviors people use to illustrate their faithfulness and commitment to others
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social networks
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refers to all the friendships and family relationships one has
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sharing tasks
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performing one’s fair share of the work in a friendship
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peer
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someone similar in power or status to oneself
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role limited interaction
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strangers at this stage
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friendly relations
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conversations become friendlier. They share personal stories or anecdotes
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moves toward friendship
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communication becomes more social and less bound by norms and rules. Start hanging out
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nascent friendship
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now they are friends at this stage. More personal and less prescribed
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stabilized friendships
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consider their friendships to be fully established. Trust each other and everything
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warning friendships
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this stage marks the decline of their friendship and they may simply become more distant and casual or it may end altogether
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physical proximity
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one of the main reasons we’re attracted to potential friends
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sexual harassment
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the equal employment opportunity commission defines as unsolicited, unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature
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quid pro quo
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happens when a supervisor offers an employee rewards in exchange for sexual favors
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hostile work environment
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occurs when work conditions are sexually offensive or intimidating

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