HST Final – Quiz Questions

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In 1919, the racial climate in the United States
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worsened in both the North and South
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President Theodore Roosevelt’s policies, in regard to Asia, were intended
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to prevent any single rival nation from being dominant.
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President Theodore Roosevelt defined “civilized” and “uncivilized” nations on the basis of
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both race and economic development.
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President Woodrow Wilson’s request to Congress for a declaration of war
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took place two weeks after German submarines had torpedoed three American ships.
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In 1914-1915, the United States responded to a British naval blockade of Germany by
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ending trade with Germany but continuing it with Great Britain.
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American casualties in World War I were
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as likely to be from disease as from combat.
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As a result of the sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania,
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Germany pledged to the United States it would not repeat such an action.
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During World War I, American ground troops
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saw combat that was relatively brief but intense.
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The immediate cause of war in Europe in 1914 was
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the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
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The country that lost the greatest number of lives in World War I was
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Germany
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During the 1920s, birth control in the United States
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was illegal in many states.
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To Herbert Hoover, “associationalism” meant
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the creation of national organizations of businessmen in particular industries.
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In the 1920s, “behavioral” psychologists argued
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mothers should rely on trained experts for advice in raising children.
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In the 1920s, “welfare capitalism”
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was a paternalistic approach used by corporate leaders on their workers
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As a result of the Scopes trial of 1925,
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fundamentalists reduced their participation in political activism.
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In the 1920s, the “noble experiment” referred to
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the prohibition of alcohol.
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In the workplace, the “open shop” meant
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no worker was required to join a union.
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Throughout the 1920s, the performance of the United States economy
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saw nearly uninterrupted prosperity couple with sever inequalities.
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During the 1920s, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
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was one of the few unions led by African Americans
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During the 1920s, a great worry for industrialists was the fear of
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the overproduction of goods.
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In response to the Great Depression, many Mexican Americans
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left the United States entirely.
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In the late 1920s, the European demand for agricultural and manufacturing goods from the United States was
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declining.
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All of the following factors were causes of the Great Depression EXCEPT
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conservative banking policies that restricted the availability of loans.
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During the 1930s, the Southern Tenant Farmers Union
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sought to organize the rural poor across racial lines
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After 1929, in the face of the worsening global economic crisis, the United States
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refused to alter the payment schedule of debts owned by European nations to America.
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President Herbert Hoover responded to the onset of the Great Depression by
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urging voluntary cooperation from business leaders.
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During the Great Depression, in the rural United States
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one-third of all farmers lost their land.
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The 1931 Scottsboro court case saw
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black teenagers accused of rape by two white women.
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In the 1930s, all of the following films offered social commentary on the United States and the Great Depression EXCEPT
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It Happened One Night
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During the Great Depression,
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the divorce rate declined.
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During the 1930s, the sit-down strike
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was a new and controversial labor tactic.
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During the “Second New Deal,” President Franklin Roosevelt
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became more willing to attack corporate interests openly
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The Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 established
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the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
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In 1934, Dr. Francis Townsend attracted widespread national support for a plan that
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helped pave the way for the Social Security system.
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In 1933, two days after he took office, President Franklin Roosevelt
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closed all banks.
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In the 1930s, the New Deal generally gave
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work relief to men and cash assistance to women.
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The New Deal program which created utility cooperatives for rural Americans was the
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Rural Electrification Administration
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The most influential advocate for African Americans in the Roosevelt administration was
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Eleanor Roosevelt.
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The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
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sought to raise crop prices by paying farmers not to plant.
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The National Recovery Administration of 1933 did all of the following EXCEPT
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increase competition between companies.
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The Tripartite Pact was a defensive alliance between
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Japan, Germany, and Italy.
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The Washington Conference of 1921
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attempted to prevent a global naval arms race.
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The Neutrality Act of 1937
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allowed warring nations to purchase nonmilitary goods in the United States if they paid cash.
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The American ambassador to London who insisted in 1940 that the British plight was already hopeless was
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Joseph Kennedy.
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During the 1920s and 1930s, interest in pursuing an isolationist foreign policy
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reflected the sentiments of a majority of the American public.
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By September 1941,
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the United States extended lend-lease privileges to the Soviet Union.
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In 1941, Germany’s declaration of war against the United States
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occurred before the United States declared war on it.
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Germany began World War II in Europe days after
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a nonaggression pact was signed between Germany and Russia.
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In 1934, the Soviet Union complained that the United States had little interest in stopping the expansion of
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Japan.
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In 1929, a fascist-led government was in power in
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Italy.

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