HOSA Bowl 2016

Acetylsalicylic acid
more commonly know as aspirin

Adrenal Gland
does not have a cortex or a medulla

Adnexal
appendages or accessory structures of an organ

Aesthetic surgery
surgery to enhance beauty/looks

Amenorrhea
abnormal absence of menstruation

Anaphylactic Shock
is a serious, life-threatening allergic reaction. The most common anaphylactic reactions are to foods, insect stings, medications and latex. The immune system overreacts to an allergen making your blood pressure suddenly drop and block the airway. Symptoms include a rapid, weak pulse, a skin rash, and nausea and vomiting.

Aneurysm
a weakened balloon like enlargement of a blood vessel

Antecubital
the bend of the elbow

Antidiuretic drug
decreases urine secretion

Antiflatulent drug
prevents relieving gas

Bacilli Calmette (Guerin)
a vaccine for tuberculosis

Barbara James Service Award
award that recognizes those HOSA members who have performed at least 50 hours of community service

Beriberi
caused by a deficiency in vitamin B1/thiamin

Bifurcation
refers to having two branches

Bowman’s capsule
can be found in the Kidney

Brushfield’s spots
pale yellow or gray spots at the edge of the iris, generally found in children with down’s syndrome

Bruxism
the grinding of teeth, especially during sleep

Bunion
aka hallux valgus in the medical world

Carbohydrates
contains 4 calories per gram

Cardiac Tapenade
drastic rise in intrapericardial pressure impairing diastolic filling of the heart(skips a beat)

Cardiogenic shock
Cardiogenic shock is a condition in which your heart suddenly can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. The condition is most often caused by a severe heart attack.

Carotenemia
yellowing of the skin caused by excessive amounts of vitamin A

Cauterize
to burn

Cephalalgia
headache

Chloasma
occurs during pregnancy and is commonly known as a mask of pregnancy

Coniosis
any abnormal condition that is caused by the inhalation of dust

Conization
the removal of a cone of tissue, especially from the cervix

Crede’s Maneuver
evacuates the bladder

Curettage
“to scrape”

Diaphoresis
profusely sweating

Dupuytren’s Contractures
caused deformities in the hands

Eclampsia
some of the symptoms include edema, proteinuria, hypertension, and convulsions

Ectopic pregnancy
the embryo develops outside of the uterus

Edema
condition in which body tissues contain excessive fluid

Edentulous
has no teeth

Emeses
the medical term for vomiting

Emetic
induces vomiting

Enlarged Thyroid/Goiter
caused by a lack of iodine

Eructation
belching

Expectorant
the increasing of saliva production

Exophthalmos
an abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs

Fat
contains 9 calories per gram

Fat soluble vitamins
vitamins A, D, E, K

Fifth disease
a viral disease that causes a rash looking as though one had been slapped on the cheeks

First Medical school in the US
began in Philadelphia in 1765

Friable skin
skin that is easily broken

Grave’s disease
caused by hyperactivity of the thyroid gland

Halo symptom
found in patients with cataracts

Hordeolum
an inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid

HOSA bowl guidelines
10% parliamentary procedure, 15% are HOSA related, and 75% are health related

HOSA phone number
(1800)-321-HOSA

Hutchinson’s Teeth
maternal syphilis

Hypovolemic Shock
a life-threatening condition that results when you lose more than 20 percent (one-fifth) of your body’s blood or fluid supply. This can lead to organ failure. Hypovolemic shock results from significant and sudden blood or fluid losses within your body.

Iatrogenic
a disease that is “physician induced” or results from the treatment itself

Ischemia
a condition where there is decreased blood flow

Labyrinthine Fluid
is found in the ear

Laennec
developed the stethoscope

Leiomyoma
aka fibroid

Linea Nigra
a dark line across the abdomen that occurs during pregnancy

LMP
Last menstrual period

Lunula
something that is crescent shaped

Malignant Hypothermia
caused by an adverse reaction to anesthesia

Malleus
one of the three auditory ossicles

Mastication
the medical term for chewing and swallowing

McBurney’s Sign
is a sign of possible appendicitis

Mohs’ Chemosurgical Technique
a technique that treats basal cell epithelioma

Montgomery’s Glands
found on the nipple

Munchausen Syndrome
malingering in which there is intentional self mutilation and feigning of illness

Myringotomy
an incision to the ear drum

N and V
nausea and vomiting

Nebulization
treatment by a fine mist

Night blindness
prevented by vitamin A

Nosohemia
a disease of the blood

Orthotic
a brace or splint to support, straighten or otherwise correct a deformity or disability

Oxytocin
one of the hormones that helps produce breast milk and is responsible for the contractions of the uterus during labor

Ovaries
do not have lobes

Panophobia
the generalized fear or apprehension

Pellagra
caused by a deficiency in Niacin

Periapical
type of dental X-ray that focuses on the examination of the tip of the tooth

Peritoneum
the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

Pernicious anemia
caused by a deficiency in vitamin B12

Pertussis
layman’s term is whooping cough

Placebo
a drug that is given simply “to please” because it has no effect

Plethysmograph
measures the changes in size of an organ due to the flow of blood through it

Popliteal
the back of the knee

PIH
pregnancy induced hypertension

Preprandial
before eating

Prodrome
a symptom indicative of an approaching illness

PROM
premature rupture of membranes

Protein
contains 4 calories per gram

Prothrombin
Vitamin K

Quorum
a term to indicate the minimum number of members who must be present for a legal business meeting

Respiratory Distress Syndrome
aka hyaline membrane disease

Riboflavin
vitamin B2

Rickets
caused by a deficiency in vitamin D

Scurvy
caused by a deficiency in vitamin C

Sinoatrial(SA) Node
known as the natural pacemaker

Septic shock
happens when your blood pressure drops to a dangerously low level after an infection. symptoms include low blood pressure, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and cold, clammy skin.

Shaman
the medicine man, was the primary health of the Native American culture

Sister Kenny
developed radial new treatments for polio

Sodium
can be found in soy sauce, fast food, processed foods, and salty snacks

Specialist in bariatric medicine
treats obese patients

Talipes
also known as clubfoot

Thomas Addison
made contributions in the study of appendicitis, pernicious anemia, and the study of the adrenal gland

Tooth decay
caused by a calcium deficiency

T Score
reflects the bone density

Vaginismus
involuntary spastic constriction of lower vaginal muscles

Varicose veins
distended, swollen, knotted

Wilhelm Roentgen
developed X-rays

Wilm’s tumor
a malignant tumor of the kidney, usually occurs in kids

Vitamin A (Retinol)
Function- Form and repair skin, membranes, eye tissue, resist infection, prevents night blindness; produce corticosterone. Food Sources- Liver, carrots, sweet potatoes, greens, butter, and margarine. Deficiency- Night blindness; slow growth; infection; respiratory problems; and rough, dry skin.

Vitamin D (Calciferol)
Function- Helps absorb calcium; build bones, teeth. Food Source- Enriched milk, fish, liver oils, sunshine on skin Deficiency- Rickets; weak bones, teeth

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)
Function- Protect structure of Vitamin A and unsaturated fatty acids; antioxidant Food Source- Vegetable oils, whole grain cereals, wheat germ, egg yolk, butter Deficiency- N/A

Vitamin K
Function- Blood clotting; liver function Food Source- Liver, milk, eggs, soybean oil, green leafy vegetables, fruits Deficiency- Slow clotting, hemorrhages

Vitamin B Function
Uses nutrients; makes fat, healthy skin, tongue, nerves; digestion Food Source- Liver, meat, poultry, fish, peanuts, enriched cereals Deficiency; Pellagra; emotional, nervous disorders

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Function- Use energy; normal appetite; function of normal nervous system Food Sources- Lean pork, milk, yogurt, enriched cereals Deficiency- Nerve disorders; fatigue; beriberi; poor memory

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Function- Produce energy; healthy skin, eyes; clear vision Food Sources- Liver, milk, yogurt, cottage cheesecDeficiency- Reddened eyes; crackled skin; inflamed tongue; dry, scaly skin

Vitamin B3 (Pantothenic Acid)
Function- Regulate use of nutrients; production of cholesterol, adrenal steroids, hemoglobin Food Sources- Meat, egg yolk, whole grain cereal Deficiency- Fatigue; cramps; respiratory infection; burning feet

Vitamin B4
Function- Form red blood cells; regulate nutrient use Food Source- Meat, Soybeans, lima beans, whole grain cereals Deficiency- N/A

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Function- Use of nutrients; production of antibodies, form red blood cells Food Source- Liver, yeast, wheat germ, milk, potatoes, legumes Deficiency- Skin Disorders; weakness; weakness

Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)
Function- Blood formation; maintain nerve tissue; metabolism of Iron Food Source- Meat, fish, milk products Deficiency- Pernicious anemia; sores on mouth; loss of coordination

Biotin
Function- Carbohydrate use; form and use fatty acids Food Source- Kidney, liver, milk, eggs, vegetables Deficiency- Skin disorders; anemia; depression; sleeplessness; muscle pain

Folic Acid (Folacin)
Function- Blood formation Food Source- Leafy green vegetables, dry legumes, nuts, whole grains cereals, oranges Deficiency- Anemia

Vitamin C
Function- Form collagen, blood vessels; promote healing; resist infection; help use iron Food Source- Broccoli, oranges, grapefruit, papayas, mangoes, strawberries Deficiency- Rickets, bruising, scurvy; slow healing

Calcium
Function- Form bones, teeth; stop bleeding; muscle contraction; nerve transmission; absorbs vitamin B12 Food Source- Milk products, cheese, sardines, dark green vegetables, fish Deficiency- Rickets, poorly formed bones, teeth; slow clotting; osteoprosis

Chlorine
Function- Water, electrolyte balance; part of acid in stomach; formation of enzymes Food Source- Table salt Deficiency- Unknown in humans

Chromium
Function- Metabolism of glucose Food Source- Meat, cheese, whole grain bread, peanuts, yeast Deficiency- Adult onset diabetes

Cobalt
Function- Part of Vitamin B12; electrolyte production Food Source- Animal flesh and products, milk Deficiency- Anemia

Copper
Function- Storage and release of Iron; Development of bones, nervous tissue Food Source- Seafood, oysters, meat, eggs, whole grain cereals, nuts, rasins Deficiency- Anemia; abnormal structure; abnormal hair color

Fluorine
Function- Bone strength; healthy teeth Food Source- Fish, tea, meat, fluoridated water Deficiency- Dental caries, brittle bone

Iodine
Function- Form thyroxine Food Source- Seafood, iodized salt Deficiency- Goiter; cretinism

Iron
Function- Use energy; form hemoglobin (carry oxygen); resist infection; ability to concentrate Food Source- Liver, lean beef, oysters, dried beans, peas, lentils, dark green vegetables, whole grain cereals, egg yolk Deficiency- Anemia; fatigue; shortness of breath; poor skin color

Magnesium
Function- Regulate use of nutrients; function of nerves, muscles; assist enzymes; preserve tooth enamel; bone formation Food Source- Whole grain cereals, seafood, nuts, legumes, dark green vegetables, milk, tea, bananas Deficiency- Tremors; foot cramps; convulsions; irregular heart

Molybdenum
Function- Enzyme component Food Source- Organ meats, greens, green leafy vegetables Deficiency- Unknown in humans

Phosphorus
Function- Forms bones; absorption of nutrients; metabolism of nutrients Food Source- Milk products, cereals, seafood, legumes, eggs, fish, meats, nuts Deficiency- Rickets; poorly formed bones; loss of appetite; bone pain

Potassium
Function- Muscle, nerve function Food Source- Fruits, vegetables, cereals, coffee, meats Deficiency- Muscle weakness, irregular heart

Selenium
Function- Part of Enzymes Food Source- N/A Deficiency- Unknown in humans

Sodium
Function- Electrolyte, water balance; absorption of glucose; nerve function Food Source- Table salt, processed foods, canned foods, brown sugar Deficiency- Dehydration; shock; weakness; cramps; nervous disorders

Sulfur
Function- Form blood clots; healthy skin, hair, nails Food Source- Beef, wheat germ, beans, peas Deficiency- Unknown in humans

Zinc
Function- Part of enzymes, insulin Food Source- Meat, eggs, milk, seafood, whole grain cereal Deficiency- Loss of appetite; decrease taste; poor wound healing

HOSA became a national organization in
1976

The HOSA Constitutional Convention was held in
November of 1976 in Arlington, Texas.

The six charter states were
Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, New Jersey, North Carolina, Alabama.

The HOSA Motto
“The hands of HOSA mold the health of tomorrow.”

The circle in the HOSA emblem represents
the Continuity of health care.

The triangle represents
the three aspects of humankind well-being; physical, mental, and social.

The hands represent
the caring of each HOSA member.

The colors of the emblem
the background is maroon, the letters in the circle are medical white, the triangle is navy blue, the hands, figure, HOSA are medical white, and it was founded in 1976.

The navy blue represents
loyalty to the health care profession

The medical white represents
purity of purpose

The maroon represents
the compassion of HOSA members.

The official emblem was adopted in
April of 1978 at the first national leadership conference in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Tennessee submitted it.

It was registered with the U.S. Copyright office in
1980.

The original HOSA motto was
“The hands of the youth mold the health of tomorrow. It was changed at the 2nd NLC in Cherry Hill, New Jersey in 1979 to recognize the post-secondary HOSA members.

The HOSA creed was adopted at the
3rd NLC in 1980 in Asheville, North Carolina. It was submitted by South Carolina.

The HOSA Creed
I believe in the Health Care Profession. I believe in the profession for which I am being trained; and in the opportunity which my training offers. I believe in education. I believe that through education I will be able to make the greatest use of my skills, knowledge, and experience in order to become a contributing member of the heath care team and of my community. I believe in myself. I believe that by using the knowledge and skills of my profession I will become more aware of myself. Through fulfilling these goals, I will become a more responsible citizen. I believe that each individual is important in his or her own right; therefore, I will treat each person with respect and love. To this end, I dedicate my training, my skills, and myself to serve others through HOSA.

The HOSA Slogan is
“Health Science Education and HOSA: A Healthy Partnership.”

The HOSA Tagline is
“HOSA—A Student-Led Association of Future Health Care Professionals.”

The company that is the official supplier of all HOSA chapter materials, emblematic supplies, and the official HOSA blazer is
Awards Unlimited in Lincoln, Nebraska.

The three sections of the HOSA handbook
A- HOSA National Information; Purposes, Organization, Structure, National Officer Composition, Emblematic Information, History, and Bylaws. B- Competitive Events, Rules, Regulations, Rating Sheets. C- Guide for Officers, Members, Advisors- How to organize and manage HOSA chapter

The first edition of the HOSA Handbook was written in
1982.

The first hired HOSA Headquarters Firm was
Kenora Enterprise.

The second hired HOSA Headquarters Firm was
Leadership Development Institute Inc. in OKC.

The current HOSA Headquarters Firm is CERI
Corporate Education Resources Inc.

The Executive Director is
Dr. Jim Koeninger.

The Associate Director is
Karen Koeninger.

Each State can send up to ______ competitors per event to the NLC.
Three

There are three levels of National HOSA
local, state, and national.

The membership categories are
secondary, postsecondary, collegiate, advisor, alumni, professional, and honorary.

Who endorses HOSA?
The U.S. Dept. of Education

Members must affiliate with state HOSA
to affiliate with national HOSA.

National voting delegations are selected by the
state association.

Health Science Instructors serve as
advisors.

At least one member of a team must attend orientation and should bring
the signed proxies of the other team members and the event’s guide lines.

HOSA week is in
November.

How many states are affiliated with HOSA?
47 plus D.C. and Puerto Rico.

A state must have ______ active chapters to apply for a national affiliation
five

The HOSA website is
www.hosa.org.

The national HOSA number is
1-800-321-HOSA.

The national email address is

The national HOSA office is at
548 Silicon Dr. Suite 101 Southlake, Texas 76092

TeamHOSA allows members to
subscribe to an online guide for information about leadership strategies, video tutorials, and suggestion for chapter activities.

HOSA National is divided into three regions
I, II, III.

Activities found at the HOSA NLC are
Competitive Events, Educational Symposium, Exhibits, Special Activities, and General Sessions.

HOSA’s magazine published twice a year is called
HOSA E-MAGAZINE

Approx. how many members?
150,000 members

First and second HOSA president was
Lynne McGee of North Carolina.

George Bush Honorary Life HOSA Member in
1982.

The categories for competitive events at NLC are
Health Science Events, Health Professions Events, Emergency Preparedness Events, Leadership Events, Teamwork Events, and Recognition.

The Health Care Issue Exam is part of Recognition, and only
25% of the number of delegates from the previous year’s NLC can take it.

It is sponsored by
USA Today and CBS News Healthwatch.

The Competitive Events Inquiry Form is
to submit constructive inquiries and suggestions about competitive events.

It must be submitted within
two hours after the conclusion of the contest.

The deadline to join National HOSA is
January 1.

The fee for affiliating with national HOSA is
$10.00.

A competitor in Category II must score a
70% to be recognized at the NLC.

The seven knowledge tests are
Pathophysiology, Pharmacology, Human Growth and Development, Medical Law and Ethics, Nutrition, Behavioral Health, and Transcultural Health Care.

The deadline for registering for the NLC is
May 15.

A demonstration is when a
state proposes a new contest and showcases it at NLC during Educational Symposium.

A Pilot is
when a new category is being tested.

HOSA tests that have 50 questions have
one hour.

Tests with 100 questions have
90 minutes.

The 100% Affiliation Certification means that
all eligible students joined HOSA.

The eligibility requirements of a National HOSA Officer are
being an active HOSA member; pass a written exam with a 70%; have at least a 2.0 G.P.A.; and be interviewed.

The HOSA officer qualifying exam is
1/3 Parliamentary procedures, and 2/3 HOSA facts and history.

The purpose of the HOSA foundation is to
. raise funds to promote HOSA expansion and activities- it was disbanded in June 1989 as to not conflict with HOSA Inc.

The 2015-2016 National HOSA President is
Amit Sandhu (CA)

The 2015-2016 National HOSA President Elect is
Elizabeth Carnesi (AZ)

The 2015-2016 National HOSA Region I Vice President is
Santina Cherian (OK)

The 2015-2016 National HOSA region II Vice President is
Julius Wade (FL)

The 2015-2016 National HOSA Region III Vice President is
Akshar Vinjamuri.

Former HOSA members may receive recognition in the
HOSA Alumni Hall of Fame.

Laminated materials are
not permitted for contest submission and will be deducted five points.

HOSA has a headquarters branch
in Washington D.C. and the Office Director is

The 2015 Chair of the HOSA Inc. Board of Directors is
Lava Skaggs.

The 2015 Chair Elect of the HOSA Inc. Board of Directors is
Lloyd DeVault.

There are _____ members of the Board of Directors according to the bylaws
17

The purpose of the Board of Directors is
to be the governing body for HOSA.

HOSA Inc. is the
legal identity of the corporate body responsible for the student organization, HOSA.

Possible committees for HOSA Inc.?
Educational Symposium, Program Development, Executive, Policies and Nominations, Marketing, and Scholarships

The Lifetime HOSA Membership is
$150.

The three contests reserved for special needs student that are classified under the law as “Individuals with Disabilities” (Public Law 102/119) are
Personal Care, Life Support Skills, and Interviewing Skills.

Calculators may
not be used in any HOSA contests.

Pencils will
not be given to competitors in any contests.

Eight members serve on the HOSA Executive Council
President, President Elect, Region I Vice President (Secondary), Region II Vice President (Secondary), Region III Vice President (Secondary), Secondary Board Member, Post-Secondary/ Collegiate Division Vice President, and the Post-Secondary/ Collegiate Board Member.

Who was recognized for writing the HOSA History section of the HOSA Handbook
Dr. Ruth-Ellen (NY)

Who was the first Honorary Life Member of HOSA in Alabama in 1980
79. V. Diviner Bauer

NAP stands for
the National Association of Parliamentarians.

There are ____ questions for the Round I HOSA Bowl test
50

and ___ hour(s) to complete it.
1

HOSA buzzer rounds are
ten minutes in length.

HOSA Bowl is in the
Teamwork Events Category.

HOSA Bowl Categories are
75% Health Related, 15% HOSA Related, and 10% Parliamentary Procedures.

25% of those questions are
higher thinking questions.

There are ____ HOSA Bylaw articles. ten

Current HOSA Membership is
150,000.

Which state has the largest membership?
Texas

You can bring music players to
Extemporaneous Health Poster.

The 7 events of the Emergency Preparedness Contest Category are
CPR/First Aid, EMT, Life Support Skills, CERT, Public Health Preparedness, Epidemiology, and Medical Reserve Corps Partnership.

The 6 events of the Heath Science Contest category are
Dental Terminology, Medical Math, Medical Terminology, Knowledge, Medical Spelling, and Medical Reading.

The 11 events of the Health Professions Contest Category are
Biomedical Laboratory Science, Dental Science, Nursing Assisting, Sports Medicine, Clinical Nursing, Home Health Aide, Personal Care, Veterinary Science, Clinical Specialty, Medical Assisting, and Physical Therapy.

The 9 Events in the Leadership Contest Category are
Extemporaneous Health Poster, Interviewing Skills, Prepared Speaking, Extemporaneous Writing, Job Seeking Skills, Health Life Style, Medical Photography, and Speaking Skills.

The 10 Events of the Teamwork Contest Category are
Biomedical Debate, Forensic Medicine, HOSA, Public Service Announcement, Community Awareness, Health Career Display, Medical Innovation, Creative Problem Solving, Health Education, and Parliamentary Procedures.

The 8 Events of the Recgonition Contest Category are
Healthcare Issues Exam, HOSA Happenings, HOSA Chapter Reflection, Outstanding State Leader, HOSA Marketing Challenge, Barbara James Service Award, MRC Volunteer Recognition, and National Service Project.

The 2016 NLC is in
Nashville, TN.

The 2015 NLC was
in Anaheime, CA.

The voting delegates per state;
Number of Members/ Votes 0-25/0; 29-100/1; 101-1000/3; 3001-5000/4; 5001-7000/5; 7001-9000/6; 9001-11000/7; 11001-13000/8; 13001-15000/9

The Parliamentary authority of HOSA is
the current edition of Robert’s Rules of Order, Newly Revised.

Bylaws may be amended by a
2/3 majority vote at any NLC

The organization that the acknowledged leader in the recognition of outstanding student achievement in career & technical education is the
National Technical Honor Society.

ACTE stands for
Association for Career and Technical Education.

HOSA uses_____ as their social media.
Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Linked in

Alumni Members have
no affiliation fee.

Six State health occupation student organizations met to plan the first NLC on
November 7, 1975 in Cherry Hill, NJ.

Abrasion- the process of scraping or wearing away.

Abscess- A confined pocket of pus that collects in tissues, organs, or spaces inside the body.

Adhesion- an abnormal union of membranous surfaces due to inflammation or injury.

Aesthetics- The study of psychological aspects of beauty, especially with the components thereof as they relate to appearance.

Afebrile- Without fever, denoting apyrexia; having a normal body temperature.

Alopecia- hair loss.

Ambulate- to walk.

Anabolism- the constructive phase of metabolism, in which the body cells synthesize protoplasm for growth and repair.

Analgesic- relieving pain.

Anastomosis- communication between two tubular organs.

Aneurysm- a sac formed by the localized dilatation of the wall of an artery, a vein, or the heart.

Angina- pain.

Ankyloglossia-

Anorexia-

Anticoagulant-

Antiemetic-

Antipyretic-

Antitussive-

Antrum-

Anuria-

Apraxia-

Articulate-

Aspirate-

Asymptomatic-

Ataxia-

Atelectasis- a collapse of lung tissue affecting part or all of one lung.

Athetosis- repetitive involuntary, slow, sinuous, writhing movements.

Atrophy- decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue.

Auscultation- listening for sounds produced within the body, chiefly to assess the condition of the thoracic or abdominal organs and vessels such as the heart, lungs, aorta, and intestines.