HK 233 Final

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The ACTH axis begins in which endocrine gland?
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Posterior hypothalamus
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According to Carl Jung, the unconscious mind is well versed in this method of articulating itself.
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Symbolic thinking
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There are many physiological cycles affected by environmental stressors. Which of the following cycles occurs more than once in a 24-hour period?
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Ultradian cycles
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“Cognitive Surplus” is a term the best explains:
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digital consciousness with online media
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Vasopressin is released from which gland?
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Pituitary
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The concept of “individuation” was coined by this person.
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Carl G. Jung
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College students have their own “life changes” or stressors. According to experts who track this information, these three “events” top the list of most stressful events during the academic year.
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Poor grades, financial problems, roommate problems
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The term “shallow effect” is related to this concept:
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the dumbing down of Americans from Internet exposure
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This level of the brain is called the seat of emotions because it appears to be the first to register pain
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the limbic area
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The term “individuation” refers to:
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the process of self-reflection toward wholeness
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Hans Selye listed this as the first stage of his General Adaptation Syndrome
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Alarm
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This type of stress is most commonly associated with illness and disease.
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Chronic Stress
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“Superstress” is a term coined by Dr. Roberta Lee to mean:
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21st century lifestyle stress
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The stress response initially involves this system.
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The Limbic system
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Which of the following defense mechanisms is not commonly associated with the psychology of everyday stress?
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Narcissism
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The “tend and befriend theory” proposed by Shelley Taylor speaks best to the coping technique used by:
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women
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According to experts, the field of sociology involves the study of human behavior within all but the following:
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societies
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This endocrine gland is called the master gland for its role in hormonal control.
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Pituitary
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Freud would not agree with the following statement:
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Defense mechanisms are conscious volitions
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This stressor would be classified as a bioecological influence.
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Inadequate sunlight
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Stressfully speaking, the anxiety from the digital divide, information overload, and cell phone proliferation can be summed up in one expression:
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Technostress
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This vitamin is called the sunshine vitamin
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Vitamin D
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Based on brain imaging research in the last decade, which of the following statements is not true?
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Damage to brain cells from chronic stress is reversible
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Jung would not agree with the following statement:
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Dreams are a fabrication of the unconscious mind
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The Yerkes-Dodson Theory suggests that:
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there is an optimal stress level that promotes performance
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It is suggested that attitudes and behaviors about race and gender begin in:
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grade school
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This term(s) explains the brain’s ability to create new cell tissue and repair itself well into adulthood
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Neuroplasticity
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Kubler-Ross’s original order of the grieving stages is:
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denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance
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Regarding stress management, the holistic wellness paradigm suggests that:
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All the above.. -one should address the causes and the symptoms of stress equally -the whole is equal to the sum of the parts -the Newtonian view of medicine is wrong -one should address the mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical aspects of well-being
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Tragic optimism is:
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finding or making the best of a terrible situation
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Dr. Wayne Dyer would not agree with this statement
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Guilt can be productive if it prevents worrying
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Leo Buscaglia would not agree with this statement:
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Love is innate to all human beings
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Positive psychology is based on these three aspects
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The study of happiness, positive virtues, and positive institution
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This psychologist’s concept of the Hierarchy of Needs nicely mirrors the concept of the chakra system
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Abraham Maslow
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The most common theme among theorists regarding the psychology of stress is:
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self-awareness
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In todays rapidly paced world, the terms “change” and “stress” are often used synonymously, by experts and ordinary people alike, to mean the same thing
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True
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Sociology is best described as the study of different cultures in the same locality
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False
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The vegetative level of the brain is thought to be the most primitive of the three levels
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True
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Freud was of the opinion that stress was an innate part of the human condition, and consequently, never fully resolvable
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True
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It is not the situation that one finds oneself in that is stressful, but the perception (interpretation) of the situation that determines one’s level of stress
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True
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Brain tissue is not able to adapt to the host of cognitive challenges and stimuli
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False
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The parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for the relaxation response
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True
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According to Jung, at some level of consciousness all minds connect at one point -the collective unconsciousness
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True
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“Tend and befriend” is a coping style used more by cancer patients than war veterans under stress
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False
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The shallow effect: web-linked jumping and cherry picking information leads to an inability to concentrate, focus, and comprehend a subject well
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True
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Neuroplasticity refers to the body’s ability to create new nerve cells closest to the skin
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False
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Jung believed that only recurring dreams were of significance to resolving stress related issues
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False
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By and large, healing and curing mean the same thing
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False
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Experts in the field of sociology suggest that narcissism and a lack of values promotes incivility in our culture
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True
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Like Jung, Viktor Frankl saw stress and suffering as a spiritual growth process
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True
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Emotional well-being is best described as “the ability to feel and express the entire range of emotions but to control them, not be controlled by them”
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True
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The term “presenteeism” is a corporate business term to describe high productivity levels often motivated by one’s optimal stress level
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False
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According to Dr. Wayne Dyer, basically, stressors fall into one of two categories: guilt or worry
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True
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Many biologists now refer to our age as the “sixth mass extinction” due to overhunting and fishing, loss of habitat, and pollution, all of which will impact us
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True
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The basic premise to Leo Buscaglia’s work is that we must be taught to love by our parents
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False
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The Tibetan perspective on stress distinguishes the mind as a combination of the self (false self) and the Self (higher self)
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True
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Stress that is intense in nature but short in duration
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Acute stress
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The growing abyss between people and the outdoor world
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Nature Deficit Disorder
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The endocrine glands that are located on top of each kidney that releases several stress hormones, it is also known as “the stress gland”
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Adrenal gland
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The term describing the search for meaning in ones life
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Logotherapy
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The three distinct physiological phases in reaction to chronic stress: the alarm phase, the resistance phase, and the exhaustion phase
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General Adaptation Syndrone
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A state in which people have distanced themselves so much from the natural environment that they cannot fathom the magnitude of their impact on it
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Environmental Disconnect
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A physiological process in which various body cells regenerate or grow
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Anabolic functioning
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A term used to describe that special quality that makes each one of us unique
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X-factor
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The ability to feel and express the full range of human emotions and to control these feelings
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Emotional Well-being
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The stress that accompanies a proliferation of technology, urban sprawl, and a glut of information on the Internet
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Future shock
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The damage to the body when the stress response functions improperly or for prolonged states, causing physical damage to the body
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Allostatic Load
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A term explaining the ill effects of unresolved guilt from an early childhood experience
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Leftover guilt
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The first stage of the general adaption syndrome in which a threat is perceived and the nervous system is triggered for survival
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Alarm Reaction
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A dramatic shift in society’s relationship to technology
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Cognitive Surplus
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A metabolic process in which metabolites are broken down for energy in preparation for, or in the process of, exercise
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Catabolic functioning
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The ability to turn suffering into a meaningful experience, and to learn from this experience with a positive perspective on life’s events
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Tragic optimism
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Stress that lingers for a prolonged period of time
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Chronic stress
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A field of study based on the principle that the mind and body are one, where thoughts and perceptions affect potentially all aspects of physiology
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Psychophysiology
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The term describing the guilt one places on oneself when a personal value has been compromised or violated
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Self imposed guilt
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The “rage reflex” is attributed to:
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Charles Darwin
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The type A characteristic is thought to be most closely related to coronary heart disease
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Hostile aggressive behavior
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Cognitive Restructuring is a term best described as:
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A rethinking process about a stressor
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This behavioral theory speaks to the nature of voluntary behaviors
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Operant Conditioning
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Emotional literacy refers to the ability to read and respond to:
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Your own emotions
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In terms of Type A behavior, polyphasia is best described as:
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Performing several tasks at one time
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NLP is best defined as:
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Neurolinguistic Programming
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This behavioral theory is based on the admiration of mentors
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Modeling conditioning
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The following can be accurately stated about the gender difference of anger
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Women not only express anger differently, they have different stressors
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Which of the following are thought to be the greatest social influences on Type A behavior?
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Material wealth, secularization, and immediate gratification
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This is the suggested order to reconstruct negative thoughts into positive ones:
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Awareness, reappraise, adopt, evaluate
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Of the following parts of one’s personality, which is thought to be the most difficult to influence with regard to stress?
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Values
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This mismanaged style of anger is represented by suppressing one’s feelings.
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Somatizers
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From his time in the concentration camps, Viktor Frankl learned this simple wisdom to help survive
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Take responsibility for your own thoughts
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This is the suggested order to make a positive behavioral change through the “Behavioral Modification Model”
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Awareness, desire, cognitive restructuring, substitution, evaluate
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The use of sarcasm would be a mismanaged anger trait exhibited by:
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Underhanders
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This statement best describes the codependent personality according to Anne Wilson Schaef.
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The addictive personality
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“Brief grief” is considered:
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A form of healthy grieving
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Assertiveness can best be described as:
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-Expressing personal rights and feelings -That which is neither passive nor aggressive
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Systematic desensitization can best be described as:
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Repeatedly exposing oneself to tolerable levels of stressors
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The helpless-hopeless personality is most closely associated with this fear
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External locus of control
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What aspect differentiates (James) Prochaska’s Behavior Change Model from other models?
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The relapse stage
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Depression is:
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A possible by-product of anger and/or fear
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These three characteristics are thought to be associated with what is now known as the hardy personality
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Challenge, control, and commitment
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This trait, more than any other, distinguishes the sensation-seeker personality
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Calculated risk taking
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Self-esteem is thought to comprise the following components
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Connectedness, uniqueness, power, and role models
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Nien Cheng, a political prisoner in Shanghai, would be a prime example of this personality type
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Survivor personality
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This statement is NOT true regarding creative anger management strategies
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Learn to disassociate from your anger
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From research about women and stress, until anger can be validated, it cannot be expressed correctly.
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True
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The unconscious mind is believed to control as much as 40-50% of one’s behavior.
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False
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Cognitive restructuring is an important step in behavioral change.
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True
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Studies show that women are more likely to feel anger as guilt or shame, whereas men are more likely to express anger aggressively
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True
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The idea that personality traits associated with anxiety and depression affect the course of heart disease is now supported by data.
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True
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NLP is based on the concept that language does not confine thinking.
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False
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Aggressiveness always involves a sense of diplomacy, particularly with the expression of feelings
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False
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Research reveals that randomly vented anger is a healthy means of emotional catharsis
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False
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Conceptually, “thought stopping” is the same thing as self-talk
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False
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Of the four mismanaged anger styles, the somatizers suppress feelings of anger
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True
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The unconscious mind understands negative thoughts well
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False
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An attribute of the typical underhanders is passive-aggressive anger
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True
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“Unconscious resistance” is known to counteract toxic thoughts
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False
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Fear of failure and fear of rejection are really the same thing
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False
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Psychologists suggest that depression is best described as ” anger turned inward”
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True
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Happiness is either the anticipation of an event of the realization of living in the present moment
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True
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A mindset where one tends to see (or hope for) the bad in every situation
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Awfulizing
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The process of learning to de-stress from something by brief, yet safe, encounters with the stressor
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Exposure Desensitization
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A condition where things are always viewed in extremes, either extremely good or horribly bad
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Polarized thinking
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These are beliefs about our values, often expressed as opinions
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Attitude
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An instance when anxiety overcomes one’s thoughts based on a non-physical threat to one’s existence
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Unwarranted Fear
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A learned behavior to a stimulus with regard to involuntary functions
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Classical Conditioning
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Used in association with codependent behavior, thinking that one can control things/others that one really cannot
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Illusion of Control
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The ability to use both right-brain and left brain thinking processes to successfully deal with a problem or stressor
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Biphasic Personality Traits
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The addiction to a behavioral process such as shopping, gambling, television cutting and codependent behaviors
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Process Addiction
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Emotional release through crying, laughing, yelling and the like
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Catharsis
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Actions that are based on conscious or unconscious thoughts
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Behaviors
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A mindset of continually blaming others or seeing yourself as the victim
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Victimization
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Distorting a situation beyond how bad it actually is
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Cognitive Distortion
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Repeated negative thought processing that tends to pollute our view of our lives and ourselves
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Toxic thoughts
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The last stage in von Oech’s creative process template, in which the idea is taken to the street and campaigned to the rest of the world for its merits
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Warrior
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Also known as the 80/20 Rule, the time-management technique prioritizes tasks by the satisfaction factor
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Pareto Principle
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First coined by Plato, describing the reason why people laugh, is at other people’s expense
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Superiority Theory
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A term used to describe the therapeutic effects of self-discovery through active awareness in journaling
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Transpsychological
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Physical gestures that tend to replace words, such as the thumbs up signal
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Emblems
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These are the three essential criteria for effective journal writing:
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Identify concerns, identify emotions, and seek resolution
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This is not considered one of the “Three P’s” of time management
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Punctuality
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Metamessages are defined by Dr. Deborah Tannen as:
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Indirectness of one’s actual intention to communicate
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This is considered to be the first step in the creative solving process
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Description of the problem
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Humor is best described as:
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a perception
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In his efforts to study the benefits of journal writing, Ira Progoff discovered the following:
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Individuals who started journal writing while on welfare were more likely to find employment and better housing faster
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Time management is actually a prime example of social orchestration, where you manipulate factors in your environment for the path of least resistance
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True
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The “Sapir-Whorf” hypothesis suggests that:
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Our perception of reality is based on the limits of our vocabulary
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According to creative consultant Author VanGundy, left brain thinking falls in the domain of
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Cultural roadblocks
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This type of humor is thought to be the least suited to reduce stress
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Sarcasm
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Research shows that keeping a blog about one’s thoughts and feelings is more effective than writing in a notebook for a healthy catharsis
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False
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Facial expressions are an example of this type of nonverbal communication
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Affect displays
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Creativity can be a great coping technique for stress, but the irony is that fear (stress) can block the creative process
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True
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Bugs Bunny and Road Runner cartoons share this type of humor
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Slapstick Humor
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The stress of “poverty consciousness” is best described this way:`
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The fear of not having enough money
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The 3rd of three aspects essential for effective time management, in which tasks are actually accomplished
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Execution
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A term coined by Deborah Tannen suggesting that exaggerated conversation styles become intensified under stress, thus adding to miscommunication
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Schismogenesis
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The inability to write down one’s thoughts and feelings, usually attributed to fear
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Writer’s block
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A style of humor where something or someone is made fun of
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Parody
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Obstacles to the creative process, placed by the ego, in the role of the judge
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Perceptual Roadblocks
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Poetry therapy is an aspect of journal writing in that these entries may eventually be shared with others, win contests, and thus help raise one’s self esteem
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False
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Giving the “OK” sign to someone is labeled as this aspect of nonverbal communication
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Emblems/Illustrators
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Thinking “outside the box” is an example of this stage of the creative process
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The explorer
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Split-brain research has shown that humor is a left brain function
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False
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The foundation of sound time management skills includes these aspects
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Prioritize, adequately schedule, and execute person daily stressors to satisfaction
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Poetry therapy is considered to be a form of
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Journal writing
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This conflict style is thought to be the hardest to resolve
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Ego conflict
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Making mistakes is not encouraged in the creative process
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False
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For humor to exist, there must be these three things: humorous stimulation, a perception of the stimulation, and an expression of humor
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True
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Experts suggest you put away this much money from your monthly income in savings
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10%
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Current research reveals that journal writing helps in the following way:
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All the above.. -decrease one’s resting blood pressure -decrease one’s cholesterol levels -decrease one’s symptoms of fibromyalgia -decrease one’s sense of grieving
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With regard to speaking patterns, regulators are often used to manipulate a conversation through nonverbal gestures
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True
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According to creative consultant Arthur VanGundy, negative feedback (fear) falls in the domain of:
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Emotional roadblocks
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This type of humor is thought to be best suited to reduce stress related anger and help maintain a sense of psychic balance
answer

self-parody
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Tips for “financial freedom” include all but the following:
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dont lend money to your friends
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Journal writing offers a good immediate catharsis, but offers little in the way of long-term resolutions
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False
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Of the five suggested styles of conflict management, dialogue is thought to be the best because all parties are allowed to contribute
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True
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Abraham Maslow’s term “primary creativity” would best be described as:
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Right brain thinking
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Comic Stephen Colbert’s (The Colbert Report) and Saturday Night Live’s humor can best be described as:
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Satire
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This is not considered one of the “Three C’s” of time management
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Creativity
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Personal constraints such as time, money, or a host of responsibilities that impede the creative process
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Environmental Roadblocks
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A scheduling technique used in time management for which errands are grouped by location
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Clustering
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The prioritization, scheduling, and execution of daily responsibilities to a level of personal satisfaction
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Time management
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Speaking aspects such as volume, tone, and pitch
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Paralanguage
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Humor described as vulgar, crude, and tasteless
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Bathroom humor
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Clustering is a term used to describe someone who is extremely pressed for time with too much to do
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False
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One significant reason why text messaging and emails compound the stress associated with communication is that there is no voice intonation
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True
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As described by Roger von Oech, this role can ruin the creative process
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The judge
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Blonde jokes and Polish jokes would be best identified with this theory
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Superiority theory
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Neuromarketing is a marketing concept based on Neuro-Linguistic Programming, which encourages people to buy things they THINK they really need
answer

False

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