History Unit 4 EQs

question

Which dynasty saw the development of writing
answer

shang dynasty
question

how did writing help unite China
answer

people in all different parts of China could learn the written language even if their spoken language was different
question

How did the invention of paper indirectly help improve the Chinese gov.
answer

it made it easier for people to study for the gov. test
question

How did the invention of paper directly improve the Chinese Government
answer

it allowed them to keep records
question

How did Confucius believe leaders should rule over their people
answer

with kindness and virtuous living, in return subjects should be loyal and law-abiding
question

What was Confucianism
answer

an ethical system based on right and wrong that became the foundation for Chinese gov.
question

why was confucianism important to the Civil Service system
answer

because to be part of the civil service system, you had to take a test based on Confucianism
question

the one serious flaw in the Civil Service system
answer

poor people could not afford to spend time studying instead of working, meaning that most gov. workers were from the upper class.
question

What positive results came from the revival and expansion of the civil service system during the Tang Dynasty
answer

there were smarter, more qualified people working for the government which lead to a stable gov.
question

How did Shi Huangdi go about unifying China
answer

by establishing a strong gov. which he did by conquering the rival kings who ruled small states throughout China
question

Why wasn’t Shi Huangdi popular with the nobles or the peasants
answer

during his rule, there were high taxes, harsh labor quotas and sever penal system
question

How did the Qin Dynasty come to an end
answer

when Shi Huangdi’s son proved to be a weak, ineffective leader,and the people rebelled
question

What enabled the Han Dynasty to be stable and prosperous for over 400 years
answer

•departing from strict legalism, lowering taxes, and softening harsh punishments •complex bureaucracy, confucianism, great advances in technology and culture •to unify the empire, gov. encouraged assimilation and they wrote down China’s history
question

How was Kublai Khan able to rule effectively while being vastly outnumbered by the Chinese
answer

he did not use harsh Mongol ways of ruling, kept locals out of gov.
question

Why did trade flourish during Kublai Khan’s rule
answer

due to mongol peace, which made caravan routes across central asia safe for trade and travel.
question

why did Kubli Kahn’s desire for more land, including unsuccessful attacks on Japan, result in the end of Mongol rule in China
answer

it burdened the treasury and created resentment among overtaxed Chinese

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