History of Psychology Test 2

In 1867, Wundt offered the first course ever given in
physiological psychology
Ebbinghaus and König argued that psychology and physiology
are inseparable halves of a new great double science
This popular lecturer at the University of Vienna influenced many students including von Ehrenfels and Freud and was the intellectual antecedent of Gestalt psychology and humanistic psychology
Franz Brentano
When Ebbinghaus compared the speed of memorizing lists of nonsense syllables versus stanzas of a poem he found that
meaningless material is nine times harder to learn than meaningful material
For Wundt, feelings are
based on three dimensions including pleasure/displeasure
Wundt argued that cognitive processes such as learning and memory could not be studied by experimental methods because
they were influenced by language and aspects thereof
Wundt’s most important contribution to psychology was
All of the above
Ebbinghaus is important for the history of psychology because he
successfully challenged Wundt’s claim that higher mental processes, such as learning and memory, could not be studied in the laboratory
Wundt’s doctrine of apperception was also known as the
law of psychic resultants
Act psychology, in contrast to Wundt’s approach, claimed that psychology should
study mental processes or functions and not mental structure
Wundt’s system is most accurately called
experimental psychology
In Wundt’s laboratory, introspection was used to assess
immediate experience
As his measure of learning, Ebbinghaus adapted a method from
the associationists
This person was influenced by Fechner’s rigid and systematic use of measurement in developing his own methods for researching higher level cognitive processes.
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Ebbinghaus measured the rate of human learning by
counting the number of repetitions needed for one perfect reproduction of the material
The subject matter of psychology is the act of experiencing, according to
Brentano
The psychological study of music was pioneered by
Stumpf
Wundt’s productivity as a writer can be quantified by his output, which averaged
2.2 pages a day for over 50 years
Because some time elapsed between the experience and the reporting of it, critics charged that introspection was really a form of
retrospection
With Titchener’s structuralism as an idea to oppose, psychology
moved far beyond his initial boundaries
Of the 56 doctoral degrees Titchener conferred, what percentage were given to women?
more than a third
Titchener’s research identified three elements of consciousness: sensations, affective states, and
images
By 1896, Titchener had identified approximately how many elements of sensation
more than 44,000
Who argued that the mind may observe all phenomena but its own
Comte
Toward the end of Titchener’s career, he came to favor the ____ method instead of the ____ method
phenomenological; introspective
By the 1920s the term used by Titchener for his system of psychology was
existential
Titchener’s introspection method was most like ____ method.
Külpe’s
When Titchener returned to Oxford with his doctorate from Wundt, his colleagues
were skeptical of the use of scientific approaches to philosophical questions
One of the main reasons that Titchener’s thought was believed to closely parallel that of Wundt was that Titchener
translated Wundt’s books from German into English
Which of the following was a topic to be explored by Titchener’s psychology
All the choices are correct
Who scolded Titchener for still practicing “a very old fashioned standpoint” in excluding women from psychology meetings
Ladd-Franklin
Titchener argued that psychology is unique among the sciences because
psychology alone is dependent on experiencing persons
In their evaluation of Titchener’s theoretical viewpoint toward the end of his career, Schultz and Schultz conclude that he was
as flexible and open to change as scientists are supposed to be
Titchener spent most of his career at
Cornell University
The sum of our experiences as they exist at a particular moment is Titchener’s definition of
consciousness
The sum of our experiences accumulated over a lifetime is Titchener’s definition of
mind
What had the greatest impact upon Galton’s view on the measurement of intelligence
Locke’s theory that all knowledge comes through the senses
In a public debate on evolution, ____ refuted the points made against evolution by ____
Huxley; Wilberforce
Darwin’s position on Lamarck’s idea that changes due to experiences can be inherited was the ____ of Lamarck’s ____
acceptance; doctrine
What additional interest(s) did Galton research
All of the above
Which of the of the following statements best summarizes the protest of functional psychology against Wundt and Titchener
Functional psychology claimed that Wundt’s and Titchener’s approaches were too restrictive because they did not study the practical value of mental processes.
According to ____, animals have no soul and thus are automata.
Descartes
Which of the following works were most influential in the development of functionalism
The work of Darwin and Galton and comparative research
In his book ____, Darwin emphasized the similarity between human and animal mental processes
The Descent of Man
Galton’s measures of intellectual functioning assumed correlation between intelligence and
acuteness of the senses
The first person(s) to engage in large studies of experimental comparative psychology was/were
Morgan
Which of the following are influenced by Galton’s work
All of the above
The idea of measures clustering around the of center or average of a distribution should be attributed to
Quetelet
Wundt’s early position on animal intelligence was that
any sensory capacity at all allowed for judgment and drawing of conscious inferences
In his journal Mind, Darwin describes
the developmental stages of his son in relation to human evolution
Who wrote a 16th-century book on individual differences and argued that children’s education should be individualized to recognize such differences
Huarte
Who was the first to show that biological and social data were normally distributed
Quetelet
To study mental imagery, Galton used which self-report method
the questionnaire
The work of Romanes was especially flawed because of his
use of the anecdotal method
Galton’s Hereditary Genius was mainly concerned with
a statistical analysis of the concept of eminent men producing eminent offspring
Wundt’s data were objective measures
True
The components of the tridimensional theory are pleasantness, brightness, and contrast.
False
For Wundt, the elements of the mind are sensations and feelings
True
The method of systematic experimental introspection was developed by Wundt.
False
Titchener’s introspective observers agreed quite closely when reporting on the same stimulus
False
The criticisms directed at the method of introspection were more relevant to Titchener’s method of observation than they were to Wundt’s method.
True
Titchener could be regarded as somewhat open-minded in his attitudes toward the rights of women
True
The quality of Galton’s research is verified by its reliability, as assessed as recently as 1985
True
When psychologists began to examine mental processes in a completely different way than biologists studied anatomy, they laid the groundwork for functional psychology.
False
A fundamental thesis of Darwin’s Origin was the principle of survival of the strongest.
False