History of Psych – CH 13

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A basic difference between psychoanalysis and the other systems of psychology was that
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the other systems had an academic background and a focus on pure science.
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A topic addressed by psychoanalysis and essentially ignored by the other schools of psychology was
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the unconscious.
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The analogy that the mind is like an iceberg, with its bulk hidden from view (unconscious), is attributed to
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Fechner.
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The person who most strongly influenced humane reforms for the mentally ill in the United States was
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Dix.
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The techniques of Mesmer
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were investigated and he was discredited and often involved convulsions.
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Freud’s interest in a scientific strategy to acquiring knowledge has been attributed to his reading of
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Darwin.
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Freud’s use of hypnosis was a direct consequence of
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his association with Breuer and a research grant to study with Charcot.
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The goal of Freud’s therapies was to
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make the unconscious conscious.
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Freud argued that whether an event happened in childhood
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is less important than the patient’s belief that it occurred.
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According to Freud, the biological, need-related part of everyone’s personality is the
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id.
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At the time of Freud’s death, the dominant form of American psychology was ________.
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behaviorism
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The creator of monadology was ________.
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Leibnitz
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\”A new movement requires something to revolt against\”; Freud opposed the current trends in ________.
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the treatment of mental disorders
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Rush’s treatment techniques reflect ________.
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All of the choices are correct.
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Freud’s self-analysis was precipitated by ________.
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the worsening of his own neurotic symptoms
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Freud died as the result of _________.
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a morphine overdose
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Self-preservation as a major human motive was expressed by Freud in his notion of the ________.
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libido
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In Freud’s system, personality development is built on the ________.
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psychosexual stages
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Catharsis
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process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions
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Defense mechanisms
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mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations
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Dream analysis
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psychoanalytic technique in which the therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of the client’s dreams.
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Ego
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Reality principle
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Free association
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A psychotherapeutic technique in which the patient says whatever comes to mind.
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Freudian slip
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slip of the tongue by which it is thought a person unintentionally reveals his or her true feelings
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Id
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Pleasure principle
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Instincts
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Innate tendencies that determine behavior
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Libido
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To Freud, the psychic energy that drives a person toward pleasurable thoughts and behaviors; sex drive
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Monadology
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Leibnitz’s theory of psychic entities, called monads, which are similar to perceptions.
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Oedipus complex
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(Freud) a boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
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Psychosexual stages
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In psychoanalytic theory, the developmental stages of childhood centering on erogenous zones.
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Repression
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Defense mechanism by which anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings are forced to the unconscious.
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Resistance
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A blockage or refusal to disclose painful memories during a free association session.
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Superego
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morality principle
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Transference
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The process by which a patient responds to the therapist as if the therapist were a significant person (such as a parent) in the patient’s life.

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