History of Civilization – Chapter 3 – Flashcards

question
The Zhou rose up and overthrew the Shang in about
answer
1050 B.C.E.
question
According to Daoism, human society
answer
prospers when government is least intrusive.
question
Confucius redefined the term junxi to mean
answer
a man of moral cultivation.
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Anyang was
answer
the seat of Shang government for more than two centuries.
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The crop well suited to the Yellow River basin was
answer
wheat.
question
In Shang culture, the taotie was a
answer
stylized animal face image.
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All of the following are features of southern China except
answer
drought is a perennial problem.
question
The written Chinese language
answer
was a major factor in social, cultural, and political unity.
question
According to the text, the military technology of the Shang dynasty included all of the following except
answer
gunpowder.
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The historical, or premodern, China
answer
did not include Manchuria.
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A follower of Confucius, Mencius claimed
answer
human nature is fundamentally good.
question
Around 350 B.C.E. Chinese military technology developed the
answer
crossbow.
question
According to the text, Confucianism and Daoism
answer
were mutually exclusive belief systems.
question
Many Legalist politics were adopted by
answer
the state of Qin.
question
Confucius believed that peaceful social relations and effective government were the product of
answer
benevolent conduct.
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The thinker Xunzi argued that
answer
people are born selfish and greedy but can be trained to be good.
question
In the philosophy of the Laozi, people would be better off if they
answer
knew less.
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Northern China, compared to southern China
answer
receives less rain.
question
In the Yangzi River basin, the predominant agricultural activity was
answer
rice farming.
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The traditional dates for the life of Confucius are
answer
551-479 B.C.E.
question
Confucius's ideas are known primarily through the sayings recorded in the
answer
The Analects.
question
According to Confucius, the basic unit of society was the
answer
family
question
The development of more complex forms of social organization in Shang China coincided with the mastery of
answer
metalworking.
question
A ruler retains the Mandate of Heaven as long as he
answer
rules in the best interests of the people.
question
According to Han Feizi, politics must be based on
answer
the power to reward and punish.
question
The predominate image on Shang bronze decorations are
answer
wild animals.
question
The first Chinese Dynasty to have writing, cities, and metalworking was
answer
Shang.
question
Agriculture has been practiced in China since about
answer
10,000 B.C.E..
question
The Zhuangzi
answer
questioned whether life was better than death.
question
Around 350 B.C.E. Chinese soldiers began wearing armor that was largely made from
answer
leather.
question
In the Chinese logographic system of writing
answer
each word was represented by a single symbol.
question
The majority of recovered bronze objects from the Shang dynasty are
answer
ritual vessels.
question
Yin and yang represent
answer
the complementary masculine and feminine principles of nature.
question
All of the following were features of Shang cities except
answer
the most densely populated settlements in the ancient world.
question
In Zhou times, Confucian ideas
answer
attracted a small but dedicated following.
question
Texts from royal tombs indicate that Shang kings were
answer
warriors.
question
According to Confucius, the only relationship that was based on mutual obligations between equals was that of
answer
friend and friend.
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question
The Zhou rose up and overthrew the Shang in about
answer
1050 B.C.E.
question
According to Daoism, human society
answer
prospers when government is least intrusive.
question
Confucius redefined the term junxi to mean
answer
a man of moral cultivation.
question
Anyang was
answer
the seat of Shang government for more than two centuries.
question
The crop well suited to the Yellow River basin was
answer
wheat.
question
In Shang culture, the taotie was a
answer
stylized animal face image.
question
All of the following are features of southern China except
answer
drought is a perennial problem.
question
The written Chinese language
answer
was a major factor in social, cultural, and political unity.
question
According to the text, the military technology of the Shang dynasty included all of the following except
answer
gunpowder.
question
The historical, or premodern, China
answer
did not include Manchuria.
question
A follower of Confucius, Mencius claimed
answer
human nature is fundamentally good.
question
Around 350 B.C.E. Chinese military technology developed the
answer
crossbow.
question
According to the text, Confucianism and Daoism
answer
were mutually exclusive belief systems.
question
Many Legalist politics were adopted by
answer
the state of Qin.
question
Confucius believed that peaceful social relations and effective government were the product of
answer
benevolent conduct.
question
The thinker Xunzi argued that
answer
people are born selfish and greedy but can be trained to be good.
question
In the philosophy of the Laozi, people would be better off if they
answer
knew less.
question
Northern China, compared to southern China
answer
receives less rain.
question
In the Yangzi River basin, the predominant agricultural activity was
answer
rice farming.
question
The traditional dates for the life of Confucius are
answer
551-479 B.C.E.
question
Confucius's ideas are known primarily through the sayings recorded in the
answer
The Analects.
question
According to Confucius, the basic unit of society was the
answer
family
question
The development of more complex forms of social organization in Shang China coincided with the mastery of
answer
metalworking.
question
A ruler retains the Mandate of Heaven as long as he
answer
rules in the best interests of the people.
question
According to Han Feizi, politics must be based on
answer
the power to reward and punish.
question
The predominate image on Shang bronze decorations are
answer
wild animals.
question
The first Chinese Dynasty to have writing, cities, and metalworking was
answer
Shang.
question
Agriculture has been practiced in China since about
answer
10,000 B.C.E..
question
The Zhuangzi
answer
questioned whether life was better than death.
question
Around 350 B.C.E. Chinese soldiers began wearing armor that was largely made from
answer
leather.
question
In the Chinese logographic system of writing
answer
each word was represented by a single symbol.
question
The majority of recovered bronze objects from the Shang dynasty are
answer
ritual vessels.
question
Yin and yang represent
answer
the complementary masculine and feminine principles of nature.
question
All of the following were features of Shang cities except
answer
the most densely populated settlements in the ancient world.
question
In Zhou times, Confucian ideas
answer
attracted a small but dedicated following.
question
Texts from royal tombs indicate that Shang kings were
answer
warriors.
question
According to Confucius, the only relationship that was based on mutual obligations between equals was that of
answer
friend and friend.