History of Athletic Training

Flashcard maker : Rebecca Mallory
Greek/Panhellenic Games (predecessor to Olympics)
Used gymnasti – had knowledge of anatomy/dietetics, used hot baths and massages for recovery
Herodicus
Most famous Greek AT
Considered a physician and AT
Taught Hippocrates
First person to recommend exercise as prescription for disease
who Theorized that movementnutrition
Galen
Gladiators’ AT
promoted diet and exercise
abstinence of strong drinks and certain foods
Fall of Roman Empire
Lack of interest in org. sport
major interests:plundering/pillaging
People relied on person w/ special powers to bless their hunts and conquests
Late 19th Century
Intercollegiate and interscholastic sports in the US emerged
Amateur Boxing very popular – Tom Cruise in Movie \”Far and Away\”
First Athletic Trainers
Questionable characters: the do all: towel boy, water boy, coach, promotors = jack of all trades
Some promoted diet, exercise, and conditioning but no formal training or technical knowledge
usd folk medicine, elixirs, home remedies, bordered on quackery
– home remedies had cocaine/narcotics in them – obvi made ppl feel better and get hooked
Athletic Trainer as a Title
Terms used interchangeably: AT, Trainer, athletic training and confused with each other
\”Training\” implies coaching/teaching
\”Trainer\” implies someone who works w/ dogs/horses
Certified AT = ATC = specialized to care for physically active population’s heath and safety
20th Century – Dr. SE Bilik
Recognized a need for sports coverage (AT)
Wrote first major text for managing athletic injuries THE TRAINER’S BIBLE 1917
The Father of AT
During Medical School in Illinois he worked w/ athletes in afternoon and saw a need for a standardized management of injuries
Frank and Chuck Cramer (1930s)
Brothers from Gardner, Kansas
Had chemical business and founded Cramer Products. Made liniment to treat sprained ankles, found there was a market for products to treat injured athletes. Result:
the company furnish training supplies around the world today
They develop tapes, hot packs, etc.
Recognized a need for sharing ideas and techniques in seminars
Started publishing THE FIRST AIDER (1932) – first sports med newsletter
Athletic Trainers Meeting – 1939
Rise in interest in Sports Med
There is a first meeting held, De Moines, Iowa
Precursor to NATA
Formed in response to huge interest in sports injuries
Provided a forum to share ideas in conjunction w/ Drake Relays
Struggled to exist during WWII and disappeared until 1944 b/c sports med ppl went to war to treat soldiers
1950’s NATA Formally Organized
(NATIONAL ATHLETIC TRAINERS ASSOCIATION)
Originally, 200 members
Held in Kansas City and called the First National Training Clinic (1950)
Elected 9 directors from all over country
Provided means to share and spread info
Est. professional standards for practice of sports med
1970’s
Certifying procedure begun
Membership numbers first tracked in 1974 yielded 4500 members
Specific coursework required to apply for Exam
Certifying Exam initiated
CE Units Required
1974: establish curriculum, board certification exam, continuing education requirements
Tangent – Fight btw PT’s and AT’s began in 1974 – who should do what?
NATA 1990
We are recognized as an ALLIED HEALTH PROFESSION by the AMA (American Medical Association)
www.nata.org
NATA today
The mission of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association is to enhance the quality of health care provided by certified athletic trainers and to advance the athletic training profession
Over 35,000 members, >50% women
400 members in 25 countries
Elected Executive Director, along w/ a National President
10 District Presidents, Utah = 7

based in Dallas, Texas
10 District Directors comprise the NATA’s Board of Directors – along w/ president, vice president, and secretary/treasurer
Many Departments
– Governmental Relations, Public Relations
– Publications, Membership Services
– Education Council

Milestones in Athletic Training
– Certification Exam
– Recognition of athletic trainers as healthcare providers (NATA being the primary driving force)
– Increased diversity of practice settings
– Passage of practice acts in most states
– Third party reimbursement for athletic training services (Insurance Companies)
– Ongoing re-evaluation, revision, and reform of athletic training educational programs
NATA Education Council
(nataec.org)
the education council series at NATA’s voice in matters related to AT education
– Governing BODY
– What’t our name, how do we get third party reimbursement, what do we make our requirements for bachelors, masters, etc
Athletic Training Certification
ATC – certified AT
CAATE approved program = COMMISSION ON ACCREDITATION OF ATHLETIC TRAINING EDUCATION (jr-at.org)
—— makes sure accredited programs are prepared and meet requirements
Mission: to provide comprehensive accreditation services to institutions that offer Athletic Training degree programs and verify that all CAATE accredited programs meet the acceptable educational standards for athletic training education
Course Work
Introductory AT
Anatomy, physiology, exercise physiology, kinesiology, biomechanics
Nutrition, pharmacology, First Aid
Therapeutic Modalities and Exercise
Personal and Community Healh
Psychology, Administration, UE/LE Eval.
NATA Exam
must graduate from a CAATE accredited program to apply for exam
Given several times/year all over country
Exam is computer based, may have a practical exam in future
NATABOC (botatc.org)
organization that proctors exam
maintains certification of athletic trainers
oversees continuing educating units
Careers in Athletic Training
high school, college, pros
Clinical, industrial, curriculum directors
Changing face of athletic training
traditional work setting – colleges, universities, secondary schools
today’s settings = more than 40% of ATC’s are employed by clinics, hospitals, industrial or occupational settings under a physician or extender
Ex: rodeo, NASCAR, performing arts, entertainment, military, NASA, law enforcement, industrial/corporate wellness
Typical Day for AT
maintenance of medical files, injury reports
Meet with athletes who need physical referral and or rehab = gatekeeper = first responder
Communicate w/ MD, coaches, athletes about practice status
Work with athletes for rehab
Supervise/teach students in program
Duties
maintain facility, supervise drug testing, counsel athletes, teach courses, pre-practice, practice and post practice needs

Works under supervision of team physician (under their license)
advocate for athlete and health
not always popular w/ coaches/athlete
much be calm and smart under pressure

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