History 202 exam 2

Flashcard maker : Sonia Kelly
dawes severality act
an attempt to assimilate native americans, it provided 160 acres of land to native americans willing to accept certain terms; after 25 years they could become american citizens
frederick jackson turner
United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)
the significance of the frontier in american history
a paper written by Frederick Jackson Turner who argued that the development of American individualism, nationalism & democracy was shaped by the frontier experience (his \”Thesis); America didn’t have a hereditary landed nobility.
seventeenth amendment
allowed americans to vote directly for U.S senators
eighteenth amendment
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
nineteenth amendment
granted women the right to vote in 1920
boxer rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the \”foreign devils\”. The rebellion was ended by British troops. it seized the entire foreign diplomatic corps which took refuge in the british embassy in beijing
open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
grover cleveland
American president who refused to annex Hawaii on the grounds that the native ruler had been unjustly deposed
annexation of hawaii
U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to do this
queen liliukalani
A queen of Hawaii who was opposed to the continuing American attempts to seize control of Hawaii. She posed a problem to American settlers who desired to control the islands, her kinda violent overthrow made it hard for US to accept hawii as a state
panama canal
a channel through Central American linking the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It had been an unfulfilled dream of many nations and Roosevelt was determined to achieve it.
mann act
1909- An act focused on reducing prostitution by prohibiting white slavery, and banning the interstate transport of females for \”immoral purposes\”.
homestead act 1862
this allowed a settler to acquire 160 acres by living on it for five years, improving it and paying about $30
great rapprochment
called \”patting the eagle’s head\” –reconciliation between U.S. and Britain where the latter decided that their friendship with the U.S. was more important than winning a boundary dispute
explosion of the maine
The sudden explosion of an American naval ship stationed in Havana Harbor, in Cuba; this spontaneous event was immediately blamed on Spanish enemies by yellow journals, with little to no evidence supporting these theories,and was one of the main events that led the U.S. into war with the Spanish. loss of almost 260 people
rough riders
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
roosevelts square deal
control of corporations, consumer protection, conservation
alfred thayer mahan
American Naval officer and historian. He is most famous for his book \”The Influence of Sea Power on History\” which defined Naval strategy. His philosophies had a major influence on the Navies of many nations resulting in a igniting of naval races between countries.
The Influence of Sea Power on History
It details the role of sea power throughout history and discusses the various factors needed to support and achieve sea power, with emphasis on having the largest and most powerful fleet. By Alfred Mahan.
social darwinism
The application of ideas about evolution and \”survival of the fittest\” to human societies – particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
yellow journalist
writing which exaggerates sensational, dramatic, and gruesome events to attract reader, named for stories that were popular during the late 1800’s
commodore george dewey
admiral of the united states navy and best known for his victory during the spanish – american war
the progressive movement
An early-20th-century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct the injustices in American life.
muckrakers
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
triple entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
triple alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
archduke franz ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WWI.
blank check
Germany swears to support Austria-Hungary in any actions it takes against Serbia
luisitania
British passanger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1200 people died and 128 Americans died.
zimmerman telegram
Telegram sent by Germans to encourage a Mexican attack against the United States. Intercepted by the US in 1917.
selective service act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
american expeditionary force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing. Included the regular army, the National Guard, and the new larger force of volunteers and draftees and they served as individuals
general john pershing
led the American Expeditionary Force; urged that the AEF operate as an independent fighting force, under American command; was made General of the Armies of the United States, which is the highest rank given to an officer
fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
league of nations
International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s.
wilsonianism
President Wilson’s idealistic world view of opposing imperialism, war, revolution and the belief in democracy/democratic peace theory

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