HIST-17B Final Essay

question

The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889 __________. (Ch 18)
answer

reversed federal Indian policy that had been in place since the 1830s
question

The Santa Fe Ring was a group of land spectators, lawyers, and politicians who __________. (Ch 18)
answer

cheated Mexicanos out of their landholdings
question

One result of the mining boom in the West was __________. (Ch 18)
answer

the creation of strong and effective unions
question

The people who benefited most from the Homestead Act were the __________. (Ch 18)
answer

Land Speculators.
question

On the Great Plains, the most successful farmers were those with __________. (Ch 18)
answer

money and political power
question

The Cherokee responded to pressure from whites by __________. (Ch 18)
answer

learning English, becoming Christians, and adopting farming
question

Under the Treaty of Fort Laramie, the Sioux __________. (Ch 18)
answer

were granted the Black Hills “as long as the grass shall grow”
question

Under human use, the natural environment of the West __________. (Ch 18)
answer

was destroyed or significantly degraded
question

Cattle ranchers responded to the growing numbers of farmers and sheepherders in the West in the 1880s by __________. (Ch 18)
answer

destroying fences put up by the farmers and sheepherders
question

Sand Creek was the scene of __________. (Ch 18)
answer

an unprovoked massacre of Cheyenne Indians by Colorado Volunteers
question

The Good Neighbor Policy focused on U.S. relations with __________. (Ch 20)
answer

Latin America
question

Who did the Democrats nominate for president in 1896? (Ch 20)
answer

William Jennings Bryan
question

The 1898 massacre in Wilmington, North Carolina, was a white response to fears that African Americans would ally with the __________. (Ch 20)
answer

Populists
question

The town of Pullman, Illinois, was an example of __________. (Ch 20)
answer

a company town
question

The Interstate Commerce Commission was established in 1887 to regulate __________. (Ch 20)
answer

railroads
question

Passage of the Pendleton Act in 1883 indicated __________. (Ch 20)
answer

that both parties recognized a need to professionalize government service
question

Supporters of the new People’s Party founded in 1890 called themselves __________. (Ch 20)
answer

Populists
question

In general, the presidents of the last quarter of the nineteenth century __________. (Ch 20)
answer

lacked luster and accomplished little
question

Discontented farmers aimed their harshest criticism against __________. (Ch 20)
answer

railroads
question

The Granger movement collapsed when __________. (Ch 20)
answer

the depression of the 1870s wiped out their programs
question

Fredrick Jackson Turner argued that, with the closing of the frontier, Americans (Ch 20)
answer

required a new frontier outside America
question

Ida B. Wells won little white support with her crusade against (Ch 20)
answer

lynching
question

Josiah Strong was most closely associated with what aspect of the imperial impulse? (Ch 20)
answer

Christian missionary work
question

William D. “Big Bill” Haywood was the best known and most influential spokesman for the __________. (Ch 21)
answer

IWW
question

The keys to strength of urban political machines were disciplined organization and __________. (Ch 21)
answer

the delivery of essential services to key constituencies
question

In general, progressives were (Ch 21)
answer

optimistic about citizens being able to improve social and economic conditions
question

Republican President Theodore Roosevelt’s support for the Hepburn Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act reflected his beliefs in (Ch 21)
answer

government’s duty to regulate big business
question

The Uprising of the 20,000 illustrated the collective power of __________. (Ch 21)
answer

working-class women and middle-class reformers and suffragists
question

The American Federation of Labor focused on organizing __________. (Ch 21)
answer

skilled labor
question

Which of these groups provided much of the financial support for the Anti-Saloon League? (Ch 21)
answer

local businessmen
question

Which of these people would most likely have been among the “new” immigrants entering the United States in 1905? (Ch 21)
answer

a single unskilled Italian male
question

A major reason why Progressive women like Jane Addams turned to settlement work was? (Ch 21)
answer

dissatisfaction with the choices that society offered to women.
question

The 1903 “open shop” campaign was meant to __________. (Ch 21)
answer

eradicate unions altogether
question

Which of these was an important difference between the WCTU and the Anti-Saloon League? (Ch 21)
answer

The Anti-Saloon League was a one-issue pressure group.
question

Sociologist Lester Frank Ward debunked social Darwinism on the grounds that __________. (Ch 21)
answer

organic and social evolution were fundamentally different
question

The alliance between business and labor during the war was shown by the appointment of this man to the National War Labor Board. (Ch 22)
answer

Samuel Gompers
question

Who headed the Committee on Public Information (CPI)? (Ch 22)
answer

George Creel
question

Why was the alliance system in pre‒World War I Europe both a blessing and a curse? (Ch 22)
answer

It could maintain peace or bring about war.
question

The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine was a direct outcome of __________. (Ch 22)
answer

the building of the Panama Canal
question

In its final form, the Treaty of Versailles __________. (Ch 22)
answer

was harsh and unfair and did little to solve the war’s issues
question

African American soldiers returning from the Great War were met with __________. (Ch 22)
answer

racism and violence
question

Many feminists supported the war and women’s participation in it in the hope that it would __________. (Ch 22)
answer

helped secure women’s right to vote.
question

The main impact of the war and its aftermath on working women was that it __________. (Ch 22)
answer

increased female employment in already traditionally female professions
question

Eugene V. Debs, the socialist leader, was sentenced to a ten-year prison term for __________. (Ch 22)
answer

giving a speech defending antiwar protestors
question

At the beginning of World War I, Wilson declared that the United States would __________. (Ch 22)
answer

maintain strict neutrality
question

Wilson’s effort to manage the Mexican Revolution and protect U.S. interests in Mexico resulted in __________. (Ch 22)
answer

A legacy of suspicion and mistrust between the two nations
question

The Zimmerman note was a coded message proposing an alliance between Germany and __________. (Ch 22)
answer

Mexico
question

To counter growing calls for government censorship, the movie industry resorted to __________. (Ch 23)
answer

self-censorship
question

Katherine Bement Davis’s 1929 study revealed that most middle-class women __________. (Ch 23)
answer

used contraceptives and describes sex in positive terms
question

People who supported the Klan in the 1920 were also likely to be __________. (Ch 23)
answer

religious fundamentals
question

Large employers implemented welfare capitalism in an effort to __________. (Ch 23)
answer

undermine unions.
question

Hollywood films in the 1920s would be best described as __________. (Ch 23)
answer

portraying a dream world to which most Americans could only aspire
question

In 1920, the National American Woman Suffrage Association reorganized itself as the __________. (Ch 23)
answer

League of Women Voters
question

After 1924, Japanese and Asian Indians were excluded from U.S. citizenship because __________. (Ch 23)
answer

the Supreme Court held that they were impossible to assimilate
question

In 1913, it took thirteen hours to produce one automobile. By 1925, Henry Ford’s new plants were producing one car every __________. (Ch 23)
answer

ten seconds
question

Horizontal city communities like Houston were made possible by __________. (Ch 23)
answer

autos and roads
question

Whether shopping at A&P, watching the movies, listening to radio or reading a newspaper, consumers in the 1920s were exposed to more things that __________ (Ch 23)
answer

were produced for a national market.
question

The Roaring Twenties flapper represented ____________. (Ch 23)
answer

a small group of young, white, middle class females.
question

The Original Klan had been formed in the Reconstruction South as an (Ch 23)
answer

instrument of white racial terror
question

Despite its promise, welfare capitalism was only partially successful because (Ch 23)
answer

workers remained economically insecure and at the mercy of employers
question

What was the result of the Federal Reserve tightening credit and Congress adopting the Smoot-Hawley Tariff? (Ch 24)
answer

worsened the economic system
question

The New Deal for Indians would be best described as (Ch 24)
answer

bringing important but limited improvements to Native Americans
question

The National Recovery Administration sought to stimulate production through __________. (Ch 24)
answer

government-enforced industrial codes E). building community colleges
question

California repatriated Mexicans and Mexican Americans (US citizens. because __________. (Ch 24)
answer

unemployed whites wanted jobs held by Mexicans
question

The economic development of the West during the New Deal can be attributed to __________. (Ch 24)
answer

federal subsidies and rational planning E). the increasing number of John Wayne movies being filmed in the West
question

The influence of the women’s network in the New Deal is exemplified by FDR’s appointment of Frances Perkins as __________. (Ch 24)
answer

secretary of labor
question

The plan President Hoover had for recovery focused on restoring the confidence of ______________. (Ch 24)
answer

business
question

Proposed by Senator Robert Wagner, the Wagner Act was officially called the __________. (Ch 24)
answer

National Labor Relations Act
question

The greatest problem the U.S. economy faced in the 1920s was __________. (Ch 24)
answer

unequal distribution of wealth
question

New Deal programs for the arts—writers, painters, musicians, and others—were administered by the __________. (Ch 24)
answer

WPA
question

Francis Townshend’s Revolving Pension plan would have provided $200 a month to __________. (Ch 24)
answer

all people over sixty
question

When Roosevelt, with an improved economy, cut federal spending and tightened credit in 1937, __________. (Ch 24)
answer

a sharp recession occurred
question

Which of these was at the heart of Huey Long’s economic proposals? (Ch 24)
answer

wealth redistribution
question

How did the Japanese respond to the League of Nations’ objections to Japan’s conquest of Manchuria? (Ch 25)
answer

It quit the League.
question

At Stalingrad and Kursk in 1943, __________. (Ch 25)
answer

Germany suffered stunning and costly defeats
question

If you were a young woman during World War II and wanted to serve in the navy, which of these would you have joined? (Ch 25)
answer

WAVES
question

The success of the first atomic bomb test convinced Truman that __________. (Ch 25)
answer

the United States no longer needed Soviet aid to win the war
question

What was the greatest impact of World War II on the United States? (Ch 25)
answer

The Depression ended.
question

The Truman Doctrine was the first and clearest exercise of the policy of __________. (Ch 26)
answer

containment
question

In the 1950s, women were encouraged to __________. (Ch 26)
answer

quit their jobs and stay home.
question

Between 1947 and 1970, income distribution in the U.S.? (Ch 26)
answer

remained essentially unchanged.
question

During the postwar Red Scare, many individuals suspected of Communist sympathies experienced persecution and destruction of their careers __________. (Ch 26)
answer

based on little more than suspicion and vague accusations.
question

An example of the age of Cold War anxiety was the popularity of this movie. (Ch 26)
answer

Invasion of the Body Snatchers
question

In response to NATO rearming West Germany, the Soviet Union organized the? (Ch 26)
answer

Warsaw Pact.
question

What negative consequence did the Marshall Plan have? (Ch 26)
answer

It drove a deeper wedge between the United States and the Soviet Union.
question

In 1949, these two events occurred that increased Cold War anxiety in the United States? (Ch 26)
answer

China becomes communist, the Soviet Union explodes an atomic bomb
question

The Truman Doctrine was a response to the threat of subversion and revolution in __________. (Ch 26)
answer

Turkey and Greece
question

The NATO alliance was formed in response to __________. (Ch 26)
answer

the Berlin blockade and airlift crisis
question

The Korean War ended with __________. (Ch 26)
answer

an armistice restoring the prewar status quo
question

The HUAC Hollywood hearings led to? (Ch 26)
answer

the blacklisting of writers, directors, and actors who refused to cooperate.
question

Although McCarthy initially used this to his advantage, in the 1954 congressional hearings on communism in the army, it worked to his disadvantage. (Ch 26)
answer

media coverage
question

The Korean War began when __________. (Ch 26)
answer

North Korea launched a military attack on South Korea
question

Studies like Riesman’s Lonely Crowd and Whyte’s Organization Man depicted a post‒World War II American as __________. (Ch 27)
answer

conformity-minded.
question

Under Allen Dulles’s leadership, the CIA __________. (Ch 27)
answer

far exceeded its mandate by interfering in the affairs of other countries
question

Most popular religious writers of the 1950s emphasized __________. (Ch 27)
answer

the importance of belonging and fitting in
question

C. Wright Mills’s White Collar and The Power Elite both argued that __________. (Ch 27)
answer

American workers had voluntarily submitted to repressive domination by a small group of leaders
question

The greatest long-term impact of the G.I. Bill of Rights was to promote __________. (Ch 27)
answer

education and job training.
question

The Southern Manifesto was a declaration that southern states __________. (Ch 28)
answer

would refuse to comply with desegregation
question

In 1955, Emmett Till was murdered in Mississippi because he ______________. (Ch 28)
answer

violated the code of black submission by speaking informally to a white women.
question

Truman’s most important practical contribution to the civil rights movement was __________. (Ch 28)
answer

integrating the armed services by executive order
question

House Resolution 108, the Indian “termination” policy, was intended to __________. (Ch 28)
answer

return to a policy of assimilation.
question

The 1952 Immigration and Nationality Act finally allowed what group to become U.S. citizens? (Ch 28)
answer

Japanese Americans
question

After Malcolm X made a pilgrimage to Mecca, he __________. (Ch 28)
answer

broke with the Nation of Islam and abandoned black separatism.
question

In the late 1940s, the Supreme Court ruled in the Mendez and Delgado cases that (Ch 28)
answer

segregation of Mexican Americans was unconstitutional
question

King and other black leaders believed white Southerners could be divided roughly into three groups, one of which was a (Ch 28)
answer

broad middle group that benefitted from segregation but might not be willing to protect it
question

Puerto Ricans faced discrimination because, in addition to the usual resistance to immigrants, (Ch 28)
answer

many of them were also black
question

This African American Nobel Prize winner refused a government appointment because he did not want to subject his family to humiliating segregation laws in Washington, D.C.? (Ch 28)
answer

Ralph Bunche.
question

The idea of organizing a March on Washington in 1963 was suggested by __________. (Ch 28)
answer

Philip Randolph
question

In regard to civil rights, the most important department of the Kennedy administration was __________________. (Ch 28)
answer

the Justice Department.
question

A presidential commission characterized the violence in Chicago near the 1968 Democratic Party convention hall as a(n) __________. (Ch 29)
answer

police riot
question

One of the ironies of the feminist movement was that it __________. (Ch 29)
answer

alienated many black and Latina women
question

One unforeseen consequence of urban redevelopment programs is that they often (Ch 29)
answer

displaced rather than helped poor people of color
question

The biggest weakness of Johnson’s Great Society was that __________. (Ch 29)
answer

too little funding went to the neediest poor
question

Why did student protests against the Vietnam War turn violent? (Ch 29)
answer

Peaceful protest had not worked to change government policy.
question

Who advised young people to turn on, tune in, and drop out? (Ch 29)
answer

Timothy Leary.
question

The Stonewall Inn riot was a key event in the movement for the rights of _________. (Ch 29)
answer

gays and lesbians.
question

In 1970, hoping to deliver a “knockout blow” to the North Vietnamese, President Nixon __________. (Ch 29)
answer

ordered the bombing and invasion of Cambodia
question

After a string of campus protests in the 1960s, most large universities relinquished __________. (Ch 29)
answer

their role as surrogate parents for students
question

The student demonstrators killed at Kent State University were protesting __________. (Ch 29)
answer

Nixon’s secret invasion of Cambodia
question

The American public distrusted General Ford as president because he __________. (Ch 30)
answer

pardoned Nixon of possible federal crimes
question

The Camp David Accords were a highlight of the presidency of __________. (Ch 30)
answer

Jimmy Carter
question

The Reagan administration’s plan to provide funding to the Contras with profits from missiles sold to Iran was __________. (Ch 30)
answer

illegal and directly forbidden by Congress
question

The election of Ronald Reagan in 1980 was the culmination of a conservative movement in American politics first seen with the 1964 candidacy of __________. (Ch 30)
answer

Barry Goldwater
question

The greatest long-term impact of Reaganomics was __________. (Ch 30)
answer

a rising deficit and national debt
question

In response to campaigns prompted by Rachel Carson’s The Silent Spring, in 1970 Congress created the __________. (Ch 30)
answer

Environmental Protection Agency
question

Who benefited most from the economic trends of the 1970s-1980s? (Ch 30)
answer

the affluent
question

In 1981, Reagan approved a CIA plan to arm the Contras, which opposed the Sandinista government of __________. (Ch 30)
answer

Nicaragua

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member