Health in the Later Years Chapter 4

question

Adult-onset diabetes is characterized by:
answer

loss of receptivity of body cells to insulin
question

The most common cause of a stroke is a blood vessel that bursts and results in hemorrhage.
answer

False
question

Which of the following diseases has not symptoms in most cases?
answer

Hypertension
question

Most chronic illnesses can be managed to control symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
answer

True
question

Anyone with chest pain or pressure for more than _______ minutes should seek immediate medical care.
answer

10
question

Although chronic illnesses cause much disability among elders, acute illnesses are responsible for the majority of deaths.
answer

False
question

The leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States is:
answer

Lung
question

Adult-onset diabetes is more common among older people who are obese than those who are not.
answer

True
question

The most common cause of hospitalization among older adults is:
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Heart disease.
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Heart disease is the leading cause of death among older adults.
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True
question

The three leading causes of death among elders, in order of mortality, are:
answer

heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease
question

The sphygmomanometer measures the volume of air an individual is able to inhale in one breath.
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False
question

Which of the following is NOT a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
answer

Arthritis
question

The majority of breast cancer among women occurs before age 50.
answer

False
question

Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL) measure the ability of older adults to :
answer

Perform self-care activities in the home.
question

Fatal heart attacks are most common among younger people, the very old, and women.
answer

True
question

Which of the following is a risk factor for heart disease?
answer

All of the above ethnicity gender cigarette smoking unhealthy diet
question

High blood cholesterol is one of the risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about.
answer

True
question

“Miscarried helping” refers to:
answer

Support that is excessive, untimely or inappropriate.
question

There is nothing you can do to prevent high blood pressure.
answer

False
question

Chronic illness can be difficult to diagnose among elders because they may:
answer

All of the above. Report different symptoms than younger group. May complain of multiple, nonspecific symptoms. Have side effects from medication that are misinterpreted as another condition. Symptoms of chronic illness may be incorrectly attributed to normal age changes.
question

Blood pressure is high when it measures at or ober 140/90 mm Hg
answer

True
question

The symptoms of the disease depend on which artery is affected:
answer

Stroke
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If you are overweight, losing weight helps lower your high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure.
answer

True
question

Which of the following diseases has no symptoms in most cases?
answer

Hypertension
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The symptoms of most chronic illnesses cannot be controlled
answer

False
question

A cure has been found for which of the following?
answer

None of the above. Heart disease stroke breast cancer
question

Chest pain is the most frequent symptom of heart attack in elders
answer

True
question

About what percentage of the elder population smoke?
answer

10 percent
question

The most effective treatment for many chronic illnesses is modification of lifestyle.
answer

True
question

What is the most common type of heart disease among elders?
answer

Coronary artery disease.
question

Stroke rehabilitation is seldom effective for elders.
answer

False
question

Which of the following statements about chronic illnesses is false:
answer

Most elders are severely disabled by a chronic illness.
question

Cancer is difficult to diagnose in elders.
answer

True
question

Another term for heart disease is:
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All of the above ischemic heart disease coronary artery disease congestive heart failure.
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Chronic illnesses are permanent and full recovery is not possible
answer

True
question

Statin drugs are commonly prescribed to:
answer

None of the above Widen the airways for those with emphysema. reduce the size of the prostate gland. prevent a recurrence of breast cancer. counteract the negative effect of too much insulin.
question

Exercise is more effective treatment for back pain than bed rest.
answer

True
question

Which of the following are false regarding cancer:
answer

All are true the incidence of cancer increases with age treatments pose more risks than almost any other medical treatment the most effective way to prevent it is to not smoke cigarettes the three most common treatments are surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
question

African Americans are more likely to die of a heart attack than whites.
answer

True
question

COPD includes which of the following diseases?
answer

A and B Chronic bronchitis emphysema
question

Taking an aspirin every other day reduces heart attack risk among men
answer

True
question

Which of the following are true regarding diabetes?
answer

all are true about one-fifth of individuals 65 years and older have it. ethnic Americans are at higher risk for diabetes than whites. It is more common among men than women.
question

The majority of heart attacks are fatal, especially among men.
answer

False
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Which of the following require and emergency 911 call?
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b and c sudden loss of vision. someone who is unable to breath.
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The incidence of both heart disease and cancer is rising in the United States.
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False
question

Heart disease accounts for over half of all deaths among elders.
answer

True
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The higher the LDL cholesterol, the higher the risk of heart disease and the lower the HDL cholesterol, the lower the risk of heart disease.
answer

True
question

Only a very small proportion of men with prostate cancer will die from it.
answer

True
question

If an individual quickly goes to the hospital within three hours after a stroke, drugs can be administered to reduce the impact.
answer

True
question

The earlier someone developes heart disease, the less likely it is that genetic factors are involved
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False
question

Metabolic syndrome often is associated with respiratory distress.
answer

False

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