Government Chapter 3 Test Questions

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popular sovereignty
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all government power belongs to the people
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checks and balances
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the US Supreme Court declares that a law is unconstitutional is an example of
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separation of powers
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the principle of government that favors a national government with three independent branches
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Bill of Rights
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the first ten amendments to the Constitution are called
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27
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at the present time, the number of formal amendments to the Constitution is
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federalism
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the methods of formally amending the Constitution follow the principle of
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Congress proposes/State legislatures ratify
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method of amending the Constitution that has been used for all but one of its formal amendments
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passing laws
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Congress can informally change the Constitution by
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informal constitutional change by executive action
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the President makes an executive agreement with another country instead of a formal treaty is an example of
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checks and balances
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the presidential appointment of Supreme Court justices is an example of
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unconstitutional
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illegal; null and void; of no force and effect
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separation of powers
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a governmental system having basic political powers distributed among three distinct and independent branches
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judicial review
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the power of the courts to decide whether government acts are constitutional
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veto
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the President’s rejection of an act of Congress
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federalism
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the division of power between a central government and several regional governments
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limited government
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principle holds that government may do only those things that the people have given it power to do
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separation of powers
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When James Madison wrote, “The accumulation of all powers…in the same hands…may be pronounced as the very definition of tyranny,” he was arguing on behalf of which of the following constitutional principles?
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people are the only source for governmental power
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the principle of popular sovereignty means that the
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federalism
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what constitutional principle was devised as a compromise between a powerful central government and a loose confederation of States?
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checks and balances
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What constitutional principle applies when the Senate confirms or rejects the President’s appointee to run the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)?
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senatorial courtesy
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custom that the Senate will approve only presidential appointees acceptable to the senator(s) of the President’s party from the State involved
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executive agreement
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a pact a President makes with the head of a foreign state
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electoral college
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the group that formally selects the nation’s President
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Cabinet
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advisory board to the President
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treaty
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a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
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informal process
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Supreme Court case decisions use what process to change the Constitution?
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no third term for Presidents
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an informal custom that was eventually added to the written Constitution through formal amandment
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expand the brief provisions of the Constitution
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Congress may informally change the Constitution by passing laws that
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executive agreements do not require Senate approval
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one reason that Presidents use executive agreements with heads of foreign states instead of the formal treaty process
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the result of a long history of informal constitutional change
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Why is government in the US a government through political party?
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formal amendment process
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involves changing the written words of the Constitution
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formal amendments
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the Constitution has grown and changed, mostly as a result of
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Bill of Rights
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the basic constitutional rights of the people were first set out in the
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1. extends the President’s power through the informal amendment process 2. carries the same legal force as a treaty 3. can be used to avoid the lengthy treaty-making process
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name three true statements of the use of executive agreement
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Congress
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formal amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by
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formal amendment
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how was the prohibition of alcoholic beverages amended to the Constitution?
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remove judges through impeachment
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the legislative branch can check the judicial branch by its power to
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fair and equal treatment before the law
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the Bill of Rights guarantees
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distributing power among three branches of government
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the Constitution set up a federal system of government by
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informal amendment process
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judicial power to declare governmental actions unconstitutional was established through what kind of amendment process

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