GLY 1880 Topic 9

question

Pyroclastic flows into the Bay of Naples caused at least one tsunami
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True
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A detailed account of the Vesuvius eruption was made by
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Pliny the Younger
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The eyewitness to the Vesuvius eruption described the eruption column as looking like
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a umbrella pine
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Some building in Pompeii exhibit evidence of _________ damage from 63 AD that was not yet repaired when the Vesuvius eruption
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earthquake
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Herculaneum and Pompeii are now on the coast but were several miles inland at the time of Vesuvius’s eruption
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false
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This volcanic area in Naples is home to 200,000 people and experiences significant vertical movement from magma causing ground swelling and contraction:
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Phlegraean Fields
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Collapse of the Vesuvius eruption column caused how many pyroclastic flows/surges down the south and west volcano slopes
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six
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Which city was buried more deeply, Herculaneum or Pompeii
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Herculaneum
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Naples is NOT among the top ten largest population centers threatened by a volcanic hazard
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False
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Which of these volcanic areas are also associated with the Italian volcanic era?
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All of these
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What types of artifacts have been found in Herculaneum and Pompeii
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All of these
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Most of the eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius are of what eruptive style
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Plinian-Pellean
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A sliver of this tectonic plate is subducting under Italy
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African
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The Italian government supports a volcano observatory to monitor Vesuvius and has mapped volcanic hazards in the region
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True
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Which city was hit first by Vesuvius pryroclastic flows?
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Herculaneum
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the pyroclastic surges of Vesuvius raced down slope at 100 to 300km/hr and with a temperature over 100 degrees C (212 degrees F)
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True
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Deeper layers of _____ mark ancient eruptions, older than the Vesuvius eruption that buried Herculaneum and Pompeii
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pumice
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Which city was buried more deeply, Herculaneum or Pompeii?
answer

Herculaneum
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Which buried city was explored and exploited for artifacts by tunnels long before open excavation began?
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Herculaneum
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The most voluminous rock constituent of Vesuvius pyroclastic flows is:
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pumice
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The largest pyroclastic surge from Vesuvius reached all the way to:
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Misenum across the Bay of Naples
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Mt. Vesuvius is considered an active volcano
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True
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Animals killed by ‘tainted air’, less than twetny years prior to the burial of Herculaneum and Pompeii, probably were killed by gaeous emissions from fumaroles:
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True
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An eruptionof Mt Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in the year of
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79 AD
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Mt. Vesuvius occupies this historic region of Italy
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the Campanian Plain
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What was the name of the commander of the Roman fleet at Misenum who died on a rescue mission to Stabiae near Pompeii?
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Pliny the Elder
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What is the name of the subduction zone along the Adriatic margin of Italy?
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Calabrian subduction zone
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The destruction of Herculaneum and Pompeii and surrounding villages was done over how long a period of time?
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24 hours
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An even larger eruption of Vesuvius occurred in about 1780 BC and has been named the:
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Avellino eruption eruption
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Pyroclastic flows into the Bay of Naples caused at least one tsunami:
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True
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Herculaneum and Pompeii were both buried by
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pyroclastic flows/surges
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Which of these volcanic areas are also associated with the Italian volcanic arc?
answer

all of these

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