Please enter something

General Psychology In Everyday Life David Meyer Chapter 7

question

Memory
answer

the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information.
question

Encoding
answer

the process of getting information into the memory system.
question

Storage
answer

retaining of encoded information over time.
question

Retrieval
answer

the process of getting information out of memory storage.
question

Sensory Memory
answer

the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
question

short-term memory
answer

Activated memory that holds few items briefly (such as the 7 digits of a phone number while dialing) before the information is stored or forgotten.
question

long-term memory
answer

the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. Includes knowledge, skills, and experiences.
question

working memory
answer

a view of short-term memory that stresses conscious, active processing of information, whether newly encoded or retrieved from long-term memory.
question

automatic processing
answer

unconscious encoding of everyday information, such as space, time frequency, and well-learned word meanings.
question

effortful processing
answer

encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
question

rehearsal
answer

the conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage.
question

spacing effect
answer

the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice.
question

serial position effect
answer

the tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list.
question

implicit memory
answer

retaining learned skills or conditioning, often without conscious awareness of this learning.
question

explicit memory
answer

memories of facts and personal events that you can consciously retrieve.
question

imagery
answer

mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with encoding meaning.
question

long-term potentiation (LTP)
answer

an increased in a synapse’s firing potential. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory.
question

flashbulb memory
answer

a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
question

recall
answer

memory demonstrated by retrieving information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
question

recognition
answer

memory demonstrated by identifying items previously learned, as on a multiple choice test.
question

relearning
answer

memory demonstrated by time saved when learning material a second time.
question

retrieval cue
answer

any stimulus (event, feeling, place, and so on) linked to a specific memory.
question

deja vu
answer

that eerie sense that “I’ve experienced this before.” Cues from the current situation may unconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.
question

mood-congruent memory
answer

the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with your current good or bad mood.
question

memory trace
answer

enduring physical changes in the brain as a memory forms.
question

interference
answer

the blocking of recall as old or new learning disrupts the recall of other memories.
question

repression
answer

in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness the thoughts, feelings, and memories that arouse anxiety.
question

misinformation effect
answer

a memory that has been corrupted by misleading information.
question

source amnesia
answer

faulty memory for how, when, or where information was learned or imagined.