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General Psychology Chapter 15

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The term that is used in the broadest sense to refer to all of the diverse approaches used in the treatment of mental disorders and psychological problems is
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psychotherapy.
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Freud used _____ to treat his clients’ problems
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insight therapies
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Therapists who emphasize the application of learning principles in treatment use the _____ approach to psychotherapy
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behavior
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The text uses the term psychotherapy to refer to _____ used in the treatment of mental disorders and psychological problems
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all the diverse approaches
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Which of the following people would be the LEAST likely to seek therapy?
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married black male with less than 12 years of education over the age of 65
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The theoretical difference between a clinical psychologist and a counseling psychologist is that
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the clinical psychologist specializes in the treatment of mental disorders; the counseling psychologist specializes in the treatment of everyday adjustment problems
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The use of verbal interactions between the client and therapist
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insight therapies
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Freud believed that psychological disorders are caused by
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unconscious conflicts left over from early childhood
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Laura is encouraged by her therapist to talk about absolutely anything
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free association
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Freud considered _____ to be the most direct way to access the patient’s unconscious or the “royal road to the unconscious.”
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dreams
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Largely unconscious defensive maneuvers by a client intended to hinder the progress of therapy BEST describes
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resistance
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______ is to transference as __________ is to resistance
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Relating; defensive
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Client-centered therapy emphasizes
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providing a supportive climate for clients
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Clients play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy and work together with their therapist as equals in _____ therapy.
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client-centered
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In client-centered therapy Roger believed that is critical for the therapist to provide
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a warm, supportive and accepting climate
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Using theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive….
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positive psychology
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Advocates of positive psychology maintain the field has focused too heavily on
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pathology, weakness, and suffering
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The MOST important aspect of group therapy is that group members
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provide acceptance and emotional support
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Therapists who think the primary role of therapy is to assist a client in changing his or her maladaptive behavior employ
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behavior therapy
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“What has been learned can be unlearned” is a central assumption of
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behavior therapy
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Joseph Wolpe developed
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systematic desensitization
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In systematic desensitization, a new _____ response is substituted for the old _____ response
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relaxation; fear
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Aversion therapy is a therapy designed to
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create a negative response to a stimulus that has elicited
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The type of therapy in which a problem drinker is given a drug that induces nausea when combined with alcohol is called
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aversion therapy
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Learning principles associated with operant conditioning and observational learning are utilized in
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social skills training
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Social skills training utilizes the techniques of
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modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and shaping
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Earl is an extremely aggressive child who often hits other children when he can’t get his own way. Earl is now seeing a behavioral therapist who has discussed appropriate ways of interacting with peers, and has shown Earl several videotapes of children resolving conflicts in nonaggressive ways. Earl has also engaged in “role play,” during which the therapist has provided corrective feedback and positive reinforcement. In this case, the therapist is using
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social skills training
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You make an appointment to see a therapist and, at your first meeting the therapist tells you that he believes that most psychological disorders are a result of negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs. What type of therapist are you seeing?
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cognitive
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Cognitive therapy was originally developed as a treatment
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for depression
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Bryson was surprised by his first psychotherapy session. When the session was over the therapist gave Bryson a homework assignment. She asked Bryson to record any thoughts that came to his mind when he experienced a setback at home or in his job. In this case, it appears that Bryson is seeing a therapist who uses
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Beck’s cognitive therapy
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Clients receiving _____ are taught to detect and evaluate their negative self-defeating thoughts and statements
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cognitive therapy
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Physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms..
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biomedical therapy
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Valium and Xanax are two types of
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antianxiety drugs
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The primary therapeutic drug treatment for schizophrenia involves
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antipsychotic drugs
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Compared to traditional antipsychotic drugs, atypical antipsychotics
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have less risk for tardive dyskinesia
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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are all
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antidepressant drugs
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Bipolar disorder is frequently treated with
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lithium or valproate
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Which of the following is a short-term side effect of electroconvulsive therapy?
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impaired attention
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In comparison to lithium, mood stabilizers such as valproate are
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equally as effective in treating bipolar disorder and have fewer adverse effects
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The difference between TMS and DBS is that in DBS
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brain activity is altered through an electrode implanted directly into the brain tissue
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Which of the following is NOT one of the criticisms that have been raised concerning the impact of managed care on mental health care?
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delays in providing service result in spontaneous remission of psychological disorders in nearly 25% of cases
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Many managed care systems hold down costs by erecting barriers to access. These barriers may include all of the following EXCEPT
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requiring service providers to be re-certified every six months
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The community health movement emphasizes all of the following EXCEPT
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reduced dependence on medication to treat psychological disorders
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Deinstitutionalization means that
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whenever possible, the mentally ill should be treated at community-based facilities that emphasize outpatient care
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What percentage of psychiatric inpatient admissions are readmission of former patients
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over 66%
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Which of the following statements concerning homeless individuals is true?
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approximately 1/3 of the homeless suffer from a severe mental illness
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Which of the following is NOT a conclusion of Seligman’s research comparing the effectiveness of different approaches to psychotherapy? People with
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depression respond best to client-centered therapy
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Which of the following people beginning antidepressant therapy should be MOST closely monitored for suicide
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a 14 year old high school freshman
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The major emphasis in client-centered therapy is to provide the client with
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feedback and clarification
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is now primarily used to treat patients suffering from
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severe mood disorders
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_____ is to Aaron Beck as client-centered therapy is to _____.
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Cognitive therapy; Carl Rogers