GA History Exam College Grad Req

Flashcard maker : Bettina Hugo
Sunbelt
southern and southwestern states, from the Carolinas to California, characterized by warm climate and recently, rapid population growth
Appalachian Mountain
located in eastern United States; second largest mountain range in the United States
Treaty of Paris
Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba’s independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.
weather
The condition of Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place.
Townshend Acts
laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time
Treaty of Augusta
in 1763 Governor Wright negotiated the treaty of Augusta with the creek which almost tripled the size of Georgia
Fall Line
a boundary in the eastern United States where the higher land of the Piedmont drops to the lower Atlantic coastal plain
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Piedmont
the plateau between the coastal plain and the Appalachian Mountains: parts of Virginia and North and South Carolina and Georgia and Alabama
hazardous waste
Any material that can be harmful to human health or the environment if it is not properly disposed of
Sugar Act
halved the duty on foreign made molasses, placed duties on certain imports, and strenghtened the enforcement of the law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiralty court
Jean Ribault
A French explorer for the Huguenots who settled on Paris Island, S.C. which was named Charlesfort in honor of Charles IX the french king. The settlement did not last.
committees of correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Gulf Stream
a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico northward through the Atlantic Ocean
Quartering Act
March 24, 1765 – Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
Stamp Act
an act passed by the British parliament in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
triangular trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
Puritans
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Lexington and Concord
The first battle of the Revolution in which British general Thomas Gage went after the stockpiled weapons of the colonists in Concord, Massachusetts. April 19, 1775
Commonwealth
a politically organized body of people under a single government
John Wesley
English clergyman and founder of the Methodist Church (1703-1791)
Cash crops
crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit
Great Awakening
a religious movement that became widespread in the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
economy
the efficient use of resources
Augusta
a city in eastern Georgia north-northwest of Savannah
Battle of Bloody Marsh
-In 1742, with the help of the Highland Scots, Oglethorpe defeated Spanish forces here, This battle was important because it was the beginning of a safe southern frontier for the British
Archaic Indians
second group of people in GA. , Archaic means old and there were 3 time periods. The early archaic people started hunting smaller game and moved with each season for food resources. They made tools out of deer antlers. During the middle period, people began to eat shellfish because it became warm and dry. They made hooks from animal bones and weighted spears to get food easier. They started camps. The late period invented the grooved axe and started horticulture as well as made and used pottery.
Indians
A name for the native people of the Americas;native Americans.
Yamacraw Bluff
a high cliff near the mouth of the Savannah River located 16 miles inland from the Atlantic Ocean where Oglethorpe created the new settlement called Savannah.
Woodland Indians
First Indians to have contact with English colonists., They were the first indians to form tribes. A tribe is a group of people that share a common ancestry, name, and way of living. They built villages with dome shaped huts, invented the bow and arrow, and made pottery last longer. They were religious and made cone shaped burial mounds for the dead. They hunted fished, gathered, and grew squash, sunflowers, and wild greens.
Creek Confederacy
a North American Indian confederacy organized by the Muskogee that dominated the southeastern part of the United States before being removed to Oklahoma
Mississippian Culture
Last of the mound-building cultures of North America; flourished between 800 and 1300 C.E.; featured large towns and ceremonial centers; lacked stone architecture of Central America.
James Edward Oglethorpe
The leader of English Parliament who founded the Georgia colony, in order to create an effective buffer from the Spanish and Spanish controlled Florida.
Culture
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
John and Mary Musgrove
traders who helped the colonists with supplies and also served as negotiators and translators between Tomochichi and Oglethorpe, ran a trading post near Yamacraw Indian village
John Reynolds
first royal governor; introduced self-government as well as a bicameral legislature; later took self-government away; very unpopular with the people of royal GA.
Commons House of Assembly
group of representatives which made laws for the South Carolina colony
Coastal Plain
area of flat land along a sea or ocean
aquifer
underground bed or layer yielding ground water for wells and springs etc
Conquistadors
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Renaissance
a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning and views of the world
Azilia
proposed colony on land between Spanish and FL and English Carolina
Pilgrims
Group of English Protestant dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
Backcountry
Region running along the Appalachian Mountains through the far western part of the other regions
apprentices
people who learn skilled trades from a master craftsperson
Tomochichi
Yamacraw chief who agreed to give James Oglethorpe land to found the new colony of Georgia.
Plantations
Huge farms that required a large labor force to grow crops
Enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Paleo-Indians
the first Americans who crossed from Asia into North America sometime between 38,000 and 10,000 BC, the hunting and gathering peoples who first discovered the Americas
matrilineal
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
palisade
fortification consisting of a strong fence made of stakes driven into the ground
Cherokee
The main Indian tribe of the \”Five Civilized Tribes\”. In Georgia they made remarkable efforts to adopt the \”white\” ways of life as they abandoned their semi-nomadic life and formed a government. This tribe was the most important in the Indian attempts at \”Americanization\”. They sued to try and keep their lands, but despite the Supreme Court’s decisions, Georgia still remained hostile, and they were forced at gunpoint to move to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears, and set the tone for all of the other tribes’ removal.
Seminole
only native Americans who lived in Florida and successfully stayed on their land during the Indian removal act of 1830

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