First Aid Test 1

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Each year one in ________ suffers a nonfatal injury serious enough to need medical attention or to restrict activity.
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4
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The leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults is:
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unintentional injuries
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The person who primarily benefits from first aid training is oneself? True? False?
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True
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Consent to give first aid must be obtained from every victim who is
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responsive, mentally competent, of legal age
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If the victim is unresponsive, permission to give first aid is known as
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implied consent
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A first aider must stay with the victim until another equally or better trained person takes over. Failure to do so would be considered:
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Abandonment
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Deviating from accepted standards of care, that result in further injury to the victim is known as:
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negligence
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A first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits:
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breach of duty
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Which of the following statements concerning Good Samaritan laws is true?
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They protect first aiders acting in good faith
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If a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should:
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call 911 and stay with the victim until help arrives
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Who is a vital link between emergency medical services (EMS) and the victim?
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bystanders
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the most important time to decide whether to help in an emergency is:
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before encountering an emergency
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Why are laypersons less likely to offer help when an emergency occurs in a public place?
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lack of knowledge, confusion about what is an emergency, characteristics of the emergency
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What is the first action a bystander should take in an emergency?
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recognize the emergency
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A communicable disease is a disease that can be spread from one person to another. True? False?
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True
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Which of the following are blood borne diseases?
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Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV
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Hepatitis C virus can cause _________ disease or cancer.
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liver
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_________ are transmitted through the air by coughing or sneezing.
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airborne diseases
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Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes
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exam gloves, mouth-to-barrier devices, eye protection
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When calling 911, which of the following information should be given to the EMS dispatch?
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the victims location and condition, number of persons involved, your name and phone number you are calling from
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Which three body systems include the most important and sensitive organs?
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respiratory, circulatory, nervous
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Conditions involving the respiratory, nervous, and skeletal systems can threaten life. True? False?
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False
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The epiglottis diverts food away from the trachea. True? False?
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True
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Food or liquid can enter the trachea by mistake when the __________ fails to close.
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epiglottis
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an unresponsive person is at risk for suffocation because:
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normal swallowing controls will not operate, liquid in the windpipe may cause suffocation, foreign objects, such as false teeth, may cause suffocation
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how many lungs does a human body have?
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2
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The average rate of breathing in an adult at rest is _____ to _____ respirations per minute.
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12 to 20
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Cyanosis would cause what kind of skin color?
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Blue-purple
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Normal Adult range for respiration
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12-20
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Normal adolescents (13-18 years) range for respiration
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12-16
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Normal School-aged Children (6-12 years) range for respiration
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18-30
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Normal Preschoolers (4-5 years) range for respiration
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22-34
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Normal Toddlers (1-3 years) range for respiration
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24-40
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Normal infants range for respiration
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30-60
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the heart is located behind the __________
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sternum
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The normal pulse rate for adults is ______ to ______ beats per minute.
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60-100
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Normal Adult & children range for pulse rate
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60-100
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Normal preschoolers & school-aged children range for pulse rate
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60-140
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Normal infants & toddlers range for pulse rate
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100-190
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Normal infants range for pulse rate
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85-205
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Which blood vessels carry blood back to the heart?
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veins
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Which of the following is the major artery of the neck
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carotid
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Which artery should be used to check the pulse of an unconscious victim?
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carotid
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Hemorrage is the term for profuse bleeding? True? False?
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True
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What is the clear, watery solution that circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord?
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cerebrospinal fluid
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The adult skeleton has ______ bones?
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206
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What are the three different kinds of muscle?
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Smooth, Cardiac, skeletal
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A joint is where two or more bones meet or join? True? False?
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True
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The outer layer of the skin is called the ______.
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Epidermis
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What is the purpose of the skin?
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protect, against bacteria invasion, help regulate body temperature, act as a sensory organ
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What is the longest and strongest bone in the body?
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Femur
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Where is the Carotid located and on what type of victim do you check for pulse on?
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Neck & unresponsive
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Where is the radial and on what type of victim do you check for pulse here?
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Wrist & alert
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Where is the Brachial and on what type of victim do you check for pulse here?
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Arm ( in between armpit and elbow) & infant
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Capillaries blood flow is ______
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oozes
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Vein blood flow is _____
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steadily flows
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Artery blood flow is ______
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spurts
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An __________ is a sequence of actions that helps determine what is wrong and thus helps provide safe and appropriate first aid.
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assessment
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Which of the following is the first step in assessment?
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primary check
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What is the purpose the primary check?
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to identify and treat life-threatening conditions
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Using the mnemonic ____________ can help you collect the victim’s history.
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SAMPLE
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Check the victim’s responsiveness by gently tapping the victim’s shoulder and asking shouting loudly
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are you okay?
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When checking for severe bleeding, search the:
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Victim’s entire body–head to toe, floor or ground for pooling blood, victim’s clothing
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Something that the first aider sees hears and feels is:
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a sign
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Which of the following indicates a breathing problem?
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Snoring, gurgling, wheezing
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The mnemonic DOTS can help you remember:
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the signs and symptoms of an injury
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The physical exam on an adult should be started at the victim’s
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head
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How do you check a victim’s abdomen for tenderness?
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gently press the four quadrants
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_______ is a mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for deformities, open wounds, tenderness, and swelling
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DOTS
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Circulation, sensation, and movement (CSM) are checked during assessment of the:
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extremities
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Abnormal skin temperature feels:
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Hot, cool or cold, clammy
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Medical identification tags can help the first aider identify:
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allergies, medications, and medical history

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