First Aid Skills

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Name the three C’s – Emergency Action Steps
Name the three C's - Emergency Action Steps
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Check Scene for safety, check victim Call – 911 or adult for help Care – for victim check ABC’s (Airway, Breathing, Circulation)
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What does ABC Stand for?
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Airway, Breathing, Circulation
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What are the three C’s?
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Check – Area for Safety, then Check Victim Call – 911 or trained person to come help Care – Provide Care for the victim as needed
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What does CPR Stand for?
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Cardio (heart) Pulmonary (lungs)Resuscitation (breathing)
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Choking- Conscious symptoms
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No sound coming out, person has hand to throat, Treament: Back blows and abdominal thrusts till object is expelled.
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Heart attack symptoms- what to do
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Pain in chest, pain radiating down arm(s), feeling nauseous, Still breathing, has pulse, rapid breathing, pale skin, To treat – have person stop all activity, call 911
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Cardiac Arrest
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Heart has stopped breathing, person has no breathing, no pulse, Needs CPR immediately, Call 911
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What is difference between a Heart Attack & Cardiac Arrest?
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Heart attack are signs and symptoms of a medical emergency Heart still beating, Cardiac Arrest is when heart has stopped beating.
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Drowning
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Get person out or water, call 911 begin rescue breathing if no breathing, CPR if no breathing no pulse…
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How do you stop bleeding?
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Protect yourself from blood with gloves, direct pressure on the wound, Elevate area, pressure bandage.
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Nose bleed
Nose bleed
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Sit and lean forward, Pinch nostrils with fingers…breath though mouth till bleeding stops
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Burns- types & treatment
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Types: from heat Sunburn, fire, heat, Use water to treat Chemical – water to rinse chemical off Electrical – Call 911 look for enter & exit wound, Can have internal injuries
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Bee sting/ inject bite
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remove the stinger with a fingernail, credit card, or the edge of a knife signs of allergic reaction, itchy painful, labored breathing, may need epi-pin call 911
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Blisters
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Heat stroke
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Call 911 – get person out of heat – Do not give anything to eat or drink, cool body, apply cold wet cloths, Check ABC”S Symtoms: Red, hot ,& dry skin, Muscle weakness or cramps Throbbing headache,Dizziness and light-headedness Lack of sweating water in body all gone, Nausea & vomiting, Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak, Rapid, shallow breathing Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering Seizures, Unconsciousness .
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Heat exhaustion – Cause – Symptoms/Treatment
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Caused by exposure to heat:… Symptoms: Red skin, sweating, labored breathing Treatment: Get person out of heat source give water if conscious, cool body with cool cloths, fan person
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Hypothermia- Symptoms/Cause /treatment
Hypothermia- Symptoms/Cause /treatment
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Symptoms: confusion, stumbling, cold skin, sever cold, Caused by exposure to extreme cold Treatment- Call 911get person out of cold, out of wet clothes, warm with warm water, heat person up, heat packs, bath, blankets, do not give anything to drink with caffeine do not give alcohol or medication.
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Frostbite
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Areas affected- fingers, toes, ears, nose slowly warm area with warm water, do not rub, treat as a burn loosely wrap area with clean bandages
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Broken arm- How to Splint
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Do not twist or bend, Apply splint if victim needs to be transported to hospital, splint above & below break, use available material
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Ankle sprain
Ankle sprain
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wrap, elevate, stay off, do not move or bend
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1. Way to transport a victim
1. Way to transport a victim
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Only transport if in immediate danger
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2. way to transport victim
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