First aid/CPR

question

Define PPE
answer

Personal protective equipment
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Examples of PPE
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Disposable gloves, cpr breathing barrier, eye protection
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Which sign/symptom means 911 should be called?
answer

Altered level of consciousness
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What must you obtain from a conscious adult before giving care
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Consent
question

What are reasons for moving a victim
answer

To provide proper care To gain access to other injured victims Immediate danger to you or the victim
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What is not a reason to move a victim
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To make an injured limb fit a specific splint
question

Which move is appropriate for moving victim with spinal injury
answer

Clothes drag
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Shock, or hyperfusion, is a condition that results when the body is able to supply an adequate amount of oxygen to vital organs
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False, when too little blood flow to the brain or other vital organs
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If a patient refuses care after you have asked for consent you are legally prohibited from calling 911
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False; if person needs help, you should back up and call 911, and monitor the situation.
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If a person loses consciousness do you have implied consent?
answer

True
question

As you approach a scene you smell something burning and see a strange cloud of vapor. You should call 911 and enter the scene?
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False, call 911 and surgery the scene and stay a safe distance from scene
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What does BSI stand for
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Body substance isolation
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What is one fear that people have that prevents them from giving care?
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Fear of doing something wrong
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What is the first step when providing care for any emergency?
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Scene size-up (BSI, scene is safe)
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If unconscious adult has possible respiratory concern, what additional should be taken in primary assessment?
answer

Give 2 initial breaths like with a child or infant
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After you size-up scene and put your gloves on what do you do next?
answer

Obtain consent by stating your name, level of training, and asking if you can help them
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Do you need consent if a victim is conscious?
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Yes, everytime
question

It is not necessary to call 911 for an open fracture where bone is protruding from the skin
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False, risk of infection, sever blood loss, risk of shock progression, and permanent disability associated with these types of injuries merit a 911 call
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What are you looking for during a primary assessment
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Life threatening conditions
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What sign/symptoms indicate that you should perform CPR on victim?
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No pulse, no breathing
question

If someone vomits during care you should immediately..
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Turn them as a unit onto their side
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If unconscious victim is breathing and has a pulse how should leave them face up unless they vomit or you must leave the scene
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True, if they vomit or must leave the scene put them in modified HaInes recovery position
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You always evaluate loc Abe’s during primary assessment, but which should you evaluate first?
answer

LOC, level of consciousness relates to vital signs
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When giving care to an unconscious 8 year old who is not breathing, you should give 1 breath every ____ seconds?
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Every 3 seconds
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For an unconscious adult who is not breathing you should give breaths one every___seconds
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Every 5 seconds
question

It is acceptable to use a Bag-valve-mask alone if other rescuer is not available?
answer

False, BVM is only for 2-rescuers!!
question

What is the compression rate for unconscious choking for a child or infant?
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100 compressions per minute
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After positioning reduce mask what should you do next?
answer

Seal the mask
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Can victim be on soft surface for CPR?
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Must be on flat surface
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Why do you need to make sure that an unconscious choking victim is on a firm flat surface?
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To ensure the compressions will be effective
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What is the correct position for abdominal thrust during conscious adult/child choking
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The middle of the abdomen, just above the naval
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During conscious choking for an infant the head should be positioned below the chest to allow gravity to help dislodge the object
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True
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What is the universal sign for choking?
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Clutching the throat with one or both hands
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If you give a ventilation and it does not make the chest rise, you should
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Reposition the airway and give another ventilation
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What if both breaths do not go in?
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You should start unconscious choking care
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BVM is beneficial for both the victim and reducer, but care must be taken to prevent over-ventilation
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True
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What are the depth of conersion a when giving CPR?
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At least 2 inches for adult About 2 inches for child About 1/2 inches for infant
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What are the correct steps for cardiac chain of survival?
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1.early recognition of emergency 2.early CPR 3.early defibrillation 4.early advanced medical care
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When performing CPR you should____ to ensure that your compressions will be effective.
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Allow chest to fully recoil between compressions
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Why let the chest fully recoil?
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To allow the chambers of the heart to refill before next compression
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Rate of chest compressions for adult/child/infant is?
answer

100 compressions per minute
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Where should hands be places when performing CPR on an infant?
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One hand on forehead, and the other hand use 2to 3 fingers for compressions
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When performing CPR and see and obvious sign of life what should you do?
answer

Stop CPR and monitor victims condition. Re-assess pulse and breathing
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When do you perform CPR?
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When victim has no pulse and/or is not breathing
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If you hear popping or cracking when performing CPR what is wrong?
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Your compressions are too deep
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Should you stop performing CPR?
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No, continue. Rib breaking is sometimes a result of correct compression depth
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What is the emergency contact phone number in Great Britain?
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999
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Washington state good semeratan law
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If they don’t survive you are covered by this law
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What is the proper hand hygiene?
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Wash hands to prevent infection Wash for about 20 seconds
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What are the three steps in an emergency
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Size up scene Primary assessment Summon advance medical personnel
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What is respiratory distress
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When someone has difficulty breathing
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What is respiratory arrest?
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When heart stops beating
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How should you open an airway of a person who has spinal injury?
answer

Jaw thrust
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When do you perform rescue breathing?
answer

Pulse but no breathing
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What is the number one killer in the U.S.?
answer

Cardiovascular disease
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What are the two most common cardiovascular diseases?
answer

CHD and stroke
question

What is coronary heart disease?
answer

When plaque builds up
question

How do you remove objects in mouth if can see them?
answer

Finger sweep
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What do you say when you are doing 2-reducer CPR?
answer

Change instead of 30 for adult, and change instead of 15 for child or infant
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How many compressions and breath for 2-rescuer CPR?
answer

30 compressions 2 breaths for adult 15 compressions 2 breaths for children
question

When do you perform hands only CPR?
answer

When no breathing, very tiring, uncomfortable providing ventilation
question

What are the two most common abnormal heart rhythms?
answer

V-tech and v-fib
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What is a heart attack?
answer

When arteries become blocked
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What do you say when AED is analyzing, or shocking?
answer

“Stand clear”
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You arrive at a scene where another trained rescuer is performing CPR on an unconscious victim. What should you do?
answer

Ensure that advanced medical care has been summoned
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T/f: Once you have turned on AED you should attach pads to the victim and allow the device to analyze the heart.
answer

True
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T/f: should you always remove piercings from victims chest before applying AED?
answer

False, apply pads avoiding piercings as much as possible
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What is the rate of compressions for 2-rescuer CPR on an infant?
answer

15:2
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T/f: if you notice a medicine patch on a victims chest you should use a gloved hand to remove it before placing the AED pads.
answer

True
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After attaching AED pads to victim, and plugging in if necessary, you should..
answer

Tell everyone to stand clear!!
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What is the normal conduction of electrical impulses through the heart called?
answer

A normal sinus rhythm(NSR)
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What is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest in adults?
answer

Cardiovascular disease
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What is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest in children?
answer

Uncorrected respiratory arrest
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What is the compression rate of 2-rescuer CPR for child or infant?
answer

100 compressions per minute
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What is the ratio of compressions on an adult during 2-rescuer CPR?
answer

30:2
question

Define hypoxia
answer

An insufficient amount of oxygen delivered to the cells

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