First-Aid chapter 15: Sudden Illness

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Absence seizure
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A type of generalized seizure in which there are minimal or no movements
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Aura phase
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The first stage of a generalized seizure, during which the person experiences perceptual disturbances
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Clonic phase
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the third phase of a generalized seizure, during which the person experiences the seizure itself
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Complex partial seizure
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a type of partial seizure in which the person may experience an altered mental status or be unresponsive
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Diabetes
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A disease in which there are high leaves of blood glucose due to the insulin production, insulin action or both
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Diabetic Emergency
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A situation in which a person becomes ill b/c of an imbalance of insulin and sugar in the bloodstream
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Epilepsy
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A brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
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Fainting (syncope)
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Temporary loss of consciousness; usually related to temporary insufficient blood flow to the brain
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Febrile Seizure
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Seizure activity brought on by excessively high fever in a young child or infant
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Generalized tonic-clonic seizure
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A seizure that affects most or all of the brain; types include petit mal and grand mal seizure
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Grand mal seizure
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A type of generalized seizure that involves whole body contractions w/ loss of consciousnesses
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Hyperglycemia
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A condition where their is too much sugar in the bloodstream
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Hypoglycemia
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A condition where their is not enough sugar in the bloodstream
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Insulin
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A hormone produced by the pancreas to help sugar move into cells
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partial seizure
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a seizure that affects a part of the brain; could be simple of complex
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Post-ictal phase
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the forth and final phase of a generalized seizure, during which the person becomes extremely fatigued
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Simple Partial Seizure
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A seizure that is in a specific part of the body experiences muscle contractions; memory and awareness are not affected
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Stroke/Cerebrovascular Accident ( CVA )
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A disruption of blood flow to part of the brain that may cause permanent damage to brain tissue
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Tonic Phase
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The second phase of a generalized seizure, during which a person becomes unconscious and muscles become rigid
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Transient Ischemic Attack ( TIA )
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A condition that produces stroke-like symptoms but causes no permanent damage; may be a precursor to stroke; sometimes called mini-stroke
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The signals of sudden illness
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1. Change in level of concussions: Dizziness, Lightheaded, Drowsy, becoming confused, or Unconscious 2. Breathing problems 3. Signals of a Heart Attack 4. Signals of Stroke 5. Loss of vision or blurred vision 6. Signals of Shock 7. Sweating 8. Persistent abdominal pain or pressure 9. Nausea or Vomiting 10. Diarrhea 11. Seizures
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Care for victims who faint
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1. Position the person on his or her back,lying flat 2. Loosen any tight or restrictive clothing such as a tie or collar 3. Check that the person is breathing 4. If the person vomits, roll him or her on t here side
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Care needed in a diabetic emergency
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Distinguish between Hypo and Hyperglycemia
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Hypoglycemia – When the insulin level is too high and blood sugar level is too low Hyperglycemia – When the insulin level is too low and the sugar level is too high
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Diabetic Ketoacidosis Vs. Insulin Shock
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Diabetic Ketoacidosis – Insulin Shock –
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Innovations in the Treatment in diabetes: Oral, Pumps, and Cell Transplant
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Care for Seizures and Febrile Seizures
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Signals, Risk Factors, and Prevention for CVA
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What cloud Sweating, vomiting dimming visual fields head and or abdominal pain could indicate?
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What is another word for Syncope?
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List the 7 illnesses you might encounter
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What is the purpose of insulin?
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To turn sugar from food into energy
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What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
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Type 1 – Usually develops in childhood and must inject insulin into there bodies daily Type 2 – Usually develops in adults and the body that doesn’t produce enough insulin meet the bodies needs
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Which type of diabetes is the most common what type is the most severe?
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What should be done during care for seizure?
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What are the key signals for a diabetic emergency?
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What might be seen as symptoms or signals of a febrile seizures?
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What could cause a Stroke? What does FAST stand for in stroke recognition?
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