First Aid Chapter 1&2

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The leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults is:
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Unintentional injuries
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Each year, one person in _______ suffers a nonfatal injury serious enough to need medical attention or to restrict activity.
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Four
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Who primarily benefits from first aid training?
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Oneself
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First aid is intended to:
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Provide temporary help until proper medical care, if needed, is obtained
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Properly applied, first aid may mean the difference between:
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life and death, rapid recovery, and long hospitalization
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Consent to give first aid must be obtained from every victim who is:
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responsive, mentally competent, and of legal age
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If the victim is unresponsive, permission to give first aid is know as:
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implied consent
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Which of the following is a true statement regarding obtaining consent to give first aid?
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A firs aider cannot give first aid to a minor unless consent is obtained from the parent or guardian
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In cases of psychiatric emergencies, who has authority to restrain and transport a person against their will?
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A police officer
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A first aider must stay with the victim until another equally or better trained person takes over Failure to do so is considered:
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Abandonment
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Deviating from accepted standards of care that results in further injury to the victim is known as:
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Negligence
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Duty to act, breach of duty (substandard care), and injury and damages inflicted are all factors involved in:
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Negligence
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Which statement concerning duty to act is correct?
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Duty to act occurs when employment requires it, Duty to act occurs when a preexisting relationship exists, Duty to act follows guidelines for standards of care.
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Occupations that include a legal obligation to preform first aid include law enforcement officers, park rangers, athletic trainers, lifeguards, and:
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Teachers
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A first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits:
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Breach of duty
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Failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances is known as:
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An act of omission
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Which of the following statements concerning Good Samaritan Laws is true?
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They protect first aiders acting in good faith
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Supplies in a first aid kit should be customized to include those items likely to be used:
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on a regular basis
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What level of care is a firs aider expected to give
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Standard of care
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Minimizing the risk of a lawsuit includes but is not limited to:
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Obtaining consent Not exceeding your training level Staying with the victim once care has began
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___________ encourage(s) people to assist others in distress by granting them immunity against lawsuits
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Good Samaritan Laws
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If a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should:
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call 911 and stay with the victim until help arrives
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The Hadden Matrix is a strategy for ___________ that can be applied to any type of illness or injury.
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Interventions
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Who usually recognizes a situation as an emergency and acts to help a victim?
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A bystander
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Who is a vital link between emergency medical services (EMS) and the victim?
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Bystanders
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Why are laypersons less likely to offer help when an emergency occurs in a public place?
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Lack of knowledge Confusion about what an emergency is Characteristics of the emergency
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A bystander who has seen the emergency happen is ________ to help than is a bystander that arrives after the event.
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Less likely
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First aid and other assistance given by bystanders can be:
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Helpful Inadequate Potentially dangerous
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What is the first action a bystander should take in an emergency?
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Recognize the emergency
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Severity, physical distance, relationship, and time exposed are all factors that can help the bystander:
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Recognize the emergency
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Refusing to acknowledge an emergency is a strategy that can interfere with which emergency action?
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Deciding to help
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The most important time to decide whether to help in an emergency is:
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Before the encountering the emergency
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Why might someone decide not to help in an emergency situation?
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It may be harmful to responder Helping does not matter No other bystanders are helping the victim
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Someone must call 911 if you are unsure of the victim’s condition, if the victim’s condition is life threatening or could become life threatening, or:
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the victim needs EMS A spinal injury is suspected distance or traffic could delay getting to the hospital
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In a serious situation who should you call first?
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911
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When calling 911, which of the following information should be given to the EMS dispatch?
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The victim’s location and condition Number of persons involved Your name and the phone number you are calling from
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Desensitization relates to:
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Overcoming anxieties caused by unpleasant sights and sounds
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A stressful event can be psychologically overwhelming and can result in a condition known as:
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PTSD
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What should the rescuer look for during the scene size-up?
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Hazards that could be dangerous The mechanism or cause of injury The number if victims
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A(n) __________ is a disease that can be spread from one person to another
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Infectious
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A(n) _________ Is a medical condition caused by growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body.
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question

Personal protective equipment PPE includes
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exam gloves mouth to barrier devices eye protection
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The most common type of PPE available for first aiders to protect against bloodborne pathogens is:
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Gloves
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What is the best method for personal protection against contact with boodborne pathogens?
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Wearing PPE
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Which of the following are bloodborne diseases?
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HIV Hepatitis B&C
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A vaccine is available for:
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Hepatitis B&C TB
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Hepatitis C virus can cause ______ disease or cancer
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Liver
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____________ is a potentially life threatening viral infections
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SARS
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_____________ are transmitted through the air by coughing or sneezing
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Airborne viruses
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The grieving process has ___ stages
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five
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The first stage of the grieving process is
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Denial
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The second stage of the grieving process is
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Anger
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The third stage of the grieving process is
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bargaining
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The fourth stage of the grieving process is
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depression
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The fifth stage of the grieving process is
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acceptance
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The ____ Stage of grieving is characterized by denial
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First
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The ____ Stage of grieving is characterized by bargaining
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Third
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The ____ Stage of grieving is characterized by despair and sadness
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Fourth
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The ____ Stage of grieving is characterized by acceptance
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Fifth
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The first aider should leave the confirmation of death to
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A physician

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