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FINAL psychology Essay

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_____________ is a tendency to believe that people generally get what they deserve. A) Just-World Phenomenon B) Fundamental attribution error C) Self-servicing bias D) Situational
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Just world phenomenon
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The fact that husbands and wives both report doing more than 50% of the household chores is an example of _____. A) self-handicapping B) the fundamental attribution error C) the self-attribution error D) the self-serving bias
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The self- serving bias
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The results of a cross-sectional marketing study to determine how age affects people’s beliefs about family purchases and financial planning were criticized on the grounds that the data was influenced by cohort effects. This means that _____. A) some of the subjects belonged to ethnic minorities B) the subjects were self-selected by their friends and neighbors C) the older groups of subjects lived during the depression D) only 63% of the questionnaires were returned
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The older groups of subjects lived during the depression
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From implantation through the 8th week, the major body organs and systems develop during this period. This period of pregnancy is called: A) Embryonic B) Fetal C) Zygotic D) Germinal
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Embryonic
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The first motor movements a newborn exhibits are limited to _____. A) bowel movements B) “mewling and puking” C) fine motor movements D) reflexes
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Reflexes
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Which of the following sensory systems is MOST poorly developed at birth? A) Taste B) Smell C) Vision D) Touch
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Vision
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_____ is the psychological development that occurs during the period between childhood and adulthood A) Egocentricism B) Identity C) Autonomy D) Adolescence
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Adolescence
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Which of the following is INCORRECT regarding menopause? A) It is the cessation of menstruation. B) It occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. C) It is the result of decreases in estrogen production. D) It is strongly associated with severe mood swings, depression, and loss of sexual interest.
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It is strongly associated with severe mood swings, depression, and loss of sexual interest.
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Mental speed declines with age, and general information processing and much of memory are largely ___________ by the aging process. A) affected B) unaffected C) reduced D) slowed
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Unaffected
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The Hayflick limit refers to the _____. A) maximum human life span B) amount of damage the human heart can sustain C) genetically controlled maximum number of cell divisions D) maximum number of times a given immune cell can perform its function
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Genetically controlled maximum number of cell division
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Accommodation occurs when new information _____. A) is used “as is” B) fits into an existing schema C) results in adjusting old or creating new schemas D) is taken in and used
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Results in adjusting old or creating new schemas
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The four stages of Piaget’s cognitive development model are _____. A) assimilation, accommodation, adaptation, and association B) sensorimotor, concrete operational, preoperational, and formal C) sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational D) sensorimotor, precognitive, operational, and abstract operational
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Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational
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When five-month old Jessica learns that mommy continues to exist even when she is quietly resting in another room, Jessica has developed _____. A) sensory permanence B) perceptual constancy C) perceptual permanence D) object permanence
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Object permanence
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The ability to think abstractly or hypothetically occurs in Piaget’s _____ stage. A) egocentric B) post-operational C) formal operational D) concrete operational
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Formal operational
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Extreme forms of self-consciousness and concerns for physical appearance are common in adolescents, who tend to exhibit the early formal operational characteristic called _____. A) the personal fable B) adolescent operations C) the imaginary audience D) the egocentric fable
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The imaginary audience
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_____ is a strong affectionate bond with special others that endures over time. A) Bonding B) Attachment C) Love D) Intimacy
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Attachment
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Eric is demanding and disobedient, has no respect for the property or rights of others, and is impulsive, immature, and out of control. According to Baumrind, it is MOST likely that his parents are engaged in _____ parenting. A) abusive B) authoritarian C) authoritative D) permissive
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Permissive
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The major detrimental difference between individualistic and collectivist cultures is _____. A) the order of stages of moral development B) the order of stages of psychosocial development C) the resolution of the initiative vs. guilt stage of psychosocial development D) which needs and goals are emphasized
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Which needs and goals are emphasized
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Five-year-old Tyler believes “bad things are what you get punished for.” Tyler is at Kohlberg’s _____ level of morality. A) concrete B) preconventional C) postconventional D) punishment oriented
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Preconventional
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Calvin would like to wear baggy, torn jeans and a nose ring, but he is concerned that others will disapprove. Calvin is at Kohlberg’s _____ level of morality. A) conformity B) approval seeking C) conventional D) preconventional
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Conventional
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Someone who burns his country’s flag just because the law says he can is reasoning at the _____ stage of moral development; whereas someone who burns his country’s flag because he believes that his country has lost its legitimacy is reasoning at the _____ stage. A) punishment and obedience; individual principle B) individual principle; individual principle C) law and order; social contract D) individual principle; instrumental-exchange
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Law and order; social contract
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Which of the following is NOT one of Thomas and Chess’s temperament styles? A) An easy child who is happy, relaxed, agreeable, adjusts readily B) A difficult child who is moody, easily frustrated, tense, over-reactive C) A child who is slow-to-warm-up, shy and withdrawn D) A child with colic who cries inconsolably for several hours
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A child with colic who cries inconsolably for several hours
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The belief that adult personality reflects how an individual has met or resolved the challenges and crises that occur in eight stages of development is the definition of _____. A) Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development B) Freud’s psychosexual stages of development C) Thomas and Chess’s theory of temperament development D) Kohlberg’s model of moral development
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Erikson’s psychosocial stage of development
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Chelsea is a toddler who has authoritarian parents. Her parents do not allow her to make any decisions on her own. As a result, Chelsea may have difficulty resolving the _____ developmental stage. A) autonomy versus shame and doubt B) trust versus mistrust C) initiative versus guilt D) industry versus inferiority
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Autonomy versus shame and doubt
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In Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development, the establishment of a sense of self and a role in society is dependent upon successfully resolving which of the following challenges? A) generativity vs. stagnation B) ego integrity vs. despair C) identity vs. role confusion D) intimacy vs. isolation
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Identity vs. role confusion
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Erikson’s identity crisis refers to _____. A) parents telling their adolescents to be someone they aren’t B) peers convincing adolescents to behave against parental morals C) the inner conflict related to serious soul-searching D) amnesia about one’s identity in a time of crisis
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The inner conflict related to serious soul- searching
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Forty-year-old Carl is very proud that he has the fastest car on the road and the finest house on the block, but feels lonely and isolated when he goes home to his family. Carl is likely to be in Erikson’s _____ stage of development. A) ego integrity vs. despair B) generativity vs. stagnation C) intimacy vs. isolation D) identity vs. role confusion
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Generativity vs. stagnation
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The major detrimental difference between individualistic and collectivist cultures is _____. A) the order of stages of moral development B) the order of stages of psychosocial development C) the resolution of the initiative vs. guilt stage of psychosocial development D) which needs and goals are emphasized
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Which needs and goals are emphasized
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_____ has consistently been found to be a key factor in successful marriages. A) Realistic expectations B) The ability to fight for equity C) Satisfying sexual activity D) Emotional stability
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Realistic expectations
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What is the most common reason for girls dropping out of high school? A) Abuse B) Drug use C) Pregnancy D) Poverty
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Pregnancy
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Research shows that depression and poverty are among the consequences suffered by _____. A) children of alcoholics B) teenage mothers C) males who use drugs in high school D) young people who do not go to college
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Teenage mothers
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A child who can adapt effectively in the face of threats is demonstrating _____. A) rapid recovery B) resiliency C) flexibility D) adaptability
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resiliency
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The _____ theory of aging suggests that adjustment to retirement is fostered by mutual withdrawal between the elderly and society. A) disengagement B) withdrawal C) activity D) death-preparation
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Disengagement
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Research on aging in the United States indicates that elderly women have more _____ than elderly men. A) sexual partners B) patience C) friends D) income
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friends
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Lionel recently lost his wife and is experiencing guilt, anger, and resentment. Occasionally, he has vivid dreams that she is still alive, and sometimes even sees her waiting for him on the front porch swing when he comes home from work. It is MOST likely that Lionel is in the _____ stage of grieving. A) numbness B) disorganization and despair C) yearning D) bargaining
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Yearning
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With regard to sexuality, _____ is the set of beliefs, values, and norms that subtly encourage male sexuality and discourage female sexuality. A) the double standard B) androsexism C) paternalism D) the book called The Rules
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The double standard
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Eva Marie has learned that society expects girls to play with dolls rather than trucks. This means she understands her _____. A) sexual orientation B) gender schema C) gender role D) gender
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Gender role
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Bradford wears female clothing because it is sexually arousing. Billy wears female clothing because he believes he is female and wants others to perceive him this way. Bradford is an example of _____, whereas Billy is an example of _____. A) transsexualism; cross-dressing B) a female impersonator; someone “going in drag” C) transvestitism; transsexualism D) transvestitism; cross-dressing
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Transvestitism; transsexualism
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The case of “Bruce/Brenda” best demonstrated that _____. A) circumcision is a dangerous operation B) sex-reassignment should never be done C) gender identity has more to do with environment than with biological anatomy D) biology plays a role in gender identity formation
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Biology plays a role in gender identity formation
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Which of the following groups of people generally have higher self-esteem, are more socially competent and motivated to achieve, and exhibit better overall mental health? Those who score _____. A) high on either masculinity or androgyny B) high on both masculinity and femininity C) low on both masculinity and femininity D) high on either femininity or androgyny
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High on either masculinity or androgyny
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Who were three major contributors to today’s knowledge about sexuality? A) Ellis, Kinsey, and Masters and Johnson B) Dr. Ruth, Dr. Laura, and Howard Stern C) Bart Simpson, Beavis, and Butthead D) Hugh Hefner, Larry Flynt, and Ken Starr
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Ellis, Kinsey, and Masters and johnson
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Masters and Johnson researched the _____ aspects of human sexuality. A) physiological B) cultural C) genetic D) psychological
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Physiological
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Which of the following is the CORRECT sequence of events in Masters and Johnson’s sexual response cycle? A) Excitement ◊ orgasm ◊ plateau ◊ resolution B) Plateau ◊ excitement ◊ orgasm ◊ climax C) Arousal ◊ excitement ◊ plateau ◊ orgasm D) Excitement ◊ plateau ◊ orgasm ◊ resolution
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Excitement, plateau, orgasm, reolution
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A homosexual orientation appears to be the result of _____. A) seduction during childhood or adolescence by an older homosexual B) a family background that includes a dominant mother and a passive, detached father C) a hormonal imbalance D) genetics and biology playing a dominant role
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Genetics and biology playing a dominant role
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Telling derogatory jokes about homosexuality and/or avoiding any behavior that might be interpreted as “homosexual” may be examples of _____. A) heterosexism B) erotophobia C) sexual prejudice D) homoerotica
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Sexual prejudice
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Dyspareunia is defined in your textbook as _____. A) a lack of interest in sex B) painful intercourse C) a lack of orgasmic capability D) an unusually excessive interest in sex
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Painful intercourse
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The _____ branch of the nervous system is dominant during sexual arousal, whereas the _____ branch is dominant during orgasm and ejaculation. A) parasympathetic; sympathetic B) autonomic; somatic C) central; peripheral D) cerebral; spinal
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Parasympathetic; sympathetic
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This is a drug used to treat erectile problems. A) Alcohol B) Venus Flytrap C) Viagra D) Valium
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Viagra
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AIDS stands for _____. A) Active Immune Disorder and Symptoms B) Automatic Immunological Distress Syndrome C) Auto-Immune Deficiency Syndrome D) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
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_____ refers to one’s biological state of being male or female. A) Gender identity B) Sex C) Gender role D) Gender
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Sex
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In recent times, the case for instincts in humans has been supported by _____. A) incentive theorists B) behaviorists C) sociobiologists D) psychoanalysts
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sociobiologists
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Which of the following is INCORRECTLY matched? A) Drive-reduction theory: external stimuli B) Incentive theory: external stimuli C) Cognitive theory: attributions and expectancies D) Maslow: hierarchy of needs
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Drive reduction theory: external stimuli
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Gaston and Page got married on a high bridge and started their honeymoon with a bungee-jump from the bridge. Which type of motive BEST explains their behavior? A) The achievement motive B) The drive reduction motive C) The arousal motive D) The need for self-actualization
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The arousal motive
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According to your textbook, the MOST important cure for test anxiety is _____. A) advance preparation and hard work B) deep breathing C) meditation D) an aerobic workout
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Advanced preparation and hard work
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According to the cognitive theory of motivation, which of the following students is MOST likely to study hard for their next psychology exam? A) Sasha believes she earned an “A” on this exam because the questions were easy. B) Endora believes she is a witch and can get whatever she wants by waving her arms and casting a spell. C) Martino believes he can bring his “C” up to an “A” or “B” next time. D) Clemy believes he studied as hard as he could for this exam, is very discouraged that he only got a “D.”.
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Martino believes he can bring his C up to an A or B next time
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Hunger, arousal, and achievement are three basic _____. A) emotions B) feelings C) responses D) motives
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Motives
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_____ is a feeling of fullness that has an effect on the perception of hunger. A) Insatiety B) Protrudation C) Satiety D) Grandiosity
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satiety
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Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa? A) Bone fractures, osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and loss of brain tissue B) Very few of its victims will die C) Loss of teeth, severe throat and stomach damage D) Nearly 90% of its victims will die
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Bone fractures, osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and loss of brain tissue
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The three components of emotion are _____. A) cognitive, physiological, and behavioral B) perceiving, thinking, and acting C) positive, negative, and neutral D) active/passive, positive/negative, direct/indirect
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Cognitive, physiological, and behavioral
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This theory that you perceive an event, you body reacts, and then you interpret the bodily changes as a specific emotion. A) Cannon-Bard B) James-Lange C) Facial feedback D) Schachter’s two-factor
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James-Lange
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According to the facial feedback hypothesis, expressing an emotion should ______. A) diminish it B) change it C) intensify it D) have no impact on it
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Intensify it
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Complex emotions like jealousy, embarrassment, or love are BEST explained by _____. A) the Cannon-Bard theory B) the James-Lange theory C) Schachter’s two-factor theory D) the facial feedback hypothesis
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Scachter’s two- factor theory
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Extrinsic rewards tend to decrease enjoyment of an activity because they _____. A) are secondary rather than primary reinforcers B) are negative rather than positive reinforcers C) change our explanation for engaging in an activity D) provide inadequate justification for most activities
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Change our explanation for engaging in an activity
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Besides fear, anger, joy, and happiness, which of the following emotions have been found by all cross-cultural researchers in this field? A) Sign of pleasure or displeasure B) Shame and guilt C) Interest and anticipation D) Shame/guilt and interest/anticipation
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Sign of pleasure or displeasure
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What percent of women in western industrialized countries show signs of an eating disorder? A) 15 B) 25 C) 40 D) 50
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50
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Windigo psychosis, a disorder characterized by delusions and cannibalistic impulses, and is only found in Indian tribes in Canada, is an example of a _____ mental disorder. A) culture-bound B) culturally universal C) functional D) organic
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Culture bond
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According to your text, the BEST definition of factor analysis is _____. A) an objective measure of personality traits or factors B) a statistical procedure used to determine the most basic units contained in a large array of data C) the theory of personality that uses a variety of factors in analyzing character traits D) a projective measure of personality traits or factors
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A statistical procedure used to determine the most basic units contained in a large array of data
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Radford is emotionally unstable, insecure, anxious, and moody; Quinn is calm, even-tempered, easygoing, and relaxed. According to the Five-Factor model, it is likely that Radford scores _____; and Quinn scores _____. A) low on agreeableness; low on conscientiousness B) low on adaptability; high on adaptability C) high on neuroticism; low on neuroticism D) high on introversion; low on eagerness
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High on neuroticism; low on neuroticism
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Compared to _____ theories that describe personality, _____ theories attempt to explain personality. A) behavior; trait B) psychoanalytic; humanistic C) humanistic; behavior D) trait; psychoanalytic
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Trait; psychoanalytic
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According to Freud, the three mental structures that form personality are the _____. A) unconscious, preconscious, and conscious B) oral, anal, and phallic C) Oedipus, Electra, and sexual/aggressive D) id, ego, and superego
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Id, ego and superego
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The _____ operates on the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification. The _____ operates on the reality principle, and the _____ contains the conscience and ego-ideal, which provide moral guidance for the ego. A) psyche; ego; id B) id; ego; superego C) conscious; preconscious; unconscious D) oral stage; anal stage; phallic stage
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id; ego ; superego
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The first and most basic defense mechanism, which blocks unacceptable impulses from coming into awareness, is called _____. A) regression B) oppression C) repression D) denial
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repression
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Dr. X is sexually attracted to her newest client. Rather than having sex with him, she makes passionate love to her husband that night. This is an example of the defense mechanism called _____. A) displacement B) projection C) sublimation D) regression
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displacement
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Gisele is in the process of developing successful relationships with her same-sex peers and refining her female gender role. She is also working on her intellectual skills. According to Freud, Gisele is in the _____ stage of development. A) industry vs. inferiority B) concrete operational C) latency D) conventional
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latency
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Conan constantly wants to be near his mother, receiving her affectionate touching and kissing. He wants nothing to do with his father, and actively stands between his parents to keep them from hugging each other. According to Freudian theory, it is likely that Conan is _____. A) developing a neurosis B) developing homosexual tendencies C) in the middle of the Oedipus complex D) being overindulged by his mother and underindulged by his father
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In the middle of the Oedipus complex
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Which of the following is NOT associated with Adler’s individual psychology? A) will-to-power B) inferiority C) social interest D) self-efficacy
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self- efficacy
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Which of the following personality theorists contributed the concept of power envy? A) Freud B) Jung C) Adler D) Horney
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horney
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If you took the _____ approach to personality, you would emphasize internal experiences, like feelings and thoughts, and the basic worth of the individual. A) humanistic B) psychodynamic C) personalistic D) motivational
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Humanistic
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Rogers thought that _____ is necessary for a child’s uniqueness and positive self-concept to unfold naturally. A) permissive parenting B) a challenging environment C) unconditional positive regard D) a friendly neighborhood
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unconditional positive regard
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Wilson took this psychology course once before and failed. However, he refuses to give up, and believes that he can earn a “C” or better this time even though he still has to work part-time. It is likely that Wilson _____. A) suffers from delusions of grandeur B) has a high locus of control C) has high self-efficacy D) is engaged in reciprocal determinism
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Has high self efficiency
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Criticisms of the social-cognitive approach to personality include all EXCEPT which of the following? A) It ignores the contribution of emotion on personality. B) It overlooks the developmental component of personality. C) It does not meet the standards for scientific research. D) It ignores the role of the unconscious in determining personality
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It does not meet the standards for scientific research
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The _____ approach represents a blending of several theories of personality. A) unification B) association C) biopsychosocial D) phenomenological
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Biopsychosocial
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The MMPI-2 is an example of a(n) _____ personality test. A) unreliable B) invalid C) objective D) subjective
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Objective
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The idea that a person will “project” his inner thoughts, feelings and conflicts onto an ambiguous stimulus is the basis for the _____ methods of personality assessment. A) subjective B) observational C) projectional D) projective
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projective
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Two important criteria for evaluating the usefulness of tests used to assess personality are _____. A) concurrence and prediction B) reliability and validity C) consistency and correlation D) diagnosis and prognosis
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reliability and validity
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In psychoanalysis, free association refers to _____. A) unproductive sessions for which the client is not charged B) a thought process which has no underlying cause or motivation C) reporting whatever comes to mind without monitoring its contents D) purposefully bizarre and disconnected associations
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reporting whatever comes to mind without monitoring its contents
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The displacement of thoughts, feelings, fears, wishes, and conflicts from past relationships onto new relationships is called _____. A) transference B) countertransference C) projection D) displacement
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transference
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Casey believes it is useless to keep writing because she has received so many manuscript rejections, and only one screenplay acceptance. Beck would consider Casey’s depression to be due to her use of _____. A) overgeneralization B) all-or-nothing thinking C) selective perception D) magnification
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Selective perception
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Critics suggest that Beck and Ellis ignore, deny, or minimize the importance of _____ on patient’s behaviors. A) unconscious dynamics, emotion, and prior experiences B) thoughts and beliefs C) rationality D) irrationality
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Uncouncious dynamics, emotion, and prior experiences
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In Rogerian therapy, the _____ is responsible for discovering maladaptive patterns. A) therapist B) analyst C) family D) client
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Client
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This is listening with total attention by reflecting, paraphrasing, and clarifying. A) Speaker-centered listening B) Speaker-focused listening C) Unconditional positive listening D) Active listening
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Active listening
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_____ treats the family as a unit, and members work together to solve problems. A) Aversion therapy B) Encounter groups C) Self-help groups D) Family therapy
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Family therapy
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Eudoxie covers her husband’s alcohol-related absences by lying to his boss. A behavior therapist is MOST likely to say that Eudoxie’s problem is _____. A) her marriage B) best treated by attending Alanon meetings C) her husband’s alcohol-related behavior D) lying to her husband’s boss
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Lying to her husbands boss
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This is a gradual process of extinguishing a learned fear-response by associating a hierarchy of fear-evoking stimuli with deep relaxation. A) Hierarchical training B) Systematic desensitization C) Aversion conditioning D) The relaxation response
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Systemic desensitization
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Which of the following is NOT a type of antidepressant drug? A) Tricyclics B) MAO (monoamine oxidase) inhibitors C) SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) D) Lithium
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Lithium
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In a lobotomy, a neurosurgeon would sever the pathways between the frontal lobe and the _____. A) parietal lobe B) cerebellum C) thalamus and hypothalamus D) limbic system
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Thalamus and hypothalamus
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This is the use of a magnetic coil to create a magnetic field and deliver controlled electrical currents to precise areas of the brain. A) rTMS or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation B) MRI or magnetic resonance imaging C) PMS or periodic magnetic stimulation D) cECT or controlled electroconvulsive therapy
answer

RTMS or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
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A _____ has usually had four years of graduate school and one or more supervised internships; a _____ is a medical doctor who has completed a one-year internship and a three-year supervised residency in the biological and therapeutic treatment of mental disorders. A) licensed clinical social worker; psychologist B) psychologist; licensed clinical psychologist C) psychologist; psychiatrist D) counselor; psychologist
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Psychologist; psychiatrist
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The effectiveness of therapy can BEST be determined by _____. A) self-report from patients regarding progress B) therapist assessment of progress C) meta-analysis of prior research D) family and friend surveys
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Meta-analysis of prior research
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Cross-cultural research suggests that cognitive dissonance may be a result of placing a high value on _____. A) independence and individualism B) connection with others C) appraisal by others D) honesty and integrity
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Independence and individualism
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Charlton says that ” handguns should be registered, and owners should be required to keep a trigger lock on them,”. This is an example of which component of Charlton’s attitude about guns? A) Affective B) Cognitive C) Behavioral D) Emotional
answer

cognitive
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In the classic dissonance experiment, which group had more attitude change? A) The group that was paid $1 B) The group that was paid $20 C) The control group D) There was no difference in attitude change between the two groups
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The group that was paid 1 dollar
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Prejudice is _____; discrimination is _____. A) a behavior; a belief B) unethical; illegal C) an attitude; a behavior D) innate; learned
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an attitude; a behavior
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Which of the following principles of social psychology may have made it easier for American soldiers to kill Vietnamese civilians in the 1970s? A) Outgroup homogeneity B) Ingroup favoritism C) Homeostatic similarity D) Reciprocal dislike
answer

Outgroup homogeneity
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According to Monica Moore’s research regarding female flirting, which of the following is INCORRECT? A) Flirting may be the single most important thing a woman can do to increase her attractiveness. B) Men appear to welcome clear signals of female interest. C) Signaling interest usually means a woman is also interested in having sex with a man. D) Touch usually signals a higher level of flirting.
answer

Signaling interest usually means a woman is also interested in having sex with a man
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Need _____ is the tendency to be attracted to people whose qualities we admire but personally lack. A) dissimilarity B) differential C) heterogeneity D) complementarity
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complementarity
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Two problems with romantic love are that it _____. A) lasts too long and uses up too much energy B) is based on mystery and fantasy C) lacks compassion and real attraction D) is immature and rare after early adulthood
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Is based on mystery and fantasy
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The two MAJOR kinds of social influence are _____. A) low-ball and foot-in-the-door B) persuasion and agreement C) agreement and disagreement D) conformity and obedience
answer

conformity and obedience
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With regard to the norm for personal space, which of the following persons is MOST likely to break the U.S. norm by standing too close to an American adult? A) A Scandinavian tourist B) An American teenager C) A Mediterranean guest D) A violent prisoner
answer

A Mediterranean guest
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Compared to Milgram’s original study, when did obedience INCREASE? A) When orders were given by an ordinary person B) When the teacher chose the shock level C) When the teacher watched two others disobey D) When the teacher read a list of words while another delivers the shock
answer

when the teacher read a list of words while another delivers the shock
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The set of normative expectations connected with particular social positions is your text’s definition of a _____. A) normative reference B) reference group norm C) role D) responsibility
answer

role
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A group’s movement toward either riskier or more conservative behavior, depending on members’ initial dominant tendency is called _____. A) a risky shift B) a cognitive reversal C) group polarization D) groupthinking
answer

group polarization
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In groups of two or more people, this is the tendency to assume that someone else will take action. A) The problem of assumption B) The social loafing phenomenon C) Faulty interpretation D) Diffusion of responsibility
answer

diffusion of responsibility
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A social influence technique in which a first, small request is used as a set-up for later requests is known as _____. A) the low-ball technique B) the foot-in-the-door technique C) the infiltration technique D) ingratiation
answer

The foot- in the door technique
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In most cultures, the most important attribute in a potential husband is _____. A) reproductive capability B) physical attractiveness C) economic resources and social status D) youth and aggression
answer

economic resources and social status
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A cultural rule of behavior that prescribes what is acceptable or acceptable in a given situation is called a _____. A) norm B) motivator C) behavioral determinant D) meta-rule
answer

norm